Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl

Catalog No.S1096

Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl is a novel second-generation HDAC inhibitor with highest potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.11 nM in a cell-free assay, modest potent to HDACs 2, 4, 10, and 11; greater than 30-fold selectivity against HDACs 3, 5, 8, and 9 and lowest potency to HDACs 6 and 7. Phase 2.

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Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl Chemical Structure

Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 467.39

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Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl is available in the following compound libraries:

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Product Description

Biological Activity

Description Quisinostat (JNJ-26481585) 2HCl is a novel second-generation HDAC inhibitor with highest potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.11 nM in a cell-free assay, modest potent to HDACs 2, 4, 10, and 11; greater than 30-fold selectivity against HDACs 3, 5, 8, and 9 and lowest potency to HDACs 6 and 7. Phase 2.
Targets HDAC1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HDAC2 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HDAC11 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
HDAC10 [1]
(Cell-free assay)

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IC50 0.11 nM 0.33 nM 0.37 nM 0.46 nM
In vitro JNJ-26481585 exhibits broad spectrum antiproliferative activity in solid and hematologic cancer cell lines, such as all lung, breast, colon, prostate, brain, and ovarian tumor cell lines, with IC50 ranging from 3.1-246 nM, which is more potent than vorinostat, R306465, panobinostat, CRA-24781, or mocetinostat in various human cancer cell lines tested. [1] A recent study shows that JNJ-26481585 promotes myeloma cell death at low nanomolar concentrations by resulting in Mcl-1 depletion and Hsp72 induction. [2]
In vivo In an HDAC1-responsive A2780 ovarian tumor screening model, JNJ-26481585 dosing at its maximal tolerated dose (10 mg/kg i.p. and 40 mg/kg p.o.) for 3 days leads to an HDAC1-regulated fluorescence , which predicts tumor growth inhibition. Furthermore, JNJ-26481585 also shows more potent inhibitory effects on the growth of C170HM2 colorectal liver metastases than 5-fluorouracil/Leucovorin. [1]
Features An orally bioavailable, second-generation, hydroxamic acid-based HDAC inhibitor.

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay: [1]

HDAC activity assays In all cases, full-length HDAC proteins are expressed using baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells. In addition, HDAC3 is coexpressed as a complex with human NCOR2. For assessing activity of HDAC1-containing cellular complexes, immunoprecipitated HDAC1 complexes are incubated with an [3H]acetyl- labeled fragment of histone H4 peptide [biotin-(6-aminohexanoic)Gly-Ala-(acetyl[3H])Lys-Arg-His-Arg-Lys-Val-NH2] in a total volume of 50μL enzyme assay buffer (25mM HEPES (pH 7.4), 1 M sucrose, 0.1 mg/mL BSA and 0.01% (v/v) Triton X-100). Incubation is performed for 45 minutes at 37 °C (immunoprecipitates) or 30 min at room temperature. Before addition of substrate, HDAC inhibitors are added at increasing concentrations and preincubated for 10 minutes at room temperature. After incubation, the reaction is quenched with 35μL stop buffer (1 M HCl and 0.4 M acetic acid). Released [3H]acetic acid is extracted with 800μL ethyl acetate and quantified by scintillation counting. Equal amounts of HDAC1 are immunoprecipitated as indicated by Western blot analysis. HDAC1 activity results are presented as mean ± SD of three independent experiments on a single lysate.

Cell Assay: Cell proliferation assays

Cell lines NCL-H2106, Colo699 and LNCAP cells
Concentrations 0-300 nM
Incubation Time 24 hours
Method All cell lines are obtained from American Type Culture Collection and cultured according to instructions. The effect of HDAC inhibitors on cell proliferation is measured using an MTT. Proliferation of non–small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines is assessed using an Alamar Blue–based assay. For proliferation of hematologic cell lines, cells are incubated for 72 hours and the cytotoxic activity is evaluated by MTS assay. Data are presented as mean IC50 or IC40 ± SD of at least three independent experiments.

Animal Study: [1]

Animal Models HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells are injected s.c. into the inguinal region of athymic male NMRI nu/nu mice, C170HM2 cell suspensions are injected into the peritoneal cavity of male MFI nude mice.
Formulation JNJ-26481585 is formulated at 2 mg/mL in 20% hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (final pH 8.7).
Dosages ≤10 mg/kg
Administration Administered via both p.o. and i.p.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)0.020.151.80.40.0810
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.150.050.020.5
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] Arts J, et al. Clin Cancer Res, 2009, 15(22), 6841-6851.

[2] Stühmer T, et al. Br J Haematol 2010, 149(4), 529-536

Clinical Trial Information( data from http://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2016-07-30)

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor
/Collaborators
Start Date Phases
NCT02728492 Completed Non-small Cell Lung Cancer|Epithelial Ovarian Cancer NewVac LLC|Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium August 2013 Phase 1
NCT01486277 Active, not recruiting Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous Janssen Research & Development, LLC November 2011 Phase 2
NCT00676728 Terminated Advanced or Refractory Leukemia|Myelodysplastic Syndromes Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development,  ...more Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. December 2008 Phase 1
NCT00677105 Completed Lymphoma|Neoplasms Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development,  ...more Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.|Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V., Belgium August 2007 Phase 1

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight (MW) 467.39
Formula

C21H28Cl2N6O2

CAS No. 875320-31-3
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
6 months-80℃in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 79 mg/mL (169.02 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
Ethanol <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 15% Captisol 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name N-hydroxy-2-(4-(((1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylamino)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyrimidine-5-carboxamide dihydrochloride

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Question 1
    I was thinking of resuspending the powder in 10% hydroxy-propyl-β-cyclodextrin, 25mg/ml mannitol, in sterile water (final pH 8.7). Is this a good vehicle to use? What is the solubility of this chemical in such a vehicle?

    Answer: This vehicle can be used for in vivo studies. The following papers also used this vehicle: 1. http://www.nature.com/leu/journal/v23/n10/full/leu2009121a.html; 2. http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/69/13/5307.long (The solvent contains 10% hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin, 0.8% HCl (0.1 N), 0.9 % NaOH (0.1 N), 3.4% mannitol and pyrogen-free water). The solubility is 2mg/ml.

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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