Molecular Weight(MW): 509.73
UNC0638 is a potent, selective and cell-penetrant chemical probe for G9a and GLP with IC50 of <15 nM and 19 nM, respectively, shows selectivity over a wide range of epigenetic and non-epigenetic targets.
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|Description||UNC0638 is a potent, selective and cell-penetrant chemical probe for G9a and GLP with IC50 of <15 nM and 19 nM, respectively, shows selectivity over a wide range of epigenetic and non-epigenetic targets.|
UNC0638 is a potent, selective and cell-penetrant chemical probe for G9a and GLP, with a toxicity/function ratio of >100, compared to <6 for BIX01294. UNC0638 is a selectivite inhibitor of G9a and GLP over a wide range of epigenetic and non-epigenetic targets. UNC0638 is more than 10,000-fold selective against SET7/9 (a H3K4 HMTase), SET8 (a H4K20 HMTase), PRMT3, and SUV39H2. In MDA-MB-231 cells, UNC0638 (48 h exposure) reduces H3K9me2 levels in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 of 81 nM. UNC0638 treatment of a variety of cell lines results in lower global H3K9me2 levels, equivalent to levels observed for small hairpin RNA knockdown of G9a and GLP with the functional potency of UNC0638 being well separated from its toxicity. UNC0638 markedly reduces the clonogenicity of MCF7 cells, reduces the abundance of H3K9me2 marks at promoters of known G9a-regulated endogenous genes and disproportionately affected several genomic loci encoding microRNAs. In mouse embryonic stem cells, UNC0638 reactivates G9a-silenced genes and a retroviral reporter gene in a concentration-dependent manner without promoting differentiation. 
|In vivo||In mouse drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic studies, UNC0638 had high clearance, short half-life, high volume distribution and low exposure after intravenous, oral or intraperitoneal administration. Thus, although UNC0638 is probably not suitable for in vivo animal studies owing to low exposure levels, its high stability under cellular assay conditions, in combination with high potency and selectivity, makes UNC0638 an ideal chemical tool for cell-based studies.|
SAHH-coupled assays:This assay utilizes SAHH to hydrolyze the methyltransfer product S-adenosylhomocysteine to homocysteine and adenosine in the presence of adenosine deaminase which converts adenosine to inosine. The homocysteine concentration is then determined through conjugation of its free sulfhydryl moiety to a thiol-sensitive fluorophore, ThioGlo. For IC50 determinations, assay mixtures are prepared in 25 mM Potassium Phosphate buffer pH 7.5, 1 mM EDTA, 2 mM MgCl2, 0.01% Triton X 100 with 5 μM SAHH , 0.3 U/mL of adenosine deaminase, 25 μM SAM, and 15 μM ThioGlo. G9a, EHMT1, SETD7, SETD8, PRMT3 and SUV39H2 are assayed at 25 nM, 100 nM, 200 nM, 250 nM, 1 μM and 100 nM, respectively. UNC0638 is added at concentrations ranging from 4 nM to 16 μM. After 2 min incubation, reactions are initiated by addition of the histone peptides: 10 μM H3(1-25) for G9a, 20 μM H3(1-25) for EHMT1, 100 μM H3(1-25) for SETD7, 500 μM H4(1-24) for SETD8, 10 μM H4(1-24) for PRMT3 and 200 μM H3K9Me1 (1-15) for SUV39H2. The methylation reaction is followed by monitoring the increase in fluorescence using Biotek Synergy2 plate reader with 360/40 nm excitation filter and 528/20 nm emission filter for 20 min in 384 well-plate format. Activity values are corrected by subtracting background caused by the peptide or the protein. IC50 values are calculated using Sigmaplot. Standard deviations are calculated from two independent experiments.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (196.18 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (196.18 mM)|
|Water||6 mg/mL (11.77 mM)|
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