Catalog No.S1422 Synonyms: NS 41080
Molecular Weight(MW): 243.69
Droxinostat is a selective inhibitor of HDAC, mostly for HDACs 6 and 8 with IC50 of 2.47 μM and 1.46 μM, greater than 8-fold selective against HDAC3 and no inhibition to HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, and 10.
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Chemical inhibition of HDAC3, -6, and -8 with the selective HDAC inhibitor Droxinostat (2 uM) resulted in a significant increase in the percent of 2D10 cells expressing GFP in cells that had been depleted of HDAC3 but not HDAC1 or -2. (*p<0.05).
PLoS One 2014 9(8), e102684. Droxinostat purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Droxinostat is a selective inhibitor of HDAC, mostly for HDACs 6 and 8 with IC50 of 2.47 μM and 1.46 μM, greater than 8-fold selective against HDAC3 and no inhibition to HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, and 10.|
|Features||Selective inhibitor of HDAC3, HDAC6,and HDAC8.|
Droxinostat is originally identified as a sensitizer of PPC-1 cells to FAS and TRAIL by downregulating the expression of c-Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1-converting enzyme-like inhibitory protein (c-FLIP).  In PPC-1 cells cultured in suspension but not adherent conditions, Droxinostat (20 μM–60 μM) sensitizes cells to anoikis by initially activating caspase 8 with subsequent activation of the mitochondrial pathway. Similarly, Droxinostat also sensitizes other cancer cell lines including PC-3, DU-145, T47D, and OVCAR-3, but not LNCaP or MB-MDA-468, to anoikis or CH-11-induced apoptosis.  However, the direct targets of Droxinostat remains enigma until recently. It is revealed that in histone deacetylases (HDAC) isoform 1-10, Droxinostat selective inhibits HDAC3, 6, and 8, with IC50 values of 16.9 μM, 2.47 μM, and 1.46 μM, respectively, without inhibiting other HDAC members (IC50 > 20 μM).  In MCF-7 breast cancer cells, Droxinostat (10 μM–100 μM) sensitizes cells to apoptosis by decreasing c-FLIPL and c-FLIPS expression, reducing cell survival, and inducing apoptosis. 
|In vivo||In SCID mice models, Droxinostat (30 μM)-treated PPC-1 cells results in decreased distant tumor formation than untreated cells. |
HDAC Inhibition Assay:HDAC inhibition is assessed using the CycLex HDACs fluorometric assay according to the manufacturer's protocol and using crude nuclear extract from HeLa cells (principally HDAC1 and HDAC2). The relative activity is expressed as (fluorescence intensity of treated samples/fluorescence intensity of controls) × 100
|In vitro||DMSO||49 mg/mL (201.07 mM)|
|Ethanol||49 mg/mL (201.07 mM)|
|In vivo||30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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