Catalog No.S1677 Synonyms: Chloromycetin
Molecular Weight(MW): 323.13
Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic by inhibiting protein synthesis.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Anti-infection Inhibitors
|Description||Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic by inhibiting protein synthesis.|
Chloramphenicol results in a constitutive increase in the level of cspA transcript and constitutive production of CS7.4.  Chloramphenicol down-regulates the mitochondrial DNA-encoded Cox I protein, but not nuclear-encoded proteins. Chloramphenicol increases cellular levels of the p21(waf1/cip1) protein and p21(waf1/cip1) mRNA through a p53-independent pathway.  Chloramphenicol, at concentrations greater than 0.1 g/L (0.3 mM), inhibits the denitrifying enzyme activity (DEA) of slurries of humisol and sandy loam soils by disrupting the activity of existing nitrate reductase enzymes.  Chloramphenicol, at concentrations from 5 mM to 2 mM initiates apoptosis in dividing cells from a monkey kidney-derived cell line and in haematopoietic progenitor cells from human neonatal cord blood. Chloramphenicol suppresses growth of progenitor cells. 
|In vivo||Chloramphenicol results in increased t1/2(beta) (by 209%), and decreased ClB (by 45%), and prolonged recovery indices (by 768 to 946%) in greyhounds.  Chloramphenicol suppresses increases in the body weight and liver weight of experimental animals and at the same time induced a remarkable increase in lipid peroxidation in the liver during the formation of megamitochondria. Chloramphenicol-induced formation of megamitochondria is not simply ascribed to the suppression of the dividing process of mitochondria due to lowered protein synthesis in mitochondria but is intimately related to oxidative stress. |
-  Jiang W, et al. J Bacteriol, 1993, 175(18), 5824-5828.
-  Li CH, et al. J Biol Chem, 2005, 280(28), 26193-26199.
-  Murray RE, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol, 1999, 65(8), 3487-3492.
|In vitro||DMSO||65 mg/mL (201.15 mM)|
|Ethanol||65 mg/mL (201.15 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.