For research use only.
Catalog No.S4752 Synonyms: 17-deoxycortisol, 11β,21-dihydroxyprogesterone
CAS No. 50-22-6
Corticosterone (NSC-9705, 17-deoxycortisol, 11β,21-dihydroxyprogesterone), the major stress hormone, is an adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid.
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|Description||Corticosterone (NSC-9705, 17-deoxycortisol, 11β,21-dihydroxyprogesterone), the major stress hormone, is an adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid.|
Corticosterone, via SGK phosphorylation of GDI at Ser-213, increases the formation of GDI-Rab4 complex, facilitating the functional cycle of Rab4 and Rab4-mediated recycling of AMPARs to the synaptic membrane. It enhances AMPAR-mediated miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) amplitude and surface expression of GluR1 and GluR2 subunits in hippocampal neurons, increases the surface mobility and synaptic content of AMPAR GluR2 subunits, and enhances L-type calcium currents in CA1 pyramidal neurons. Corticosterone operates through mineralocorticoid receptors and glucocorticoid receptors, both of which belong to the family of nuclear receptors that bind to response elements in the DNA, thus modifying the activity of responsive genes.
|In vivo||Corticosterone plays an important role in regulating neuronal functions of the limbic system. After stress, the level of stress hormones such as corticosterone is markedly increased. Corticosterone exerts a time- and region-specific action on cellular physiology of limbic neurons.|
|In vitro||DMSO||69 mg/mL (199.15 mM)|
|Ethanol||69 mg/mL warmed (199.15 mM)|
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|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
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|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04930471||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Metformin||Autistic Disorder||University Hospital Inselspital Berne|Lindenhofstiftung||June 2021||--|
|NCT02826278||Unknown status||Other: External genitalia measurements in female newborns||Newborn Genitalia||Hospices Civils de Lyon||October 2014||--|
|NCT01666314||Completed||Drug: Orteronel|Drug: Orteronel Placebo|Drug: Prednisone||Prostate Cancer||Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc.|Takeda||August 20 2012||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01186484||Completed||Drug: JNJ-212082||Prostatic Neoplasms||Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K.||June 1 2010||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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