Catalog No.S2742 Synonyms: CAY10572
Molecular Weight(MW): 249.7
PHA-767491 is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.
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|Description||PHA-767491 is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.|
|Features||The first inhibitor that directly affects the mechanisms controlling initiation as opposed to elongation in DNA replication.|
PHA-767491 displays approximately 20-fold selectivity for Cdk1, Cdk2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity for MK2 and Cdk5 and 100-fold selectivity for PLK1 and CHK2. PHA-767491 inhibits cell proliferation in a variety of human cell lines with IC50 of 0.86 μM for SF-268 to 5.87 μM for K562, and significantly induces apoptosis in a p53-independent manner in almost all cell lines in contrast with 5-FU or gemcitabine which only works in a few of cell lines. Unlike current DNA synthesis inhibitors, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM blocks the initiation of DNA replication but not replication fork progression, due to specific inhibition of Cdc7 kinase and Mcm2 phosphorylation at the Cdc7-dependent Ser40 site.  The up-regulated Mcl-1 levels in ABT-737-resistant OCI-LY1 and SU-DHL-4 cells can be significantly decreased by PHA-767491 treatment at 3 μM possibly due to the inhibition of Cdk9, leading to the restoration of the sensitivity to ABT-737.  The direct mitochondrial dependent pro-apoptosis effect of PHA-767491 is also observed when applied at 1 μM in quiescent chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells through the similar mechanism with EC50 of 0.34-0.97 μM. While in proliferating CLL cells stimulated by CD154 and interleukin-4, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM abolishes DNA synthesis by inhibiting Cdc7 rather than triggering cell death. 
|In vivo||Administration of PHA-767491 twice a day for 5 days significantly inhibits the growth of HL60 xenograft in a dose-dependent manner with TGI of 50% and 92% at dose of 20 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg, respectively, the effect of which is also marked in A2780, Mx-1, and HCT-116 xenograft models as well as the DMBA-induced mammary carcinomas, and correlates with Cdc7 inhibition and subsequently decreased phosphorylation of Mcm2 at the Cdc7-dependent site Ser40 |
In vitro kinase assays:The inhibition of Cdc7 and Cdk9 by PHA-767491 (IC50) is determined using the strong anion exchanger (Dowex 1-X8 resin, formate form)-based assay. For each enzyme, the absolute Km values for ATP and the specific substrate are initially determined, and each assay is then run at optimized ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix (2Km) and substrate (5Km) concentrations. Cdc7 kinase assay is performed in a buffer containing 50 mM Hepes pH 7.9, 15 mM MgCl2, 2 mM β- glycerylphosphate, 0.2 mg/mL BSA, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km Mcm2 (aa 10-294), 37 nM of recombinant Cdc7/Dbf4 and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. Cdk9 kinase assay is performed using 50 nM of recombinant Cdk9/cyclin T in 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km RNA polymerase CDT peptide and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. After incubation, an amount of 150 μL of resin/formate (pH 3.0) is added to stop the reaction and capture unreacted 33P-γ-ATP, separating it from the phosphorylated substrate in solution. After 1 hour of rest, a volume of 50 μL supernatant is transferred to Optiplate 96-well plates. After the additon of 150 μL of Microscint 40, the radioactivity is counted in the TopCount.
|In vitro||DMSO||24 mg/mL (96.11 mM)|
|In vivo||1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80||30 mg/mL|
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