Molecular Weight(MW): 354.4
Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Phase 1.
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|Description||Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Phase 1.|
Xanthohumol inhibits Cyp1A activity and induces QR activity in mouse hepatoma cell culture. Xanthohumol scavenges reactive oxygen species and inhibits superoxide anion radical and nitric oxide production. In addition, Xanthohumol prevents carcinogenesis via inhibition of DNA synthesis and induction of cell cycle arrest in S phase, apoptosis, and cell differentiation.  Xanthohumol shows potent anti-HIV-1 activity. 
|In vivo||In CETP-Tg mice, xanthohumol (p.o.) prevents cholesterol accumulation leading to atherosclerosis.  In TRAMP mice, xanthohumol (p.o.) induces a decrease in the average weight of the urogenital (UG) tract, delays advanced tumor progression and inhibits the growth of poorly differentiated prostate carcinoma. |
Inhibition of Cox Activity:Inhibition of Cox-1 activity is measured by monitoring oxygen consumption during the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGs using a Clark-type O2-electrode. The reaction mixture contains ∼0.2 units Cox-1 in 100 μL of microsome fraction derived from ram seminal vesicles as a crude source of Cox-1 (specific activity 0.2–1 units/mg protein) or 0.23 units of recombinant human Cox-2 (specific activity 43 units/mg protein). For calculation, the rate of O2 consumption is compared with a DMSO control (100% activity). Piroxicam, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is used as positive inhibitory substance for Cox-1 activity with an IC50 of 0.35 ± 0.05 μM (n = 2). Alternatively, nimesulide, a Cox-2 specific inhibitor, inhibits Cox-2 activity by 52 ± 5.7% (n = 2) at a concentration of 50 μM.
|Animal Research: ||
|In vitro||DMSO||70 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
|Ethanol||70 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order:
0.05% (w+w) xanthohumol powder in diet, or suspended in ethanol (2.5 mg+mL)
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02432651||Active, not recruiting||Oxidative Stress||Oregon State University||March 2015||Phase 1|
|NCT01367431||Completed||Metabolic Syndrome||Oregon State University|Oregon Health and Science University|National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)||August 2011||--|
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