SU 9516 is a 3-substituted indolinone CDK inhibitor with IC50 of 22 nM, 40 nM, and 200 nM for CDK2, CDK1, and CDK4, respectively.
RO-3306 is an ATP-competitive, and selective CDK1 inhibitor with Ki of 20 nM, >15-fold selectivity against a diverse panel of human kinases.
Purvalanol A is a potent, and cell-permeable CDK inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM, 70 nM, 35 nM, and 850 nM for cdc2-cyclin B, cdk2-cyclin A, cdk2-cyclin E, and cdk4-cyclin D1, respectively.
Palbociclib (PD-0332991) HCl
Palbociclib (PD-0332991) HCl is a highly selective inhibitor of CDK4/6 with IC50 of 11 nM/16 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It shows no activity against CDK1/2/5, EGFR, FGFR, PDGFR, InsR, etc. Phase 3.
Features:Non-cytotoxic, and halts cancer cell growth & could be used in glioblastoma that has relapsed after temozolomide treatment (a chemotherapeutic used to treat many cancers).
Palbociclib (PD0332991) Isethionate
Palbociclib (PD0332991) Isethionate is a highly selective inhibitor of CDK4/6 with IC50 of 11 nM/16 nM in cell-free assays. It shows no activity against CDK1/2/5, EGFR, FGFR, PDGFR, InsR, etc. Phase 3.
Features:The 1st specific inhibitor for CDK4/6 to show promise in multiple cancers.
Dinaciclib (SCH727965) is a novel and potent CDK inhibitor for CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and CDK9 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM, 3 nM and 4 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It also blocks thymidine (dThd) DNA incorporation. Phase 3.
Flavopiridol (Alvocidib) HCl
Flavopiridol HCl competes with ATP to inhibit CDKs including CDK1, CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of ~ 40 nM in cell-free assays. It is 7.5-fold more selective for CDK1/2/4/6 than CDK7. Flavopiridol is initially found to inhibit EGFR and PKA. Phase 1/2.
Roscovitine (Seliciclib, CYC202) is a potent and selective CDK inhibitor for Cdc2, CDK2 and CDK5 with IC50 of 0.65 μM, 0.7 μM and 0.16 μM in cell-free assays. It shows little effect on CDK4/6. Phase 2.
Ribociclib (LEE011) is an orally available, and highly specific CDK4/6 inhibitor. Phase 3.
SNS-032 (BMS-387032) has firstly been described as a selective inhibitor of CDK2 with IC50 of 48 nM in cell-free assays and is 10- and 20-fold selective over CDK1/CDK4. It is also found to be sensitive to CDK7/9 with IC50 of 62 nM/4 nM, with little effect on CDK6. Phase 1.