PHA-767491

Catalog No.S2742 Synonyms: CAY10572

PHA-767491 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 249.7

PHA-767491 is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.

Size Price Stock Quantity  
In DMSO USD 120 In stock
USD 90 In stock
USD 370 In stock

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  • Leukemia, 2015, 29(8):1702-12.. PHA-767491 purchased from Selleck.

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Notes:

2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.

Biological Activity

Description PHA-767491 is a potent ATP-competitive dual Cdc7/CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 34 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.It displays ~20-fold selectivity against CDK1/2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity against MK2 and CDK5, 100-fold selectivity against PLK1 and CHK2.
Features The first inhibitor that directly affects the mechanisms controlling initiation as opposed to elongation in DNA replication.
Targets
Cdc7 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
CDK9 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
GSK-3β [1]
(Cell-free assay)
CDK2 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
CDK1 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
10 nM 34 nM 220 nM 240 nM 250 nM
In vitro

PHA-767491 displays approximately 20-fold selectivity for Cdk1, Cdk2 and GSK3-β, 50-fold selectivity for MK2 and Cdk5 and 100-fold selectivity for PLK1 and CHK2. PHA-767491 inhibits cell proliferation in a variety of human cell lines with IC50 of 0.86 μM for SF-268 to 5.87 μM for K562, and significantly induces apoptosis in a p53-independent manner in almost all cell lines in contrast with 5-FU or gemcitabine which only works in a few of cell lines. Unlike current DNA synthesis inhibitors, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM blocks the initiation of DNA replication but not replication fork progression, due to specific inhibition of Cdc7 kinase and Mcm2 phosphorylation at the Cdc7-dependent Ser40 site. [1] The up-regulated Mcl-1 levels in ABT-737-resistant OCI-LY1 and SU-DHL-4 cells can be significantly decreased by PHA-767491 treatment at 3 μM possibly due to the inhibition of Cdk9, leading to the restoration of the sensitivity to ABT-737. [2] The direct mitochondrial dependent pro-apoptosis effect of PHA-767491 is also observed when applied at 1 μM in quiescent chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells through the similar mechanism with EC50 of 0.34-0.97 μM. While in proliferating CLL cells stimulated by CD154 and interleukin-4, PHA-767491 treatment at 5 μM abolishes DNA synthesis by inhibiting Cdc7 rather than triggering cell death. [3]

In vivo Administration of PHA-767491 twice a day for 5 days significantly inhibits the growth of HL60 xenograft in a dose-dependent manner with TGI of 50% and 92% at dose of 20 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg, respectively, the effect of which is also marked in A2780, Mx-1, and HCT-116 xenograft models as well as the DMBA-induced mammary carcinomas, and correlates with Cdc7 inhibition and subsequently decreased phosphorylation of Mcm2 at the Cdc7-dependent site Ser40 [1]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[1]
+ Expand

In vitro kinase assays:

The inhibition of Cdc7 and Cdk9 by PHA-767491 (IC50) is determined using the strong anion exchanger (Dowex 1-X8 resin, formate form)-based assay. For each enzyme, the absolute Km values for ATP and the specific substrate are initially determined, and each assay is then run at optimized ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix (2Km) and substrate (5Km) concentrations. Cdc7 kinase assay is performed in a buffer containing 50 mM Hepes pH 7.9, 15 mM MgCl2, 2 mM β- glycerylphosphate, 0.2 mg/mL BSA, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km Mcm2 (aa 10-294), 37 nM of recombinant Cdc7/Dbf4 and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. Cdk9 kinase assay is performed using 50 nM of recombinant Cdk9/cyclin T in 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM Na3VO4, 2Km ATP/33P-γ-ATP mix, 5Km RNA polymerase CDT peptide and increasing concentration of PHA-767491 in a final volume of 30 μL, and incubated for 1 hour at 25 °C. After incubation, an amount of 150 μL of resin/formate (pH 3.0) is added to stop the reaction and capture unreacted 33P-γ-ATP, separating it from the phosphorylated substrate in solution. After 1 hour of rest, a volume of 50 μL supernatant is transferred to Optiplate 96-well plates. After the additon of 150 μL of Microscint 40, the radioactivity is counted in the TopCount.
Cell Research:[1]
+ Expand
  • Cell lines: HeLa, MCF7, HCT-116, U2OS, A2780, K562, SF-539, SF-268, Ovcar8, SW480, COLO205, HCT-15, Jurkat, PC3, and NHDF
  • Concentrations: Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~ 20 μM
  • Incubation Time: 24 or 72 hours
  • Method: Cells are exposed to PHA-767491 for 24 or 72 hours. Cells are lysed and the ATP content in the well, used as a measure of viable cells, is determined using a thermostable firefly luciferase–based assay. Activation of caspase-3 and caspase-7 is measured as a ratio between treated sample and untreated control with a luciferase-based assay, containing a specific proluminescent substrate. DNA replication is measured as incorporation of nucleotide analog BrdU into DNA by flow cytometry.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
+ Expand
  • Animal Models: Female SCID mice subcutaneously implanted with HL60 cells, male Hsd, athymic nu-nu mice subcutaneously implanted with HCT116 cells, A2780 or Mx-1 cells, and female Sprague-Dawley rats with DMBA-induced mammary carcinomas
  • Formulation: Dissolved in DMSO, and diluted in saline
  • Dosages: ~50 mg/kg
  • Administration: Intravenous or oral administration twice a day
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 24 mg/mL (96.11 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
Ethanol <1 mg/mL
In vivo 1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80 30 mg/mL

* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 249.7
Formula

C12H11N3O.HCl

CAS No. 942425-68-5
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms CAY10572

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID