Molecular Weight(MW): 368.46
CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||CYC116 is a potent inhibitor of Aurora A/B with Ki of 8.0 nM/9.2 nM, is less potent to VEGFR2 (Ki of 44 nM), with 50-fold greater potency than CDKs, not active against PKA, Akt/PKB, PKC, no effect on GSK-3α/β, CK2, Plk1 and SAPK2A. Phase 1.|
|Features||An orally bioavailable, small molecule inhibitor of Aurora kinase/VEGFR2.|
The most Aurora-selective CYC116 shows inhibitory effect on Aurora A and B kinases 50-fold more potently than any of the CDKs assayed.  CYC116 is initially screened against a panel of human leukemia and solid tumor cell lines using an MTT antiproliferative assay. The results show that CYC116 has broad-spectrum antitumor activity and shows specific cytotoxicity against the acute myelogenous leukemia cell line MV4-11 with IC50 of 34 nM.  In addition, anti-proliferative activity of CYC116 is found to be associated with Aurora A and B modulation such as, inhibition of Aurora autophosphorylation, reduction of histone H3 phosphorylation, polyploidy, followed by cell death, resulting from a failure in cytokinesis. 
|In vivo||Mice bearing subcutaneous NCI-H460 xenografts are given CYC116 orally for 5 days, at dose levels of 75 and 100 mg/kg q.d. It leads to tumor growth delays of 2.3 and 5.8 days, which translated into specific growth delays of 0.32 and 0.81, respectively. |
Kinase Assays:Aurora A kinase assays are performed using a 25 μL reaction volume (25 mM β-glycerophosphate, 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 7.5, 5 mM EGTA, 1 mM DTT, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 μg of kemptide (peptide substrate)). Recombinant Aurora A kinase is diluted in 20 mM Tris/HCl, pH 8, containing 0.5 mg/mL BSA, 2.5% glycerol, and 0.006% Brij-35. Reactions are started by the addition of 5 μL Mg/ATP mix (15 mM MgCl2, 100 μM ATP, with 18.5 kBq γ-32P-ATP per well) and incubated at 30°C for 30 minutes before termination with 25 μL of 75 mM H3PO4. Aurora B kinase assays are performed like Aurora A except that prior to use, Aurora B is activated in a separate reaction at 30°C for 60 minutes with inner centromere protein.
|In vitro||DMSO||24 mg/mL (65.13 mM) warming|
|In vivo||1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00560716||Terminated||Solid Tumors||Cyclacel Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||June 2007||Phase 1|
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