Erastin

Catalog No.S7242

Erastin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 547.04

Erastin is a ferroptosis activator by acting on mitochondrial VDAC, exhibiting selectivity for tumor cells bearing oncogenic RAS.

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3 Customer Reviews

  • Erastin induces HSF1-dependent HSPB1 expression in human cancer cells. Indicated human cancer cells were treated with erastin (HeLa, 0.5 μM; U2OS, 5 μM; LNCaP, 5 μM) for 24 h and the protein expressions of indicated HSPs were assayed by western blot.

    Oncogene, 2015, 10.1038/onc.2015.32. Erastin purchased from Selleck.

    HeLa cells were treated with erastin (0.5 μM) for 24 h with or without Gö 6893 (0.5 μM) and calphostin C (0.1 μM), and HSPB1 phosphorylation at Ser 15 was assayed using western blot.

    Oncogene, 2015, 10.1038/onc.2015.32. Erastin purchased from Selleck.

  • Erastin exerts cytotoxic, but not cytostatic, effects to cultured colorectal cancer cells. Colorectal cancer cells (HT-29, DLD-1 and Caco-2 lines) or NCM460 colon epithelial cells were treated with vehicle control (0.1% DMSO, “Ctrl”) or indicated concentrations of erastin for applied time, cell survival was tested by MTT assay (A and E) and colony formation assay (C); The percentage of trypan blue positive (“dead” cells) was recorded (B); Cell proliferation was tested by BrdU incorporation assay (D and F). For each assay, n = 5. The data presented were mean ± SD. Experiments were repeated three times with similar results obtained. * p < 0.05 vs. group of “Ctrl”.

    PLoS One, 2016, 11(5):e0154605.. Erastin purchased from Selleck.

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Notes:

2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.

Biological Activity

Description Erastin is a ferroptosis activator by acting on mitochondrial VDAC, exhibiting selectivity for tumor cells bearing oncogenic RAS.
Targets
Ferroptosis [1]
In vitro

Erastin is selectively lethal to oncogenic RAS-mutant cell lines, and triggers a unique iron-dependent form of non-apoptotic cell death called ferroptosis. [1] [2] Erastin binds directly to VDAC2 and causes mitochondrial damage via ROS production in an NADH-dependent manner, which induces cell death in some tumor cells harbouring activating mutations in the RAS-RAF-MEK pathway. [3] In addition, erastin, via inducing ROS-mediated CID (Caspase-independent cell death), strongly enhances the effect of cisplatin in WT EGFR cells. [4]

Protocol

Cell Research
+ Expand
  • Cell lines: BJ-TERT/LT/ST/RASV12 cells
  • Concentrations: 5 or 10 μg/mL
  • Incubation Time: 6-11 hours
  • Method: BJ-TERT/LT/ST/RASV12 cells are seeded in 100 mm dishes and allowed to grow overnight. Cells are treated with erastin (5 or 10 μg/ml) for 6, 8, or 11 hr. A camptothecin-treated (0.4 μg/ml) control is maintained, treated at the time of seeding for 20 hours. After the treatment, cells are harvested with trypsin/EDTA and washed once with fresh medium containing serum and then twice with phosphate-buffered saline. Cells are resuspended in 1× binding buffer. 100 μL is incubated with 5 μL of Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodiode for 15 min in the dark at room temperature. Then 400 μl of the 1× binding buffer s added and the cells analyzed by flow cytometry. Data are acquired and analyzed using Cellquest software. Only viable cells that do not stain with propidium iodiode are analzyed for Annexin V-FITC staining using the FL1 channel.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 19 mg/mL (34.73 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
Ethanol <1 mg/mL
In vivo 5% DMSO+corn oil 2.5mg/mL

* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 547.04
Formula

C30H31ClN4O4

CAS No. 571203-78-6
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID