For research use only.

Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S2717

3 publications

CP-91149 Chemical Structure

CAS No. 186392-40-5

CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.

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10mM (1mL in DMSO) EUR 108 In stock
EUR 68 In stock
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Selleck's CP-91149 has been cited by 3 publications

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  • C, experimental design illustrating the time points in which PYGL inhibitor CP-91149 (GPi) and 2DG were added to the groups depicted in D to J. D, representative images of cell invasion through the Boyden chamber from control, 2DG and recovery GBM1 treated with GPi or DMSO. E to G, comparison of the invasive capacity of EV or shG6PC in the presence or absence of GPi.

    Mol Cancer Res, 2014, 12(11):1547-59.. CP-91149 purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description CP-91149 is a selective glycogen phosphorylase (GP) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.13 μM in the presence of glucose, 5- to 10-fold less potent in the absence of glucose.
Glycogen phosphorylase (GP) [1]
0.13 μM
In vitro

CP-91149 displays 200-fold higher inhibitory activity against human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa) than caffeine (IC50 = 26 μM). CP-91149 (10-100 μM) inhibits glucagon-stimulated glycogenolysis in isolated rat hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner, and in primary human hepatocytes with IC50 of ~2.1 μM. [1] CP-91149 also potently inhibits the activities of human muscle phosphorylase a and b with IC50 of 0.2 μM and ~0.3 μM, respectively. CP-91149 treatment at 2.5 μM induces inactivation of phosphorylase and sequential activation of glycogen synthase in hepatocytes, and increases glycogen synthesis by 7-fold at 5 mM glucose and by 2-fold at 20 mM glucose. CP-91149 can partially counteract the effects of phosphorylase overexpression. [2] CP-91149 also potently inhibits brain GP with IC50 of 0.5 μM in A549 cells. CP-91149 treatment at 10-30 μM causes significant glycogen accumulation in A549 and HSF55 cells. CP-91149 treatment increases G1-phase cells with a significant reduction of the S-phase population in HSF55 cells, correlated with increased expression of p21 and p27. [3] CP-91149 also promotes the dephosphorylation and activation of GS (glycogen synthase) in non-engineered or GP-overexpressing cultured human muscle cells, but exclusively in glucose-deprived cells. [4]

In vivo Oral administration of CP-91149 to diabetic ob/ob mice at 25-50 mg/kg causes rapid (3 hours) glucose lowering by 100-120 mg/dl without producing hypoglycemia, resulting from inhibition of glycogenolysis in vivo. CP-91149 treatment does not lower glucose levels in normoglycemic, nondiabetic mice. [1] In the non-fasted Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, administration of CP-91149 in combination with CS-917 suppresses hepatic glycogen reduction by CS-917 and decreases plasma glucose more than single administration of CS-917. [5]


Kinase Assay:[1]
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Phosphorylase enzyme assay:

Human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (HLGPa, 85 ng) activity is measured in the direction of glycogen synthesis by the release of phosphate from glucose-1-phosphate at 22°C in 100 μL of buffer containing 50 mM Hepes (pH 7.2), 100 mM KCl, 2.5 mM EGTA, 2.5 mM MgCl2, 0.5 mM glucose-1-phosphate, and 1 mg/mL glycogen. Phosphate is measured at 620 nm, 20 minutes after the addition of 150 μL of 1 M HCl containing 10 mg/mL ammonium molybdate and 0.38 mg/mL malachite green. Increasing concentrations of CP-91149 are added to the assay in 5 μL of 14% DMSO.
Cell Research:[3]
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  • Cell lines: HSF55 and T98G
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~50 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method: Cells are exposed to various concentrations of CP-91149 for 72hours. Viability is determined with manual cell counts following staining with trypan blue exclusion assay. Cells are fixed with 70% ethanol. DNA is stained with propidium iodide and the intensity of fluorescence is measured using a Becton-Dickinson flow cytometer at 488nm for excitation and at 650nm for emission. The cell cycle profile is analyzed using Modifit's Sync Wizard.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
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  • Animal Models: Obese, diabetic male C57BL/6J-Lep(ob/ob) mice and their lean, nondiabetic C57BL/6J-/+ littermates
  • Dosages: ~50 mg/kg
  • Administration: Orally
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 80 mg/mL (200.06 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% methylcellulose+0.2% Tween 80
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
5 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 399.87


CAS No. 186392-40-5
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Smiles CN(C)C(=O)C(C(CC1=CC=CC=C1)NC(=O)C2=CC3=C(N2)C=CC(=C3)Cl)O

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID