17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl

Catalog No.S1142

17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl is a potent HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 62 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.

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17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl Chemical Structure

17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 653.21

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Related Compound Libraries

17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl is available in the following compound libraries:

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Product Information

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  • Research Area
  • 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl Mechanism

Product Description

Biological Activity

Description 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl is a potent HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 62 nM in a cell-free assay. Phase 2.
Targets HSP90 [1]
(Cell-free assay)
IC50 62 nM
In vitro 17-DMAG displays ~2 times potency against human Hsp90 than 17-AAG, with IC50 of 62 nM versus 119 nM. In SKBR3 and SKOV3 cells which over-express Hsp90 client protein Her2, 17-DMAG causes down-regulation of Her2 with EC50 of 8 nM and 46 nM, respectively, as well as induction of Hsp70 with EC50 of 4 nM and 14 nM, respectively, leading to significant cytotoxicity with GI50 of 29 nM and 32 nM, respectively, consistent with Hsp90 inhibition. [1] 17-DMAG in combination with vorinostat synergistically induces apoptosis of the cultured MCL cells as well as primary MCL cells, more potently than either agent alone, by markedly attenuating the levels of cyclin D1 and CDK4, as well as of c-Myc, c-RAF and Akt. [3] In contrast to 17-AAG which is only active for IKKβ in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, 17-DMAG treatment effectively leads to depletion of the Hsp90 client protein, resulting in diminished NF-κB p50/p65 DNA binding, decreased NF-κB target gene transcription, and caspase-dependent apoptosis. By targeting the NF-κB family, 17-DMAG selectively mediates dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity against CLL cells, but not normal T cells or NK cells important for immune surveillance. [5]
In vivo 17-DMAG treatment at 5 mg/kg or 25 mg/kg thrice per week significantly reduces tumor growth of TMK-1 xenografts, by significantly reducing vessel area and numbers of proliferating tumor cells in sections. [2] Consistent the inhibition of FAK signaling in vivo, 17-DMAG treatment at 25 mg/kg three times a week significantly suppresses tumor growth, and metastasis of ME180 and SiHa xenografts in mice. [4] Administration of 17-DMAG at 10 mg/kg for 16 days significantly decreases the white blood cell count and prolongs the survival in a TCL1-SCID transplant mouse model. [5]
Features A synthetic derivative Geldanamycin, with lower hepatotoxicity than parent antibiotic & higher potency and bioavailability than the similar derivative 17-AAG.

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay: [1]

Fluorescence polarization (FP)-based competition binding assay This assay utilizes a boron difluoride dipyrromethene (BODIPY) labeled geldanamycin analogue (BODIPY-AG) as a probe and measured fluorescence polarization upon binding of the probe to a protein. Native human Hsp90 protein (α + β isoforms) is isolated from HeLa cells. BODIPY-AG solution is freshly prepared in FP assay buffer (20 mM HEPES-KOH, pH 7.3, 1.0 mM EDTA, 100 mM KCl, 5.0 mM MgCl2, 0.01% NP-40, 0.1 mg/mL fresh bovine γ-globulin (BGG), 1.0 mM fresh DTT, and protease inhibitor from stock solution in DMSO. Competition curves are obtained by mixing 10 μL each of a solution containing BODIPY-AG and Hsp90, and a serial dilution of 17-DMAG freshly prepared in FP assay buffer from stock solution in DMSO. Final concentrations are 10 nM BODIPY-AG, 40 or 60 nM Hsp90, varying concentration of 17-DMAG (0.10 nM-10 μM), and ≤0.25% DMSO in a 384-well microplate. After 3 hours incubation at 30 °C, fluorescence anisotropy (γEx = 485 nm, γEm = 535 nm) is measured on an EnVision 2100 multilabel plate reader. IC50 value of 17-DMAG is obtained from the competition curves.

Cell Assay: [5]

Cell lines Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Concentrations Dissolved in DMSO, final concentrations ~1 μM
Incubation Time 24, or 48 hours
Method Cells are exposed to various concentrations of 17-DMAG for 24, or 48 hours. For the assessment of cytotoxicity, MTT reagent is then added, and plates are incubated for an additional 24 hours before spectrophotometric measurement. Apoptosis is determined by staining with annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide (PI).

Animal Study: [5]

Animal Models SCID mice engrafted with TCL1 leukemia cells
Formulation Dissolved in DMSO
Dosages 10 mg/kg
Administration Intraperitoneal injection 5 times per week

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)0.020.151.80.40.0810
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.150.050.020.5
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] Ge J, et al. J Med Chem, 2006, 49(15), 4606-4615.

[2] Lang SA, et al. Mol Cancer Ther, 2007, 6(3), 1123-1132.

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Clinical Trial Information( data from http://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2016-07-30)

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor
/Collaborators
Start Date Phases
NCT01126502 Terminated B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia|Prolymphocytic Leukemia|Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma|Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia National Cancer Institute (NCI) May 2010 Phase 1
NCT00780000 Terminated Breast Cancer Bristol-Myers Squibb April 2008 Phase 2
NCT00803556 Completed Solid Tumor|Breast Cancer Bristol-Myers Squibb January 2006 Phase 1
NCT00248521 Active, not recruiting Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom|National Can  ...more Institute of Cancer Research, United Kingdom|National Cancer Institute (NCI) October 2005 Phase 1
NCT00089271 Completed Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma|Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma|Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue|Int  ...more Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma|Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma|Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue|Intraocular Lymphoma|Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma|Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma|Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma|Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma|Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma|Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma|Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma|Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma|Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome|Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma|Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma|Stage III Adult Burkitt Lymphoma|Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma|Stage III Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma|Stage III Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma|Stage III Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma|Stage III Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma|Stage III Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma|Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma|Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma|Stage III Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome|Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma|Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma|Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma|Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma|Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma|Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma|Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome|Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma|Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific|Waldenström Macroglobulinemia National Cancer Institute (NCI) July 2004 Phase 1

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Chemical Information

Download 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 653.21
Formula

C32H48N4O8•HCl

CAS No. 467214-21-7
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
6 months-80℃in solvent
Synonyms NSC 707545,BMS 826476 HCl,KOS 1022
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 131 mg/mL (200.54 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
Ethanol <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 1% DMSO+30% polyethylene glycol+1% Tween 80 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name Geldanamycin, 17-demethoxy-17-[[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amino]-, monohydrochloride

Tech Support

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