Catalog No.S2812

AT101 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 578.61

AT101, the R-(-) enantiomer of Gossypol acetic acid, binds with Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 with Ki of 0.32 μM, 0.48 μM and 0.18 μM in cell-free assays; does not inhibit BIR3 domain and BID. Phase 2.

Size Price Stock Quantity  
In DMSO USD 190 In stock
USD 147 In stock
USD 470 In stock
Bulk Discount

Free Overnight Delivery on orders over $ 500
Next day delivery by 10:00 a.m. Order now.

3 Customer Reviews

  • The cellular autophagy induced by the concentration of AT101 (5 μM) and APE1 siRNA was examined by confocal microscopy with the application of Cyto-IDr autophagy detection kit.

    Oncotarget, 2016, 7(23):34430-41. AT101 purchased from Selleck.

    (B and C) assessment of antimigration capacity in each group by transwell migration assay. Abbreviations: CDDP, cisplatin; DMSO, dimethyl sulfoxide.

    Drug Des Devel Ther, 2014, 8:2517-29.. AT101 purchased from Selleck.

  • AT-101 acts on Smo to inhibit Hh signaling pathway. F, BODIPYcyclopamine competition analysis. Photographs are representatives from three distinct experiments with identical results.

    Cancer Chemother Pharmacol, 2015, 76(3):461-9. . AT101 purchased from Selleck.

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Bcl-2 Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description AT101, the R-(-) enantiomer of Gossypol acetic acid, binds with Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 with Ki of 0.32 μM, 0.48 μM and 0.18 μM in cell-free assays; does not inhibit BIR3 domain and BID. Phase 2.
Mcl-1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
Bcl-2 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
Bcl-xL [1]
(Cell-free assay)
0.18 μM(Ki) 0.32 μM(Ki) 0.48 μM(Ki)
In vitro

AT-101 inhibits a panel of different lymphoproliferative malignancies with IC50 ranged from 1.2 μM to 7.4 μM. AT-101 (10 μM) disrupts the Δψm in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in a diffuse large B-cell and in mantle cell lymphoma lines. AT-101 (1 μM or 2 μM) combined with carfilzomib (6 nM or 10 nM) induces apoptosis in HBL-2 and Granta cell lines. [2] AT-101 (20 μM for 24 hours) results in a median 72% apoptosis and down-regulation of Mcl-1 in CLL lymphocytes in both suspension culture as well as stromal coculture. Stromal cells express undetectable levels of antiapoptotic but high levels of activated ERK and AKT proteins and has low or no apoptosis with AT-101. [3] AT-101 induces apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent fashion, with ED50 values of 1.9 mM and 2.4 mM in Jurkat T and U937 cells, respectively. AT-101 (10 μM) combined with radiation (32 Gy) induces more apoptosis than radiation alone and exceeds the sum of the effects caused by the single agent treatments. AT-101 activates SAPK/JNK in a dose- and time-dependent manner. [4] AT-101 (10 µM) induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-9, -3, and -7 in VCaP Cells. AT-101 (10 µM) decreases Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 expression in VCaP cells. [5] AT-101 (< 20 μM) is able to inhibit the growth of multiple myeloma cells despite the stimulatory growth effects provided by stromal cells in the bone marrow milieu. AT-101 (10 μM) induces apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells via the activation of caspases 3, caspases 9 and PARP. AT-101 (10 μM) promotes apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells by disrupting the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the mitochondrial membrane potential. [6]

In vivo AT-101 is still detectable in plasma with average concentrations of 0.49 μM for the 35 mg/kg group and 0.39 μM for the 200 mg/kg group in SCID beige mice bearing RL-DLBCL xenograft. AT-101 peak plasma concentration is observed after 30 minutes of administration of the drug in both the dose levels, with the 200 mg/kg group showing a plasma average concentration almost 4 times greater than the 35 mg/kg group (7.88 μM and 27.78 μM respectively) in SCID beige mice. AT-101 (25 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg, orally) indefinitely results in earlier onset of weight loss equivalent to more than 10% of the pretreatment weight and death in SCID beige mice. AT-101 (35 mg/kg, orally per day for 10 days) plus intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide (Cy) and intraperitoneal rituximab (R) show significantitumor volume control compared to any other treatment group. [2] AT-101 (15 mg/kg, p.o., 5 days/week) as a single agent in intact mice significantly reduces the development of VCaP tumor growth compared to untreated tumors at weeks 2 to 6. AT-101 in combination with surgical castration delays the onset of androgen-independent VCaP tumor growth compared to castration-only or AT-101-only groups in mice. [5]


Kinase Assay:[1]
+ Expand

Fluorescence-Polarization-Based Binding Assay:

For competitive binding experiments, Bcl-2 protein (40 nM) and FAM-Bid peptide (2.5 nM) are preincubated in the assay buffer (100 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5; 100 μg/mL bovine gamma globulin; 0.02% sodium azide, 5 μL of a solution in DMSO of AT101 is added to the Bcl-2/FAM-Bid solution in Dynex 96-well, black, round-bottom plates to produce a final volume of 125 μL. For each experiment, a control containing Bcl-2 and Flu-Bid peptide (equivalent to 0% inhibition), and another control containing only FAM-Bid, are included on eachassay plate. After 4 hours incubation, the polarization values in milipolarization units (mP) weremeasured at an excitation wavelength at 485 nm and an emission wavelength at 530 nm using the Ultra plate reader. IC50,the inhibitor concentration at which 50% of bound peptide is displaced, is determined from the plot using nonlinear leastsquares analysis and curve fitting performed using GraphPad Prizm 4 software. The unlabeled Bid BH3 peptide is used as the positive control. PF for Bcl-xL protein, Bak BH3 peptide labeled with 6-carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (FAM-Bak) instead of the FAM-Bim to maximize the signal. It is determined that FAM-Bak has a Kd of 6 nM to Bcl-xL protein. The competitive binding assay for Bcl-xL is same as that for Bcl-2 with the following exceptions. 30 nM of Bcl-xL protein and 2.5 nM of FAM-Bak peptide in the following assay buffer: 50 mM Tris-Bis, pH 7.4 and 0.01% bovine gamma globulin. PF for Mcl-1 protein, FAM-Bid peptide and human Mcl-1 protein are used. It is determined that FAM-Bid peptide binds to human Mcl-1 protein with a Kd of 1.71 nM. The competitive binding assays for Mcl-1 are performed in the same manner as that for Bcl-2 with the following exceptions. 5 nM Mcl-1 and 1 nM Flu-Bid peptide in the following assay buffer: 25 mM Tris, pH 8.0; 150 mM NaCl and 0.05% Pluronic acid
Cell Research:[2]
+ Expand
  • Cell lines: RL, H9, SKI, HBL-2, Granta and JJN-3 cell lines
  • Concentrations: ~10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method: Cells are counted and resuspended at an approximate concentration of 3×105 cells/well in a 24-well plate. AT-101 is diluted in DMSO that is maintained at a final concentration of less than 0.5%. Concentrations of AT-101 from 1 nM to 10 μM are used in most experiments. Following incubation at 37 ℃ in a 5% CO2 humidified incubator, 100 μL from each well is transferred to a 96-well opaque-walled plate; cell-Titer-Glo Reagent is added in a 1:1 ratio. Contents are mixed for 2 minutes on an orbital shaker to induce cell lysis. The plates are allowed to incubate at room temperature for 10 minutes before recording luminescence with a Synergy HT Multi-Detection Microplate Reader. In the schedule dependency experiments, serial dilutions of each drug are prepared in ratios relative to their IC50. Cells are preincubated with AT-101 for up to 72 hours, while 4-HC is added for a 24-hour period, being added at time 0, 24 hours, and 48 hours from the start of incubation. Each experiment is performed in triplicate and repeated at least twice.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[2]
+ Expand
  • Animal Models: SCID beige mice bearing RL-DLBCL xenograft
  • Formulation: 0.5% sodium carboxymethylcellulose
  • Dosages: 100 mg/kg
  • Administration: Oral gavage
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 116 mg/mL (200.48 mM)
Ethanol 89 mg/mL (153.81 mM)
Water Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 578.61


CAS No. 866541-93-7
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
    Molecular Weight

*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

  • C1

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
    C6=C5/X C6: LOG(C6):
    C7=C6/X C7: LOG(C7):
    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01633541 Active not recruiting Laryngeal Cancer University of Michigan Cancer Center March 2012 Phase 2
NCT01285635 Terminated Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN) University of Michigan Cancer Center June 2010 Phase 2
NCT00934076 Withdrawn Carcinoma Non Small Cell Lung University of Alabama at Birmingham|Ascenta Therapeutics February 2010 Phase 1
NCT00988169 Terminated Lung Cancer Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Ascenta Therapeutics September 2009 Phase 2
NCT00666666 Completed Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate|Stage IV Prostate Cancer National Cancer Institute (NCI) July 2009 Phase 2
NCT00571675 Completed Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer Ascenta Therapeutics October 2007 Phase 2

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3

If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

  • * Indicates a Required Field

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Question 1:

    Is S2812 (-)-gossypol or another enantiomer?

  • Answer:

    S2812 AT101 is R-(–)-gossypolacetic acid.

Bcl-2 Signaling Pathway Map

Bcl-2 Inhibitors with Unique Features

Related Bcl-2 Products4

Tags: buy AT101 | AT101 supplier | purchase AT101 | AT101 cost | AT101 manufacturer | order AT101 | AT101 distributor
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID