Geneticin (G418 Sulfate)
Molecular Weight(MW): 692.71
Geneticin (G418 Sulfate), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is an elongation inhibitor of 80 S ribosomes that blocks polypeptide synthesis by inhibiting the elongation step in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
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|Description||Geneticin (G418 Sulfate), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is an elongation inhibitor of 80 S ribosomes that blocks polypeptide synthesis by inhibiting the elongation step in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.|
G418 is an inhibitor of many pro- and eukaryotes at concentrations from 1-300 microgram/ml. Resistance to G418 conferring by the neo gene from Tn5 encoding an aminoglycoside 3'-phosphotransferase, APT 3' II is commonly used in laboratory research to select genetically engineered cells.  In general for bacteria and algae concentrations of 5 mg/L or less are used, for mammalian cells concentrations of approximately 400 mg/L are used for selection and 200 mg/L for maintenance. Resistant clones selection could require from 1 to up to 3 weeks. 
|In vivo||Doses of G418 of between 40 and 80 mg/kg for three consecutive days are sufficient to eliminate all nontransfected T. brucei brucei parasites from infected mice. |
|In vitro||Water||100 mg/mL warmed (144.36 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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