For research use only.
CAS No. 124832-27-5
Valaciclovir HCl, an aciclovir prodrug, inhibits activity of virus DNA polymerase, used to treat infections caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus, and for prophylaxis against cytomegalovirus (CMV).
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Anti-infection Inhibitors
|Description||Valaciclovir HCl, an aciclovir prodrug, inhibits activity of virus DNA polymerase, used to treat infections caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus, and for prophylaxis against cytomegalovirus (CMV).|
Valaciclovir inhibits the uptake of substrates of dipeptide transporters, such as cefalexin. The metabolism of Valaciclovir to Aciclovir probably occurs within the gut lumen prior to absorption, in the small intestine after uptake but before entry into the portal blood system, and in the liver before entry into systemic circulation.  Valaciclovir (Valtrex, Zelitrex), the L-valine ester of aciclovir, increases aciclovir bioavailability by 3- to 5-fold over that achievable with oral aciclovir. Valaciclovir extends the efficacy of aciclovir in the treatment of herpes zoster and genital HSV infections, using less frequent dose regimens but retaining the highly acceptable safety profile established for aciclovir. Valaciclovir is rapidly absorbed and extensively converted to aciclovir and L-valine, the essential amino acid after oral administration. 
|In vivo||Valaciclovir, the L-valyl ester of acyclovir (ZOVIRAX), demonstrates good oral absorption and nearly complete conversion to acyclovir incynomolgus monkeys, indicating its suitability as an orally administered prodrug.  Valaciclovir demonstrates good oral absorption, rapid distribution and elimination, and extensive biotransformation to acyclovir in male CD rats. Valaciclovir is more efficiently metabolized when administered orally, indicating first-pass intestinal and/or hepatic metabolism. Rapid hydrolysis of Valaciclovir in rat liver and intestinal homogenates further suggested the significance of presystemic metabolism. |
|In vitro||Water||72 mg/mL (199.55 mM)|
|DMSO||14 mg/mL (38.8 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02997982||Completed||Drug: Valaciclovir 500Mg Tablet||Alzheimer Disease|Mild Cognitive Impairment|Herpes Simplex||Hugo Lovheim|Umeå University||December 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT01633476||Unknown status||Drug: Valaciclovir||ANCA Associated Vasculitis|CMV Infection||Professor Lorraine Harper|Wellcome Trust|University of Birmingham||July 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01364792||Completed||Drug: Valaciclovir||Schizophrenia|Psychosis||University Medical Center Groningen|Stanley Medical Research Institute||April 2011||Phase 2|
|NCT01390805||Completed||Drug: Valaciclovir Hydrochloride.||Genital Herpes||GlaxoSmithKline||November 2006||--|
|NCT00169416||Completed||Drug: valaciclovir HCl granules||Varicella||GlaxoSmithKline||March 2005||Phase 3|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.