Molecular Weight(MW): 633.69
Golvatinib (E7050) is a dual c-Met and VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM and 16 nM, does not inhibit bFGF-stimulated HUVEC growth (up to 1000 nM). Phase 1/2.
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|Description||Golvatinib (E7050) is a dual c-Met and VEGFR-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM and 16 nM, does not inhibit bFGF-stimulated HUVEC growth (up to 1000 nM). Phase 1/2.|
In vitro studies indicate that E7050 potently inhibits phosphorylation of both c-Met and VEGFR-2. E7050 also potently represses the growth of both c-met amplified tumor cells and endothelial cells stimulated with either HGF or VEGF.  E7050 circumvents resistance to all of the reversible, irreversible, and mutant-selective EGFR-TKIs induced by exogenous and/or endogenous HGF in EGFR mutant lung cancer cell lines, by blocking the Met/Gab1/PI3K/Akt pathway in vitro. E7050 also prevents the emergence of gefitinib-resistant HCC827 cells induced by continuous exposure to HGF. 
|In vivo||In vivo studies using E7050 shows inhibition of the phosphorylation of c-Met and VEGFR-2 in tumors, and strong inhibition of tumor growth and tumor angiogenesis in xenograft models. Treatment of some tumor lines containing c-met amplifications with high doses of E7050 (50–200 mg/kg) induces tumor regression and disappearance. In a peritoneal dissemination model, E7050 shows an antitumor effect against peritoneal tumors as well as a significant prolongation of lifespan in treated mice.  In another xenograft model research, tumors produced by HGF-transfected Ma-1 (Ma-1/HGF) cells are more angiogenic than vector control tumors and shows resistance to ZD1839. E7050 alone inhibits angiogenesis and retards growth of Ma-1/HGF tumors. E7050 combined with ZD1839 induces marked regression of tumor growth. |
Western blot analysis:The phosphorylation status of c-Met and VEGFR-2 is detected by Western blot analysis. For c-Met, MKN45 cells are incubated with a serial dilution of E7050 in complete medium at 37 °C for 2 h. For VEGFR-2, HUVEC are starved with human endothelial serum free medium containing 0.5% FBS for 24 h. Subsequently HUVEC are incubated with a serial dilution of E7050 for 1 h and then incubated with 20 ng/mL of human VEGF for 5 min. Cells are lysed by lysis buffer (50 mM HEPES [pH 7.4], 150 mM NaCl, 10% glycerol, 1% Triton X-100, 1.5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EDTA [pH 8.0], 100 mM NaF, 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 10 μg/mL aprotinin, 50 μg/mL leupeptin, and 1 μg/mL pepstatin A). The resected tumor samples are homogenized with lysis buffer containing 25 mM β-glycerophosphate and 0.5% (v/v) phosphatase inhibitor cocktail 2 at 4 °C. Cellular debris is removed by centrifugation at 17 860g for 20 min at 4 °C. Aliquots of the supernatants containing 5-20 μg of protein are subjected to SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions. The proteins are then transferred onto PVDF membranes, blocked with TBS containing 0.05% Tween-20 and either 5% skim milk or 5% BSA. The membranes are probed with the following antibodies: anti-c-Met polyclonal antibody (C-28) and anti-VEGFR-2 polyclonal antibody (C-20); mouse anti-phosphotyrosine clone 4G10; and anti-VEGFR-2 polyclonal antibody, anti-phospho-VEGFR-2 (Tyr996) polyclonal antibody, and anti-phospho-c-Met (Tyr1234/1235) polyclonal antibody. Detection is performed using a Super Signal enhanced chemiluminescence kit. Immunoreactive bands are visualized by chemiluminescence with an Image Master-VDS-CL detection system. The intensity of each band is measured by using an image analyzer.
|In vitro||DMSO||20 mg/mL (31.56 mM)|
|Water||slightly soluble or insoluble|
|Ethanol||slightly soluble or insoluble|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01355302||Terminated||Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors|Previously Untreated Gastric Cancer||Eisai Inc.|Quintiles, Inc.||November 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01433991||Active, not recruiting||Advanced Solid Tumors||Eisai Inc.||October 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01428141||Completed||Solid Tumor|Gastric Cancer||Eisai Co., Ltd.|Eisai Inc.||September 2011||Phase 1|
|NCT01332266||Unknown status||Platinum-Resistant Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck||Eisai Inc.|PharmaBio Development Inc.||May 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02533102||Completed||Healthy Subjects||Eisai Limited|Eisai Inc.||November 2010||Phase 1|
|NCT00921869||Completed||Solid Tumors||Eisai Co., Ltd.|Eisai Inc.||October 2009||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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