Dacinostat (LAQ824)

Catalog No.S1095 Synonyms: NVP-LAQ824

Dacinostat (LAQ824) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 379.459

Dacinostat (LAQ824) is a novel HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 32 nM and is known to activate the p21 promoter.

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In DMSO USD 420 In stock
USD 320 In stock
USD 970 In stock
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4 Customer Reviews

  • Class I selective HDACi have the highest INS-1 rescue potential . INS-1 cells were monitored using the real-time xCELLigence system h and the impedance (cell adhesion) was measured as a surrogate of cell viability (cell index) as described in the Methods. (a ) The impedance of duplicates of control (green line), cytokine-exposed (red line) and cytokine+ITF-J-exposed INS-1 cells (blue line) was followed from the start of exposure (indicated by the arrow). Heat maps of 13 different ITF HDAC inhibitor compounds ( b )orsix different commercial HDAC inhibitor compounds (c) were made based on their IC50 values towards selected HDACs . The HDACi inhibitors are ranked after rescue potential according to ESM Tables 1, 2 .( c) Values are corrected for differences in potency since they varied from 33.3 (CI-994) to 0.041 (LAQ824). (d ) Colour code for both heat maps: low IC50 values coloured red, intermediate IC50 values coloured black and high IC50 values coloured blue; grey indicates undetermined IC50.

    Diabetologia 2012 55(9), 2421-31. Dacinostat (LAQ824) purchased from Selleck.

    Analyses of efficacy, potency and IC50 of HDAC inhibitors point toward HDACs 1–3 as relevant candidates for beta cell protection. Ranking and raw data on ITF drugs (Table 3) and commercial HDAC inhibitors (Table 4) underlying the heat maps of Fig. 1 (A and B). The HDAC inhibitor compounds were tested using a HDAC activity kit and recombinant proteins to determine IC50 values on each individual HDAC (right part of the table). Each drug was further tested using Real-Time Cell Analysis (RTCA) to score their maximal effective concentration (ECmax) as well as the corresponding rescue percentage of cytokine treated INS-1 cells. The drugs were ranked according to % rescue. * DMSO alone controls were included in each experiment, but not shown here. The results indicate that the highest concentrations of DMSO used here (1:1,000) were slightly potentiating the proliferation of the cells. The effects observed in this group of compounds were ascribed to the DMSO.?

    Diabetologia 2012 55(9), 2421-2431. Dacinostat (LAQ824) purchased from Selleck.

  • Mice received intrathecally injected vehicle or  LAQ824 at indicated dose 30 min before unilateral injection of CFA. Paw withdrawal latency was measured before injections as baseline, and after CFA injections as hyperalgesia response.

     

     

    Mol Pain 2010 6, 51. Dacinostat (LAQ824) purchased from Selleck.

    Western blot analysis of Acetyl-H3 and H3. 0-10μM LAQ824 was added.

     

     

    2010 Dr. Zhang of Tianjin Medical University. Dacinostat (LAQ824) purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description Dacinostat (LAQ824) is a novel HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 32 nM and is known to activate the p21 promoter.
Targets
HDAC [1]
32 nM
In vitro

LAQ824 activates the expression of the gene encoding the p21 cell cycle inhibitor by activating the p21 promoter with 50% of the maximal promoter activation (AC50) of 0.30 μM. LAQ824 inhibits the cell growth of both H1299, a non-small cell lung carcinoma line, and HCT116, a colon cancer cell line with IC50 of 0.15 μM and 0.01 μM, respectively, and the antiproliferative effect of LAQ824 is selective toward the tumor cell lines while inducing only growth arrest in normal fibroblasts. Furthermore, LAQ824 induces a dose-dependent increase of p21 protein in A549 cells and an increase in the hypophosphorylated state of the Rb tumor suppressor. [1] A recent study shows that LAQ824 induces chromatin changes at the level of the IL-10 gene promoter that lead to enhanced recruitment of the transcriptional repressors HDAC11 and PU.1 and inhibits IL-10 production in BALB/c murine macrophages. [2]

In vivo In HCT116 and human colon tumor xenografts in nude mice, LAQ824 treatment at 100 mg/kg produces the inhibitory effects on tumor growth in a dose-dependent mode without general cytotoxicity. [1]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[1]
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In Vitro Histone Deacetylase Assay:

HDAC enzymes are partially purified from H1299 cell lysate by ion exchange chromatography using the Q Sepharose Fast Flow column. Enzyme complexes are collected from 500 mg of total cell lysate by immunoprecipitation with cdk2 polyclonal antibody or cdk1/cdc2 monoclonal antibody. Immunoprecipitates are resuspended in kinase buffer (50 mM Hepes, pH 8, 10 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM EDTA, 1 mM dithiothreitol, 20 mM ATP, 10 mM β-glycerophosphate, 0.1 mM NaVO4, 1 mM sodium fluoride, 50 mM ATP, 10 μCi of [γ-32P]ATP) along with 1 μg of pRb recombinant protein substrate (cdk2) or 10 mL of H1 histone mixture containing 20 μg of substrate (cdc2). Phosphorylated Rb and H1 histone are resolved by electrophoresis and quantitated using a PhosphorImager.
Cell Research:[1]
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  • Cell lines: H1299, HCT116, DU145, PC3 and MDA435 cells
  • Concentrations: 0-10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 48 hours
  • Method: Cell proliferation is measured using an adaptation of published procedures (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfonyl)-2H-tetrazolium assay). The cells are seeded in 12-well dishes and cultured in RPMI 1640 containing 10% FBS. The cells are cultured in the presence of various concentrations of TSA (up to 1,000 ng/mL). To examine the growth inhibition by TSA, viable cell numbers are determined by trypan blue dye exclusion, counted in a Nesbauer-type hemocytometer for 0 hour, 24 hours, and 48 hours. The same amount of ethanol is added to the RPMI 1640 medium as the control experiment. All experiments are performed in duplicate and repeated 3 times The average background value (treatment with medium alone) is subtracted from each experimental well; triplicate values are averaged for each compound dilution. The following formulas are used to calculate the percentage of growth: If X0, %Growth=(X-T0)/T0*100; If X>T0, %Growth=(X-T0)/(GC-T0)*100. where T0 is the average value of T0 − background, GC is the average value of untreated cells (in triplicate) − background, and X is the average value of compound-treated cells (in triplicate)-background. The “% Growth” is plotted against compound concentration and used to calculate the IC50 using the linear regression techniques between data points to predict the concentration of compounds at 50% inhibition.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
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  • Animal Models: HCT116 cells is injected s.c. into the right axillary (lateral) region of outbred athymic (nu/nu) female mice.
  • Formulation: LAQ824 is dissolved in DMSO.
  • Dosages: ≤100 mg/kg
  • Administration: Administered via i.v.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 76 mg/mL (200.28 mM)
Water slightly soluble or insoluble
Ethanol slightly soluble or insoluble
In vivo Add solvents individually and in order:
1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80
30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 379.459
Formula

C22H25N3O3

CAS No. 404951-53-7
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms NVP-LAQ824

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID