Molecular Weight(MW): 358.48
Pracinostat (SB939) is a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 40-140 nM with exception for HDAC6. It has no activity against the class III isoenzyme SIRT I. Phase 2.
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Hyperacetylation of P. falciparum proteins by SB939. Synchronous 3D7 trophozoite-stage P. falciparum parasites were treated with 50 or 500 nM chloroquine (CQ), SAHA, or SB939 or with vehicle only (control; 0.05% DMSO) for 3 h. Following saponin lysis, parasite protein lysates were prepared and SDS-PAGE and Western blotting carried out using anti-acetyl H4 or anti-pan-acetyl lysine (K103) antibodies. Coomassie blue staining was carried out as a loading control.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2012 56(7), 3849-56. Pracinostat (SB939) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Pracinostat (SB939) is a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 40-140 nM with exception for HDAC6. It has no activity against the class III isoenzyme SIRT I. Phase 2.|
|Features||A new histone deacetylase inhibitor based on hydroxamic acid, with improved physicochemical, pharmaceutical, and pharmacokinetic properties.|
SB939 has a 100-fold greater selectivity for HDACs than for Zn-binding non-HDAC enzymes, receptors, and ion channels. SB939 is a potent inhibitor of HDAC class I isoenzymes, HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3 and HDAC8 with the IC50 values ranging from 43 nM to 140 nM. SB939 inhibits HDAC class II isoenzymes , HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC7, HDAC9 and HDAC10 significantly with the IC50 values ranging from 40 nM to 137 nM, with the exception of HDAC6 which shows IC50 of 1008 nM. It markedly inhibits HDAC11 of the HDAC class IV enzymes with IC50 of 93 nM, but shows no inhibitory activity against SIRT 1 of the class III HDACs. SB939 shows significant antiproliferative activity against a wide variety of tumor cell lines, especially Leukemia cells and cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma cells with IC50 values ranging from 50 nM (H9 cells) to 170 nM (HEL92.1.7 cells). 
|In vivo||Administration of SB939 (25 mg/kg to 100 mg/kg) displays a dose-dependent antitumor efficacy in a xenograft mice model of human colorectal cancer (HCT-116). This is approximately twice as efficacious as SAHA: SB939 causing a tumor growth inhibition of 94% versus 48% by SAHA with both at the maximum tolerated dose. Oral administration of SB939 at a dose of 50 mg/kg or 75 mg/kg in the APCmin genetic mice model of early-stage colon cancer markedly reduces the number of tumors , decreases cumulative hemocult scores and increases hematocrit values more effectively than 5-fluorouracil. |
HDAC enzyme assay:All recombinant HDAC enzymes, with the exception of SIRT1, are cloned and expressed in S*BIO. The reaction mix containing 2.5 or 5 μL of the HDAC isoenzyme, assay buffer (25 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5; 137 mM NaCl; 2.7 mM KCl, 1 mM MgCl2 and 1 mg/mL BSA), different concentrations of SB939, and the fluorogenic deacetylase substrate Flour de LysTM in a total reaction volume of 33 μL is incubated at room temperature for 2 hours. 16 μL of Flour de LysTM developer is added and incubated for an additional 10 minutes. The emitted light is measured at 460 nm in a microplate reader. IC50 values are generated using the XLfit software.
|In vitro||DMSO||72 mg/mL (200.84 mM)|
|Ethanol||27 mg/mL (75.31 mM)|
|In vivo||1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02118909||Completed||Healthy Volunteers|Non-smokers||MEI Pharma, Inc.||May 2014||Phase 1|
|NCT02058784||Completed||Healthy Volunteers|Moderate to Heavy Smokers|Non-smokers||MEI Pharma, Inc.|Celerion||February 2014||Early Phase 1|
|NCT01993641||Completed||Myelodysplastic Syndrome|MDS||MEI Pharma, Inc.||December 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01912274||Active, not recruiting||Acute Myeloid Leukemia||MEI Pharma, Inc.||October 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01873703||Active, not recruiting||Myelodysplastic Syndrome||MEI Pharma, Inc.||June 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01200498||Completed||Myeloproliferative Disorders||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|S*BIO||November 2010||Phase 2|
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