Luteolin

Catalog No.S2320

Luteolin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 286.24

Luteolin is a flavonoid found in Terminalia chebula, which is a non-selective phisphodiesterase PDE inhibitor for PDE1-5 with Ki of 15.0 μM, 6.4 μM, 13.9 μM, 11.1 μM and 9.5 μM, respectively. Phase 2.

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Cited by 2 Publications

1 Customer Review

  • Bioactive compounds inhibit recombinant HDAC activity. Recombinant HDACs were incubated with flavonoid Luteolin (C) for 2 h prior to the addition of cell permeable HDAC substrates. Luteolin inhibited activity of most classes I, IIa, and IIb HDAC isoforms.

    Mol Nutr Food Res, 2017, doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201600744. Luteolin purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description Luteolin is a flavonoid found in Terminalia chebula, which is a non-selective phisphodiesterase PDE inhibitor for PDE1-5 with Ki of 15.0 μM, 6.4 μM, 13.9 μM, 11.1 μM and 9.5 μM, respectively. Phase 2.
Targets
PDE2 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PDE5 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PDE4 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PDE3 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PDE1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
6.4 μM(Ki) 9.5 μM(Ki) 11.1 μM(Ki) 13.9 μM(Ki) 15.0 μM(Ki)
In vitro

Luteolin is a flavonoid found in Terminalia chebula, which is a non-selective phisphodiesterase PDE inhibitor for PDE1-5 with Ki of 15.0 μM, 6.4 μM, 13.9 μM, 11.1 μM and 9.5 μM, respectively. [1] Luteolin inhibits LPS-stimulated TNF-alpha production with an IC50 of less than 1 μM. Luteolin inhibites LPS-induced phosphorylation of Akt as well as IkappaBalpha. [2]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
mouse RAW264.7 cells MlHSSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MmfuNkBp NVXQVlFoUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDOU{Bxem:mdXP0bY9vKGmwIFzQV{1{fGmvdXzheIVlKG2xdYPlJHJCXzJ4ND63JINmdGy|IIDy[U1qdmO3YnH0[YQh\m:{IEKgbJJ{KGKnZn;y[UBNWFNic4TpcZVt[XSrb36g[o9zKDJ2IHjyd{BjgSCJcnnld5Mh[XO|YYmgcYV1cG:mLDDJR|UxRTBwMkGg{txO MV:yOVE4PjF6Nx?=
HEK293 FS cells MnrmSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MljqTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCQT2i0JIV5eHKnc4Pl[EBqdiCKRVuyPVMhTlNiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiSELPNkBxem:mdXP0bY9vKGK7IFiyU|IwXHm{L1zQU{Bie3OjeTygTWM2OD1yLki1JO69VQ>? NYWw[W5GOjB5M{GzOVc>
CHO cells M2XGfWZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NVTxdIlwSWexbnnzeEBi[3Srdnn0fUBifCC{YYSgSGFVKGW6cILld5Nm\CCrbjDDTG8h[2WubIOsJGVEPTB;MT60OUDPxE1? MXuyNFk4OTZ3MB?=
human MV4-11 cells Mn;3R5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 MlziO|IhcA>? MnS3R5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gUXY1NTFzIHPlcIx{KGijcnLvdolv\yCITGSzJI12fGG2aX;uJIFnfGW{IEeyJIhzeyCkeTD0[ZRz[XqxbHn1cUBj[XOnZDDFfkBEgVSxeDDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjc4PhfUwhT0l3ME2xMlc3KM7:TR?= NHTZbZIzOzRzMUC3Ny=>
HEK293 cells M2\UV2Z2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MWiyOEBp M{nSWGFod26rc4SgZYN1cX[rdImgZZQhdW:3c3WgVHBCWmejbX3hJIV5eHKnc4Pl[EBqdiCKRVuyPVMh[2WubIOgZ48u\XiycnXzd4lv\yC5aYToJGdidDRicnXwc5J1\XJidnXjeI9zKGGodHXyJFI1KGi{czDifUBlfWGuLXz1Z4ln\XKjc3WgdoVxd3K2ZYKgZZN{[XluIFXDOVA:Oi5|IN88US=> NXSwWZRmOjR7NUW4PFk>
human U2OS cells NVLjSIVLTnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= Mmj6OUBp MoXTRYdwdmm|dDDhZ5Rqfmm2eTDheEBIWFJ|NTDy[YNmeHSxcjDpckBpfW2jbjDVNm9UKGOnbHzzJINw\XiycnXzd4lv\yCJYXy0MXZROTZvVFXWJIF{e2W|c3XkJIF{KGKndHGgZZJz\XO2aX6geJJidnOub3PheIlwdiCjZoTldkA2KGi{czDifUBj\XSjIHzhZ5RidWG|ZTDy[ZBwenSncjDn[Y5mKGG|c3H5MEBGSzVyPUOuNkDPxE1? NIDOO5YzPDlyMES0Oy=>
RBL-2H3 cells NFS2Vm5HfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MXvJcohq[mm2b4L5JIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgTWwuPCCycn;keYN1cW:wIHnuJHJDVC1{SEOgZ4VtdHNid3HzJIRmfGW{bXnu[YQtKEmFNUC9N{44KM7:TR?= MUKxNlk2OTB7Mh?=
human mast cells NH20Z3RHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MUjJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKFO\SzDpckBpfW2jbjDtZZN1KGOnbHzzJIF{e2W|c3XkJIF{KHKnZIXjeIlwdiCrbjDtZZN1KGOnbHyg[IVoemGwdXzheIlwdixiRVO1NF01NjVizszN M4LV[|IzOjV5MkGz
human LNCAP cells M4iyW2Z2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MVnEc5dvemWpdXzheIlwdiCxZjDwdo9{fGG2ZTDzdIVkcW[rYzDhcpRq\2WwIIPlZ5JmfGmxbjDpckBpfW2jbjDMUmNCWCClZXzsd{whUUN3ME21JO69VQ>? MWKyOVAyQTR5OB?=
rat H9c2 cells MnHHSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? M3OxO|I1KGh? NIT0XJJEgXSxcILveIVkfGm4ZTDhZ5Rqfmm2eTDh[4FqdnO2IHTvfI9zfWKrY3nuMYlv\HWlZXSgZ5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGmwIILheEBJQWN{IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGGodHXyJFI1KGi{czDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZktKEWFNUC9OU42OyEQvF2= MYCyNFk{Ojd4Mh?=
human HT-29 cells MmXSSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? Ml\tNVAhdWmwcx?= M3HmO2Fod26rc4SgZYN1cX[rdImgZZQhT1CUM{WgdoVk\XC2b4KgbY4hcHWvYX6gTHQuOjliY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgNVAhdWmwczDifUBlgW6jbXnjJI1ie3NicnXkbZN1emmkdYTpc44h[XO|YYmsJGVEPTB;Nz6yOEDPxE1? NVjWSmt1OjR7MEC0OFc>
human RS4:11 cells MWjDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= MUi3NkBp NXjBVYdXS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiaIXtZY4hWlN2OkGxJINmdGy|IHjhdoJwemmwZzD3bYxlKHS7cHWgSmxVOyCjZoTldkA4OiCqcoOgZpkhfGW2cnH6c4xqfW1iYnHz[YQhTXpiQ4nUc5gh[2WubDD2bYFjcWyrdImgZZN{[XluIFfJOVA:Py5{NTFOwG0> NGrkWXQzOzRzMUC3Ny=>
NCI-H460 cells Ml74SpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? M1rseFIuOjBiaB?= Mnn3TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCDQlPHNkBmgHC{ZYPz[YQhcW5iaIXtZY4hVkOLLVi0OlAh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhcW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDQbGEh[WOldX31cIF1cW:wIHHmeIVzKDJidH:gNlAhcHK|IILlcIF1cX[nIITvJIZ2dWm2cnXtc5JocW5iQzygTWM2OD16Lkmg{txO M3rTeFIyOjd3M{i2
human H9 cells NUO1Nod2TnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= M2TrPVMh\GG7cx?= M3X4dmFvfGm4aYLhcEBi[3Srdnn0fUBi\2GrboP0JGhKXjFiM1KgbY5n\WO2ZXSgbY4hcHWvYX6gTFkh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhcW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjD2bZJidCC{ZYDsbYNifGmxbjDh[pRmeiB|IHThfZMh[nlicEK0JIFvfGmpZX6gZ4FxfHW{ZTDhd5NigSxiRVO1NF0yOCEQvF2= M3rDSVgyPThzNkS=
MDCK cells M4X6cGN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> NVHLe|dzS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiTVTDT{Bk\WyuczDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZktKEOFNUC9NVIvPDRizszN M2njOFE5PjRyMESy
mouse B16-4A5 cells M2LaRmZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MX:3NkBp M2LoeGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZidHjlc5BpgWyuaX7lMZN1cW23bHH0[YQhdWWuYX7v[4Vv\XOrczDpckBud3W|ZTDCNVYuPEF3IHPlcIx{KGGodHXyJFczKGi{czygTWM2OD1zNDFOwG0> MmDpNlAyQDl|OUm=
K562 cells MV3Hdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MXW1JIRigXN? MlXpS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gc4YhUzV4MjDj[YxteyCkeTDYWHQh[XO|YYmgZYZ1\XJiNTDkZZl{NCCLQ{WwQVE1NjZ3IN88US=> M4TmbFE4PDFzMEmy
human H9 cells M{TqfGN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> MljoN{Bl[Xm| MoHaR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTFkh[2WubIOgZYZ1\XJiMzDkZZl{NCCLQ{WwQVE3KM7:TR?= NYqyeVl1QDF3OEG2OC=>
human HT-29 cells MoXISpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MWGxNEBucW6| MWXE[ZNmdnOrdHn6ZZRqd25ib3[gS3BTOzVicnXj[ZB1d3JiaX6gbJVu[W5iSGStNlkh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhcW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjD6ZZBzcW6jc4StbY5lfWOnZDDkfY5idWmlIH3hd5MhemWmaYP0doljfXSrb36gZYZ1\XJiMUCgcYlveyxiSVO1NF0yQC54IN88US=> MUCyOFkxODR2Nx?=
human U937 cells NIrCfZJRem:uaX\ldoF1cW:wIHHzd4F6 MVq3NkBp MUDBcpRqeHKxbHnm[ZJifGm4ZTDhZ5Rqfmm2eTDh[4FqdnO2IHj1cYFvKFV7M{egZ4VtdHNiYX\0[ZIhPzJiaILzJIJ6KFeVVD24JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTJyIN88US=> MkjvNVcyPThyNUS=
mouse HT22 cells MnTCSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MkTGN{Bp NWP5S2N5VmW3cn;wdo91\WO2aY\lJIFkfGm4aYT5JIlvKG2xdYPlJGhVOjJiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNidD3CU29JNWmwZIXj[YQhfG:6aXPpeJkh[XRiNECgeW0heHKnaX7jeYJifGWmIH\vdkA{KGi{czDmc4xtd3enZDDifUB1NUKRT1igbY5lfWO2aX;uJI1m[XO3cnXkJIFnfGW{IEmgbJJ{KGK7IF3UWEBie3OjeR?= NEHJcm4zPDJ2NUmzPS=>
human THP1 cells NVfHXmo6TnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= MWCyNEDPxE1? MUGxJIg> MmHjSI94dnKnZ4XsZZRqd25ib3[gWHBCNWmwZIXj[YQhVk:[MjDtVm5CKGW6cILld5Nqd25iaX6gbJVu[W5iVFjQNUBk\WyuczDheEAzOCC3TTDpcoN2[mG2ZXSg[o9zKDFiaIKgdJJqd3JidH:gWHBCKGOqYXzs[Y5o\SCvZXHzeZJm\CCjZoTldkAzPCCqcoOgZpkhWlRvUFPSJIFv[Wy7c3nz NI\CepgzOzd6NkWyNC=>
MDA-MB-231 cells NY\IOWJJTnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= MX:1JO69VQ>? MkfGNVYhcA>? NHfqdIlKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIGDNRU1{fGmvdXzheIVlKE6ILXvhdJBiSiC|aXfuZYxqdmdiKIXub45wf25ib4Lp[4lvMSCneIDy[ZN{\WRiaX6gUWRCNU2ELUKzNUBk\WyuczDheEA2KHWPIHnuZ5Vj[XSnZDDmc5IhOTZiaILzJIJ6KGy3Y3nm[ZJie2VicnXwc5J1\XJiZ3Xu[UBie3OjeR?= NGnCOIIzPTF7MES2Oi=>
HL60 cells MoDDVJJwdGmoZYLheIlwdiCjc4PhfS=> NFrSWXU{OCEQvF2= M2XBRlQ5KGh? M4rC[2FvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgbJVu[W5iSFy2NEBk\WyuczDheEA{OCC3TTDh[pRmeiB2ODDodpMh[nliTWTTJIF{e2G7 M32xV|E5OjV6NESw

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot
FADD / PARP / Cleaved PARP ; 

PubMed: 30992674     


LN229 cells were exposed to luteolin (0, 10, 20, and 30 µM) for 24 hours; the levels of FADD, PARP, and cleaved PARP were then measured by Western blot analysis.

Caspase-3 / Cleaved Caspase-3 / Caspase-8 / Cleaved Caspase-8 ; 

PubMed: 30992674     


LN229 cells were exposed to luteolin (0, 10, 20, and 30 µM) for 24 hours; the levels of Caspase-8, cleaved Caspase-8, Caspase-3, and cleaved Caspase-3 were measured by Western blot analysis. 

ERK / p-ERK / JNK / p-JNK / p38 / p-p38 / Bax / Bcl-2 ; 

PubMed: 30992674     


LN229 cells were treated with luteolin (0, 10, 20, and 30 µM) for 24 hours, and Western blot analysis was performed to measure the expression levels of ERK, P-ERK, JNK, P-JNK, p38, P-p38, Bax, and Bcl-2. 

p-VEGFR2 / p-mTOR / pS6K1 / p70S6K1 / pAKT / AKT / MMP-2 / MMP-9 ; 

PubMed: 23300633     


Luteolin suppressed the activation of VEGFR2 and their downstream signaling pathway triggered by VEGF in HUVECs. Proteins from different treatments was tested by Western blotting and probed with specific antibodies. Experiments were repeated for three times. 

p21 / Survivin / Cyclin D1; 

PubMed: 30930986     


Total protein was isolated from control and luteolin-treated MDA-MB-231 cells, and subjected to immunoblotting of p21, Survivin and cyclin D1 proteins. Membranes were stripped and re-probed with anti-GAPDH antibody to ensure equal protein loading. p21 was upregulated, whereas Survivin and cyclin D1 were downregulated in MDA-MB-231 cell in a dose-dependent manner. *P<0.05 vs. the control group (0 µM luteolin); #P<0.05 vs. the 10 µM luteolin group.

DNMT1 / DMNT3A / DNMT3B ; 

PubMed: 30988303     


Cells were treated with various concentrations (0–60 μM) of luteolin for 48 h Western blot analysis was performed using antibodies against DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B.

TET1 / TET2 / TET3 ; 

PubMed: 30988303     


Cells were treated with various concentrations (0–60 μM) of luteolin for 48 h Western blot analysis was performed using antibodies against TET1, TET2, and TET3.

30992674 23300633 30930986 30988303
Immunofluorescence
5-hmC ; 

PubMed: 30988303     


Formation of 5-hmC by TETs was assessed using confocal imaging.

30988303
Growth inhibition assay
Cell viability; 

PubMed: 30992674     


(B) LN229 cells were incubated with different concentrations of luteolin for 24 and 48 hours, and then the cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay. (C) U251 cells were incubated with different concentrations of luteolin for 24 and 48 hours, and then the cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay. (D) HEB cells were incubated with different concentrations of luteolin for 24 and 48 hours, and then the cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay.

30992674
In vivo LD50: Mice >2500mg/kg (i.g.) [3]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 57 mg/mL (199.13 mM)
Ethanol 3 mg/mL warmed (10.48 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 286.24
Formula

C15H10O6

CAS No. 491-70-3
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Question 1:

    Would you please suggest a suitable vehicle to dissolve Luteolin for in vivo i.p. use?

  • Answer:

    Formula: 5% DMSO+40% PEG 300+5% Tween80+ddH2O, working Solution concentration: up to 7.5mg/ml, stable for 30min.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID