Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S2717
Molecular Weight(MW): 399.87
CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.
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C, experimental design illustrating the time points in which PYGL inhibitor CP-91149 (GPi) and 2DG were added to the groups depicted in D to J. D, representative images of cell invasion through the Boyden chamber from control, 2DG and recovery GBM1 treated with GPi or DMSO. E to G, comparison of the invasive capacity of EV or shG6PC in the presence or absence of GPi.
Mol Cancer Res, 2014, 12(11):1547-59.. CP-91149 purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Phosphorylase Inhibitors
|Description||CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.|
CP-91149 displays 200-fold higher inhibitory activity against human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa) than caffeine (IC50 = 26 μM). CP-91149 (10-100 μM) inhibits glucagon-stimulated glycogenolysis in isolated rat hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner, and in primary human hepatocytes with IC50 of ~2.1 μM.  CP-91149 also potently inhibits the activities of human muscle phosphorylase a and b with IC50 of 0.2 μM and ~0.3 μM, respectively. CP-91149 treatment at 2.5 μM induces inactivation of phosphorylase and sequential activation of glycogen synthase in hepatocytes, and increases glycogen synthesis by 7-fold at 5 mM glucose and by 2-fold at 20 mM glucose. CP-91149 can partially counteract the effects of phosphorylase overexpression.  CP-91149 also potently inhibits brain GP with IC50 of 0.5 μM in A549 cells. CP-91149 treatment at 10-30 μM causes significant glycogen accumulation in A549 and HSF55 cells. CP-91149 treatment increases G1-phase cells with a significant reduction of the S-phase population in HSF55 cells, correlated with increased expression of p21 and p27.  CP-91149 also promotes the dephosphorylation and activation of GS (glycogen synthase) in non-engineered or GP-overexpressing cultured human muscle cells, but exclusively in glucose-deprived cells. 
|In vivo||Oral administration of CP-91149 to diabetic ob/ob mice at 25-50 mg/kg causes rapid (3 hours) glucose lowering by 100-120 mg/dl without producing hypoglycemia, resulting from inhibition of glycogenolysis in vivo. CP-91149 treatment does not lower glucose levels in normoglycemic, nondiabetic mice.  In the non-fasted Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, administration of CP-91149 in combination with CS-917 suppresses hepatic glycogen reduction by CS-917 and decreases plasma glucose more than single administration of CS-917. |
Phosphorylase enzyme assay:Human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa, 85 ng) activity is measured in the direction of glycogen synthesis by the release of phosphate from glucose-1-phosphate at 22°C in 100 μL of buffer containing 50 mM Hepes (pH 7.2), 100 mM KCl, 2.5 mM EGTA, 2.5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mM glucose-1-phosphate, and 1 mg/mL glycogen. Phosphate is measured at 620 nm, 20 minutes after the addition of 150 μL of 1 M HCl containing 10 mg/mL ammonium molybdate and 0.38 mg/mL malachite green. Increasing concentrations of CP-91149 are added to the assay in 5 μL of 14% DMSO.
-  Martin WH, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1998, 95(4), 1776-1781.
-  Aiston S, et al. J Biol Chem, 2001, 276(26), 23858-23866.
-  Schnier JB, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2003, 309(1), 126-134.
|In vitro||DMSO||80 mg/mL (200.06 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% methylcellulose+0.2% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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