Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S2717

For research use only.

CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.

CP-91149 Chemical Structure

CAS No. 186392-40-5

Selleck's CP-91149 has been cited by 3 Publications

1 Customer Review

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Biological Activity

Description CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) [1]
0.13 μM
In vitro

CP-91149 displays 200-fold higher inhibitory activity against human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa) than caffeine (IC50 = 26 μM). CP-91149 (10-100 μM) inhibits glucagon-stimulated glycogenolysis in isolated rat hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner, and in primary human hepatocytes with IC50 of ~2.1 μM. [1] CP-91149 also potently inhibits the activities of human muscle phosphorylase a and b with IC50 of 0.2 μM and ~0.3 μM, respectively. CP-91149 treatment at 2.5 μM induces inactivation of phosphorylase and sequential activation of glycogen synthase in hepatocytes, and increases glycogen synthesis by 7-fold at 5 mM glucose and by 2-fold at 20 mM glucose. CP-91149 can partially counteract the effects of phosphorylase overexpression. [2] CP-91149 also potently inhibits brain GP with IC50 of 0.5 μM in A549 cells. CP-91149 treatment at 10-30 μM causes significant glycogen accumulation in A549 and HSF55 cells. CP-91149 treatment increases G1-phase cells with a significant reduction of the S-phase population in HSF55 cells, correlated with increased expression of p21 and p27. [3] CP-91149 also promotes the dephosphorylation and activation of GS (glycogen synthase) in non-engineered or GP-overexpressing cultured human muscle cells, but exclusively in glucose-deprived cells. [4]

In vivo Oral administration of CP-91149 to diabetic ob/ob mice at 25-50 mg/kg causes rapid (3 hours) glucose lowering by 100-120 mg/dl without producing hypoglycemia, resulting from inhibition of glycogenolysis in vivo. CP-91149 treatment does not lower glucose levels in normoglycemic, nondiabetic mice. [1] In the non-fasted Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, administration of CP-91149 in combination with CS-917 suppresses hepatic glycogen reduction by CS-917 and decreases plasma glucose more than single administration of CS-917. [5]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Phosphorylase enzyme assay:

    Human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa, 85 ng) activity is measured in the direction of glycogen synthesis by the release of phosphate from glucose-1-phosphate at 22°C in 100 μL of buffer containing 50 mM Hepes (pH 7.2), 100 mM KCl, 2.5 mM EGTA, 2.5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mM glucose-1-phosphate, and 1 mg/mL glycogen. Phosphate is measured at 620 nm, 20 minutes after the addition of 150 μL of 1 M HCl containing 10 mg/mL ammonium molybdate and 0.38 mg/mL malachite green. Increasing concentrations of CP-91149 are added to the assay in 5 μL of 14% DMSO.

Cell Research:[3]
  • Cell lines: HSF55 and T98G
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~50 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method: Cells are exposed to various concentrations of CP-91149 for 72hours. Viability is determined with manual cell counts following staining with trypan blue exclusion assay. Cells are fixed with 70% ethanol. DNA is stained with propidium iodide and the intensity of fluorescence is measured using a Becton-Dickinson flow cytometer at 488nm for excitation and at 650nm for emission. The cell cycle profile is analyzed using Modifit's Sync Wizard.
Animal Research:[1]
  • Animal Models: Obese, diabetic male C57BL/6J-Lep(ob/ob) mice and their lean, nondiabetic C57BL/6J-/+ littermates
  • Dosages: ~50 mg/kg
  • Administration: Orally

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 80 mg/mL
(200.06 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% methylcellulose+0.2% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

5 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 399.87


CAS No. 186392-40-5
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CN(C)C(=O)C(C(CC1=CC=CC=C1)NC(=O)C2=CC3=C(N2)C=CC(=C3)Cl)O

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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