Tubastatin A HCl
Molecular Weight(MW): 371.86
Tubastatin A HCl is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective (1000-fold more) against all other isozymes except HDAC8 (57-fold more).
Cited by 6 Publications
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Control and MEC17 KD macrophages (RAW264.7) were treated with TBSA or DMSO for 12 hours followed by LPS treatment for indicated time. p38 phosphorylation were determined by immuno-blotting.
Nat Commun 2014 5, 3479. Tubastatin A HCl purchased from Selleck.Tubastatin A geﬁtinib-induced apoptosis in NSCLC cells via activation of AKT. H358 cells were treated as described in Figure 4. Representative immunoblots of cleaved caspase-3, AKT and ERK1/2 and of their respective phosphorylated forms are shown. Actin was used as a protein-level control.
Int J Cancer 2014 134(11):2560-71. Tubastatin A HCl purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Tubastatin A HCl is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective (1000-fold more) against all other isozymes except HDAC8 (57-fold more).|
Tubastatin A is substantially selective for all 11 HDAC isoforms and maintains over 1000-fold selectivity against all isoforms excluding HDAC8, where it has approximately 57-fold selectivity. In homocysteic acid (HCA) induced neurodegeneration assays, Tubastatin A displays dose-dependent protection against HCA-induced neuronal cell death starting at 5 μM with near complete protection at 10 μM.  At 100 ng/mL Tubastatin A increases Foxp3+ T-regulatory cells (Tregs) suppression of T cell proliferation in vitro.  Tubastatin A treatment in C2C12 cells would lead to myotube formation impairment when alpha-tubulin is hyperacetylated early in the myogenic process; however, myotube elongation occurs when alpha-tubulin is hyeperacetylated in myotubes.  A recent study indicates that Tubastatin A treatment increases cell elasticity as revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) tests without exerting drastic changes to the actin microfilament or microtubule networks in mouse ovarian cancer cell lines, MOSE-E and MOSE-L. 
|In vivo||Daily treatment of Tubastatin A at 0.5mg/kg inhibits HDAC6 to promote Tregs suppressive activity in mouse models of inflammation and autoimmunity, including multiple forms of experimental colitis and fully major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-incompatible cardiac allograft rejection. |
Enzyme Inhibition Assays:Enzyme inhibition assays are performed by the Reaction Biology Corporation, Malvern, PA, using the Reaction Biology HDAC Spectrum platform. (www.reactionbiology.com) The HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 assays use isolated recombinant human protein; HDAC3/NcoR2 complex is used for the HDAC3 assay. Substrate for HDAC1, 2, 3, 6, 10, and 11 assays is a fluorogenic peptide from p53 residues 379-382 (RHKKAc); substrate for HDAC8 is fluorogenic diacyl peptide based on residues 379-382 of p53 (RHKAcKAc). Acetyl-Lys (trifluoroacetyl)-AMC substrate is used for HDAC4, 5, 7, and 9 assays. Tubastatin A is dissolved in DMSO and tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 30 μM. Control Compound Trichostatin A (TSA) is tested in a 10-dose IC50 with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 5 μM. IC50 values are extracted by curve-fitting the dose/response slopes.
|In vitro||DMSO||74 mg/mL (198.99 mM)|
|In vivo||1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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