Molecular Weight(MW): 633.69
Golvatinib (E7050) is a dual c-Met and VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM and 16 nM, does not inhibit bFGF-stimulated HUVEC growth (up to 1000 nM). Phase 1/2.
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|Description||Golvatinib (E7050) is a dual c-Met and VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM and 16 nM, does not inhibit bFGF-stimulated HUVEC growth (up to 1000 nM). Phase 1/2.|
In vitro studies indicate that E7050 potently inhibits phosphorylation of both c-Met and VEGFR-2. E7050 also potently represses the growth of both c-met amplified tumor cells and endothelial cells stimulated with either HGF or VEGF.  E7050 circumvents resistance to all of the reversible, irreversible, and mutant-selective EGFR-TKIs induced by exogenous and/or endogenous HGF in EGFR mutant lung cancer cell lines, by blocking the Met/Gab1/PI3K/Akt pathway in vitro. E7050 also prevents the emergence of gefitinib-resistant HCC827 cells induced by continuous exposure to HGF. 
|In vivo||In vivo studies using E7050 shows inhibition of the phosphorylation of c-Met and VEGFR-2 in tumors, and strong inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis in xenograft models. Treatment of some tumor lines containing c-met amplifications with high doses of E7050 (50–200 mg/kg) induces tumor regression and disappearance. In a peritoneal dissemination model, E7050 shows an antitumor effect against peritoneal tumors as well as a significant prolongation of lifespan in treated mice.  In another xenograft model research, tumors produced by HGF-transfected Ma-1 (Ma-1/HGF) cells are more angiogenic than vector control tumors and shows resistance to ZD1839. E7050 alone inhibits angiogenesis and retards growth of Ma-1/HGF tumors. E7050 combined with ZD1839 induces marked regression of tumor growth. |
Western blot analysis:The phosphorylation status of c-Met and VEGFR-2 is detected by Western blot analysis. For c-Met, MKN45 cells are incubated with a serial dilution of E7050 in complete medium at 37 °C for 2 h. For VEGFR-2, HUVEC are starved with human endothelial serum free medium containing 0.5% FBS for 24 h. Subsequently HUVEC are incubated with a serial dilution of E7050 for 1 h and then incubated with 20 ng/mL of human VEGF for 5 min. Cells are lysed by lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES [pH 7.4], 150 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol, 1% Triton X-100, 1.5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EDTA [pH 8.0], 100 mM NaF, 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 10 μg/mL aprotinin, 50 μg/mL leupeptin, and 1 μg/mL pepstatin A). The resected tumor samples are homogenized with lysis buffer containing 25 mM β-glycerophosphate and 0.5% (v/v) phosphatase inhibitor cocktail 2 at 4 °C. Cellular debris is removed by centrifugation at 17 860g for 20 min at 4 °C. Aliquots of the supernatants containing 5-20 μg of protein are subjected to SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions. The proteins are then transferred onto PVDF membranes, blocked with TBS containing 0.05% Tween-20 and either 5% skim milk or 5% BSA. The membranes are probed with the following antibodies: anti-c-Met polyclonal antibody (C-28) and anti-VEGFR-2 polyclonal antibody (C-20); mouse anti-phosphotyrosine clone 4G10; and anti-VEGFR-2 polyclonal antibody, anti-phospho-VEGFR-2 (Tyr996) polyclonal antibody, and anti-phospho-c-Met (Tyr1234/1235) polyclonal antibody. Detection is performed using a Super Signal enhanced chemiluminescence kit. Immunoreactive bands are visualized by chemiluminescence with an Image Master-VDS-CL detection system. The intensity of each band is measured by using an image analyzer.
|In vitro||DMSO||20 mg/mL (31.56 mM)|
|In vivo||30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W||30 mg/mL|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01355302||Terminated||Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors|Previously Untreated Gastric Cancer||Eisai Inc.|Quintiles, Inc.||November 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01433991||Active, not recruiting||Advanced Solid Tumors||Eisai Inc.||October 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01428141||Completed||Solid Tumor|Gastric Cancer||Eisai Co., Ltd.|Eisai Inc.||September 2011||Phase 1|
|NCT01332266||Unknown status||Platinum-Resistant Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck||Eisai Inc.|PharmaBio Development Inc.||May 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02533102||Completed||Healthy Subjects||Eisai Limited|Eisai Inc.||November 2010||Phase 1|
|NCT00921869||Completed||Solid Tumors||Eisai Co., Ltd.|Eisai Inc.||October 2009||Phase 1|
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