Molecular Weight(MW): 320.39
Niraparib (MK-4827) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM, with great activity in cancer cells with mutant BRCA-1 and BRCA-2. It is >330-fold selective against PARP3, V-PARP and Tank1. Phase 3.
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PARP1 silencing rescues PARP1/2 inhibitor sensitivity in the ERCC1-deficient population. Effect of PARP1 knockdown by siRNA on sensitivity of ERCC1-isogenic cell lines to niraparib. Cells were reverse-transfected with PARP1 siRNA and drug was added 48 h after transfection. Cells were exposed to the drug for 5 days. Error bars represent the s.d. from the mean of three independent experiments.
Oncogene 2013 32(47):5377-87. Niraparib (MK-4827) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Niraparib (MK-4827) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM, with great activity in cancer cells with mutant BRCA-1 and BRCA-2. It is >330-fold selective against PARP3, V-PARP and Tank1. Phase 3.|
In a whole cell assay, MK-4827 inhibited PARP activity with EC50 = 4 nM and inhibited proliferation of cancer cells with mutant BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 with CC50 in the 10-100 nM range. It was demonstrated to be a potent and selective PARP-1 and PARP-2 inhibitor with IC50=3.8 and 2.1 nM, respectively. Furthermore, it displayed at least a 100-fold selectivity over PARP-3, V-PARP, and tankyrase-1, with IC50 = 1300, 330, and 570 nM, respectively. As well as inhibiting the growth of HeLa cell lacking BRCA-1 because of silencing by RNA interference, MK-4827 is able to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cell lines carrying natural BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 mutations. In MDA-MB-436 human mammary gland adenocarcinoma cells carrying BRCA-1 mutations, MK-4827 displayed CC50 = 18 nM, while in CAPAN-1 human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells, which are BRCA-2 mutant, MK-4827 displayed CC50 = 90 nM. In contrast, normal human prostate and mammary epithelial cells are resistant to MK-4827, displaying antiproliferative effects in the micromolar range, thereby demonstrating the very high selective cytotoxicity from these PARP inhibitors in BRCA-1 and -2 mutant cancer cells compared to surrounding tissue.
|In vivo||MK-4827, a novel, orally bioavailable, PARP-1 and PARP-2 inhibitor, strongly enhanced the effect of radiation on a variety of human tumor xenografts, both p53 wild type and p53 mutant. It was well tolerated in vivo and demonstrated efficacy as a single agent in a xenograft model of BRCA-1 deficient cancer.|
|In vitro||DMSO||64 mg/mL (199.75 mM)|
|Ethanol||64 mg/mL (199.75 mM)|
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