CHIR-99021 (CT99021)

Catalog No.S1263

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 465.34

CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.

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1 Customer Review

  • For MTT assays, cells (2,000 ~ 5,000 cells/well) were subcultured into 96-well plates according to their growth properties. Cell proliferation was assayed at 72 hr after treatment of CHIR-99021 by adding 20 μl of 5 mg/ml 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) solution per 100 μl of growth medium. After incubating for 3-4 h at 37°C, the media were removed and 150 µl/well of MTT solvent (either absolute DMSO or isopropanol containing 4 mM HCl and 0.1% Nonidet-40) was added to dissolve the formazan. The absorbance of each well was measured by ELx808 (BioTek, Winooski, VT) or Wallac Victor2 (Perkin-Elmer Life Sciences, Boston, MA) Microplate Reader. Viable cells are presented as percent of control, vehicle-treated cells. 

    Dr. Yong-Weon Yi from Georgetown University Medical Center. CHIR-99021 (CT99021) purchased from Selleck.

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Choose Selective GSK-3 Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description CHIR-99021 (CT99021) is a GSK-3α and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and 6.7 nM, respectively. CHIR99201 does not exhibit cross-reactivity against cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and shows a 350-fold selectivity toward GSK-3β compared to CDKs.
Targets
GSK-3β [1]
(Cell-free assay)
GSK-3α [1]
(Cell-free assay)
6.7 nM 10 nM
In vitro

CHIR-99021 shows greater than 500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 versus its closest homologs CDC2 and ERK2, as well as other protein kinases. Furthermore, CHIR-99021 shows only weak binding to a panel of 22 pharmacologically relevant receptors and little inhibitory activity against a panel of 23 nonkinase enzymes. CHIR-99021 induces the activation of glycogen synthase (GS) in insulin receptor-expressing CHO-IR cells with EC50 of 0.763 μM[1].

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human SW982 cell MnnvS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NYK4cINbUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCVV{m4NkBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVIyPC5zNjDuUU4> M3vHcnNCVkeHUh?=
human GCT cell M{X0Umdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NGOwXIpKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEeFVDDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOwOk44OiCwTT6= MofzV2FPT0WU
human 769-P cell M4XyOGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MW\Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJFc3QS2SIHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;NUi0Mlk6KG6PLh?= NHm0SlJUSU6JRWK=
human LOXIMVI cell NXT1b3NCT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NHTadHVKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEyRWFnNWmkh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02QDhwM{Kgcm0v NHjKb|JUSU6JRWK=
human D-336MG cell NWHSN|IyT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= MoL4TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBFNTN|Nl3HJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9PFQ3NjJibl2u NIrwTYVUSU6JRWK=
human S-117 cell NFyzW2lIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= MYrJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHMuOTF5IHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;OUKxMlMyKG6PLh?= M1m0[XNCVkeHUh?=
human D-247MG cell NUL0fo5uT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= M3rOTWlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hTC1{NEfNS{Bk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVk1QC53MjDuUU4> MoD4V2FPT0WU
human TYK-nu cell MYLHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M4DNS2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hXFmNLX71JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NU4xPzlizszNMi=> MoXPV2FPT0WU
human A498 cell Mn\nS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? M4nUSmlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSTR7ODDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUGuN{DPxE1w MVHTRW5ITVJ?
human HepG2 cells NF75ZlRHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= M4TsWVMhcA>? M4CxXGlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiR2PLN{1j\XSjIHnuJIh2dWGwIFjldGczKGOnbHzzJIF{e2W|c3XkJIF{KGmwY3;ydI9z[XSrb36gc4YhYzOKXXfseYNwe2ViaX70c{BodHmlb3flckBi\nSncjCzJIhzeyCkeTDsbZF2cWRic3PpcpRqdGyjdHnvckBkd3WwdHnu[y=> NF;MUIozOjJ4MUCyNy=>
human BCPAP cell Mnv2S5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MV;Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGJEWEGSIHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MT62O{DPxE1w Mlu1V2FPT0WU
human KYSE-180 cell MWrHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NX7jOZpyUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCNWWPFMVE5OCClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTFwN{Og{txONg>? NUT3Vm9LW0GQR1XS
human MIA-PaCa-2 cell MnPES5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? NXvwcnAzUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCPSVGtVIFE[S1{IHPlcIwh\3Kxd4ToJIlvKGFiY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MT63OkDPxE1w NFHpOHNUSU6JRWK=
human HCC1395 cell M2\IVGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NH\weVZKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKEiFQ{GzPVUh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0yNjd6IN88UU4> NH62bGxUSU6JRWK=
human RS4-11 cell NVjWPGlJT3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= M4Pwe2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hWlN2LUGxJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NU46PSEQvF2u MUHTRW5ITVJ?
human NCI-H2122 cell MVfHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NETVb3VKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE6FST3INlEzOiClZXzsJIdzd3e2aDDpckBiKGOnbHygeoli[mmuaYT5JIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTJwMkig{txONg>? MoGzV2FPT0WU
human SNU-423 cell MVLHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MlHQTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBUVlVvNEKzJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZnwxIxiSVO1NF0zNjVizszNMi=> NUHOS3E5W0GQR1XS
human SK-LMS-1 cell M1v0Xmdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NETsfVNKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKFONLVzNV{0yKGOnbHyg[5Jwf3SqIHnuJIEh[2WubDD2bYFjcWyrdImgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:Oi54NDFOwG0v Mk\mV2FPT0WU
human RPMI-7951 cell MlHZS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? MX\Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJHJRVUlvN{m1NUBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F697zOIFnDOVA:Oi55IN88UU4> M4nTb3NCVkeHUh?=
human COLO-829 cell MUXHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MmrXTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBEV0yRLUiyPUBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVIvPzZ3NDFOwG0v NHHIOFRUSU6JRWK=
human SCC-9 cell MoiwS5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZZN{[Xl? Ml;mTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBUS0NvOTDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUKuPVUh|ryPLh?= M1fYOnNCVkeHUh?=
human A704 cell NEHuNHBIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= M2frU2lvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSTdyNDDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOuNFgyOiEQvF2u NFHzTnVUSU6JRWK=
human HOP-62 cell M2DCS2dzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MYTJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJGhQWC14MjDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOuN|YxPTRizszNMi=> M3GwRXNCVkeHUh?=
human HCC1569 cell NXzzS212T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= Mnq2TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBJS0NzNU[5JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{41QDNyNTFOwG0v MXjTRW5ITVJ?
human A172 cell MVHHdo94fGhiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? NUnQXZFTUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCDMUeyJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{44PTR7ODFOwG0v NFf4NoVUSU6JRWK=
human MOLT-16 cell M1nrN2dzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NEXpXphKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE2RTGStNVYh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0{Njh6NUW2JO69VS5? MWPTRW5ITVJ?
human TE-15 cell NVrCTFNET3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= MmfITY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBVTS1zNTDj[YxtKGe{b4f0bEBqdiCjIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUOuPVU{PDNizszNMi=> MXvTRW5ITVJ?
human OE19 cell NIP6RXpIem:5dHigbY5pcWKrdHnvckBie3OjeR?= NVXTUXVVUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCRRUG5JINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9N{46PjR3MTFOwG0v NWnzZ|R7W0GQR1XS
human MHH-ES-1 cell M13VNmdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MX\Jcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKGi3bXHuJG1JUC2HUz2xJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE4xPDV2NTFOwG0v M2\HT3NCVkeHUh?=
human NKM-1 cell M1z4SGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NGKzXoRKdmirYnn0bY9vKG:oIHj1cYFvKE6NTT2xJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE4yOzl5MTFOwG0v MWTTRW5ITVJ?
human RCC10RGB cell M4KwTWdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MlLyTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBTS0NzMGLHRkBk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVQvOjl2N{mg{txO M2m4UXNCVkeHUh?=
human BxPC-3 cell M3XvWWdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 M1Xs[WlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hSniSQz2zJINmdGxiZ4Lve5RpKGmwIHGgZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9OE44ODN7MTFOwG0v MkWwV2FPT0WU
human ALL-PO cell NXrqcWU5T3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[XO|YYm= NUj4cXpKUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCDTFytVG8h[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF01Njh|OEW4JO69VS5? MnPBV2FPT0WU
human SK-OV-3 cell M3HyTGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 M2nkWWlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZiaIXtZY4hW0tvT2[tN{Bk\WyuIHfyc5d1cCCrbjDhJINmdGxidnnhZoltcXS7IHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVQvQTl|NDFOwG0v M3[0U3NCVkeHUh?=
human SW1710 cell M1jGcGdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NUXwWnZLUW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjDoeY1idiCVV{G3NVAh[2WubDDndo94fGhiaX6gZUBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02NjR{NEW2JO69VS5? NVu3NWdTW0GQR1XS

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

In vivo Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 30 mg/kg enhances glucose metabolism in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes, with a maximal plasma glucose reduction of nearly 150 mg/dl 3-4 hours after administration, while plasma insulin remains at or below control levels. Oral administration of CHIR-99021 at 16 or 48 mg/kg 1 hour before oral glucose challenges in ZDF rats significantly improves glucose tolerance with 14% and 33% reduction in plasma glucose at 16 mg/kg and 48 mg/kg, respectively, and the higher dose of CHIR-99021 also reduces hyperglycemia before the oral glucose challenge[1].

Protocol

Cell Research:

[1]

+ Expand
  • Cell lines: Insulin receptor–expressing CHO-IR cells; Primary rat hepatocytes
  • Concentrations: 0.01-10 μM
  • Incubation Time: 30 min
  • Method:

    CHO-IR cells expressing human insulin receptor are grown to 80% confluence in Hamm’s F12 medium with 10% fetal bovine serum and without hypoxanthine. Trypsinized cells are seeded in 6-well plates at 1 × 106 cells/well in 2 ml of medium without fetal bovine serum. After 24 h, medium is replaced with 1 ml of serum-free medium containing GSK-3 inhibitor or control (final DMSO concentration <0.1%) for 30 min at 37°C. Cells are lysed and centrifuged 15 min at 4°C/14000g. The activity ratio of GS is calculated as the GS activity in the absence of glucose-6-phosphate divided by the activity in the presence of 5 mmol/l glucose-6-phosphate, using the filter paper assay of Thomas et al.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[1]

+ Expand
  • Animal Models: Female db/db mice; Male ZDF rats
  • Formulation: HCl salts formulated
  • Dosages: 8-48 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral administration
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 10 mg/mL warmed (21.48 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents individually and in order:
4% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
3.5mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 465.34
Formula

C22H18Cl2N8

CAS No. 252917-06-9
Storage powder
Synonyms N/A

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID