CYC116

Catalog No.S1171

CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.

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CYC116 Chemical Structure

CYC116 Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 368.46

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Product Information

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  • Research Area
  • Inhibition Profile
  • CYC116 Mechanism

Product Description

Biological Activity

Description CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.
Targets Aurora A [1] Aurora B [1] VEGFR2 [1] FLT3 [1]

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IC50 8 nM(Ki) 9 nM(Ki) 44 nM(Ki) 44 nM(Ki)
In vitro The most Aurora-selective CYC116 shows inhibitory effect on Aurora A and B kinases 50-fold more potently than any of the CDKs assayed. [1] CYC116 is initially screened against a panel of human leukemia and solid tumor cell lines using an MTT antiproliferative assay. The results show that CYC116 has broad-spectrum antitumor activity and shows specific cytotoxicity against the acute myelogenous leukemia cell line MV4-11 with IC50 of 34 nM. [1] In addition, anti-proliferative activity of CYC116 is found to be associated with Aurora A and B modulation such as, inhibition of Aurora autophosphorylation, reduction of histone H3 phosphorylation, polyploidy, followed by cell death, resulting from a failure in cytokinesis. [1]
In vivo Mice bearing subcutaneous NCI-H460 xenografts are given CYC116 orally for 5 days, at dose levels of 75 and 100 mg/kg q.d. It leads to tumor growth delays of 2.3 and 5.8 days, which translated into specific growth delays of 0.32 and 0.81, respectively. [1]
Features An orally bioavailable, small molecule inhibitor of Aurora kinase/VEGFR2.

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay: [1]

Kinase Assays Aurora A kinase assays are performed using a 25 μL reaction volume (25 mM β-glycerophosphate, 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 5 mM EGTA, 1 mM DTT, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 μg of kemptide (peptide substrate)). Recombinant Aurora A kinase is diluted in 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 8, containing 0.5 mg/mL BSA, 2.5% glycerol, and 0.006% Brij-35. Reactions are started by the addition of 5 μL Mg/ATP mix (15 mM MgCl2, 100 μM ATP, with 18.5 kBq γ-32P-ATP per well) and incubated at 30°C for 30 minutes before termination with 25 μL of 75 mM H3PO4. Aurora B kinase assays are performed like Aurora A except that prior to use, Aurora B is activated in a separate reaction at 30°C for 60 minutes with inner centromere protein.

Cell Assay:

[1]

Cell lines HeLa, MCF7, MV4-11 and A2780 cells
Concentrations 0-10 μM
Incubation Time 72 or 96 hours
Method

Standard MTT assays are performed. In short, cells are seeded into 96-well plates according to doubling time and incubated overnight at 37°C. Test compounds are made up in DMSO, a 3-fold dilution series is prepared in 100 μL of cell medium, added to cells (in triplicates) and incubated for 72 or 96 hours at 37°C. MTT is made up as a stock of 5 mg/mL in cell medium, and the solution is filter-sterilized. Medium is removed from the cells followed by a wash with PBS. MTT solution is then added at 20 μL/well and incubated in the dark at 37°C for 4 hours. MTT solution is removed and cells are again washed with 200 μL of PBS. MTT dye is solubilized with 200 μL/well of DMSO by agitation. Absorbance is read at 540 nm and data analyzed using curve-fitting software to determine IC50 values.

Animal Study:

[1]

Animal Models NCI-H460 cells are implanted intraperitoneally into the mice.
Formulation CYC116 is dissolved in DMSO and then diluted in water.
Dosages 75 and 100 mg/kg
Administration Administered via p.o.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)0.020.151.80.40.0810
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.150.050.020.5
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] Wang S, et al. J Med Chem. 2010, 53(11), 4367-4378.

Clinical Trial Information( data from http://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2016-07-30)

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor
/Collaborators
Start Date Phases
NCT00560716 Terminated Solid Tumors Cyclacel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. June 2007 Phase 1

Chemical Information

Download CYC116 SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 368.46
Formula

C18H20N6OS

CAS No. 693228-63-6
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
6 months-80℃in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 24 mg/mL warming (65.13 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
Ethanol <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name 4-(2-amino-4-methylthiazol-5-yl)-N-(4-morpholinophenyl)pyrimidin-2-amine

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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