Catalog No.S1540 Synonyms: BMS-477118
Molecular Weight(MW): 315.41
Saxagliptin is a selective and reversible DPP4 inhibitor with IC50 of 26 nM.
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Mean plasma concentration-time profiles of saxagliptin after oral administration of a test and a reference SPC formulation of saxagliptin/metformin XR tablet (5 mg/500 mg) to 10 healthy Chinese subjects. The inserted represented for the semi-log graph.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci, 2018, 1081-1082:109-117. Saxagliptin purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective DPP-4 Inhibitors
|Description||Saxagliptin is a selective and reversible DPP4 inhibitor with IC50 of 26 nM.|
Saxagliptin has an inhibition constant Ki of 1.3 nM for DPP4 inhibition, which is 10-fold more potent than either vildagliptin or sitagliptin (another two DPP4 inhibitors) with Ki of 13 and 18 nM. In addition, Saxagliptin demonstrates greater specificity for DPP4 than for either the DPP8 or DPP9 enzymes (400- and 75- fold, respectively). The active metablite of saxagliptin is two-fold less potent than the parent. Both Saxagliptin and its metabolite are highly selective (>4000-fold) for the prevention of DPP4 compared with a range of other proteases (selectivity of sitagliptin and vildagliptin for DPP4 is >2600 and <250-fold, respectively, compared with DPP8 and DPP9).  Saxagliptin reduces the degradation of the incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1, thereby enhancing its actions, and is associated with improved β-cell function and suppression of glucagon secretion. 
|In vivo||Maximal responses of Saxagliptin in glucose excursion in Zuckerfa/fa rats are associated with plasma DPP4 inhibition of approximately 60% vs. control, and no additional antihyperglycemic effects are seen at higher percent inhibition. Saxagliptin is highly effective at eliciting marked dose-dependent enhancements in glucose clearance in the dose range 0.13-1.3 mg/kg in ob/ob mice relative to controls. Saxagliptin dose-dependently elevate plasma insulin significantly at 15 min post-oGTT, with concomitant improvement in the glucose clearance curves at 60 min post-oGTT. |
|In vitro||DMSO||63 mg/mL (199.74 mM)|
|Water||63 mg/mL (199.74 mM)|
|Ethanol||24 mg/mL (76.09 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02462369||Unknown status||Drug: Saxagliptin|Drug: glimepiride||Microalbuminuria|Microalbuminuria /Creatinine Ratios ACR||The Second Hospital of Nanjing Medical University||June 2015||Phase 4|
|NCT02280486||Completed||Drug: Saxagliptin|Drug: Glimepiride||Type 2 Diabetes||The Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School|The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University|Zhongda Hospital|Nanjing PLA General Hospital|Changzhou No.2 People''s Hospital|The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University|Wuxi People''s Hospital|The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University|Huai''an First People''s Hospital||January 2015||Phase 4|
|NCT02307695||Unknown status||Drug: Saxagliptin|Drug: Insulin||Type 1 Diabetes||Nanjing Medical University||November 2014||Phase 4|
|NCT02223065||Completed||Drug: Saxagliptin|Drug: Dapagliflozin||Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus||AstraZeneca||September 2014||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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