Molecular Weight(MW): 432.4
Torin 2 is a potent and selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.25 nM in p53−/− MEFs cell line; 800-fold greater selectivity for mTOR than PI3K and improved pharmacokinetic properties. Inhibition of ATM/ATR/DNA-PK with EC50 of 28 nM/35 nM/118 nM,in PC3 cell lines respectively.
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U2OS cells were plated in six-well plates using complete medium. The next day the cells were washed four times with NaCl/Pi before maintaining them for 6 h in serum- and glucose-free DMEM supplemented as indicated in the absence or presence of 0.1 uM Torin 2 for the last 1 h. The cells were control- treated, treated with 1 ug/mL insulin or treated with 1 mM H2O2 for 15 min. Thereafter, cell lysates were prepared and western blotting was performed using the indicated antibodies.
FEBS J 2014 281(16), 3591-608. Torin 2 purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Torin 2 is a potent and selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.25 nM in p53−/− MEFs cell line; 800-fold greater selectivity for mTOR than PI3K and improved pharmacokinetic properties. Inhibition of ATM/ATR/DNA-PK with EC50 of 28 nM/35 nM/118 nM,in PC3 cell lines respectively.|
Torin 2 has the same binding mode as PI3Kγ, V882 serves as a hinge binding point and in the inner hydrophobic pocket Y867, D841 and D964 provide three more hydrogen bonds with aminopyridine side chain analogous to Y2225, D2195 and D2357 of mTOR.  Torin 2 inhibits mTORC1, thus activates TFEB by promoting its nuclear translocation with EC50 of 1.666 mM.  Torin 2(< 50 nM) causes a significant reduction in viability of both MZ-CRC-1 and TT cells. Torin 2 (100 nM) exerts a significant reduction of migration of both MZ-CRC-1 and TT cells. 
|In vivo||Torin 2 exhibits >95% pharmacodynamic response and half-time of 11.7 min in the mouse liver microsome stability study. Torin 2 exhibits the best bioavailability (51%), short half-life (0.72 hours) and low clearance(19.6 mL/min/kg) in male Swiss albino mice following intravenous and oral administration.  Torin 2(20mg/kg) ablates MYCN tumors with reduction in MYCN protein levels and induction of apoptosis in Th-MYCN mice. |
mTOR and PI3K Cellular Assays:Cellular IC50 values for mTOR are determined using p53−/− MEFs. Cells are treated with vehicle or increasing concentrations of Torin 2 for 1 h and then lyse. Phosphorylation of S6K1 Thr-389 is monitored by immunoblotting using a phospho-specific antibody. Meanwhile, cellular IC50 values for PI3Ka are determined based on phosphorylation of Akt Thr-308 in p53−/−/mLST8−/− MEFs or human PC3 cells expressing the S473D mutant of Akt1.
|In vitro||DMSO||20 mg/mL (46.25 mM)|
|In vivo||30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol||30 mg/mL|
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