RKI-1447

Catalog No.S7195

RKI-1447 is a potent inhibitor of ROCK1 and ROCK2, with IC50 of 14.5 nM and 6.2 nM, respectively, has anti-invasive and antitumor activities.

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RKI-1447 Chemical Structure

RKI-1447 Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 326.37

Validation & Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

Product Information

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Product Description

Biological Activity

Description RKI-1447 is a potent inhibitor of ROCK1 and ROCK2, with IC50 of 14.5 nM and 6.2 nM, respectively, has anti-invasive and antitumor activities.
Targets ROCK2 [1] ROCK1 [1]
IC50 6.2 nM 14.5 nM
In vitro RKI-1447 is a cell-permeable pyridylthiazolyl-urea that acts as a potent, ATP site-targeting Rho Kinase inhibitor, displaying much reduced potency against PKA, PKN1/PRK1, p70S6K/RPS6kB1, AKT1, MRCKa/CDC42BPA (85.5%, 80.5%, 61.9%, 56.0%, and 50.4% inhibition, respectively, by 1 µM RKI-1447) or 15 other kinases. Crystal structures of the RKI-1447/ROCK1 complex reveals that RKI-1447 is a Type I kinase inhibitor that binds the ATP binding site through interactions with the hinge region and the DFG motif. RKI-1447 suppresses phosphorylation of the ROCK substrates MLC-2 and MYPT-1 in human cancer cells, but had no effect on the phosphorylation levels of the AKT, MEK, and S6 kinase at concentrations as high as 10 μM. RKI-1447 is also highly selective at inhibiting ROCK-mediated cytoskeleton re-organization (actin stress fiber formation) following LPA stimulation, but does not affect PAK-meditated lamellipodia and filopodia formation following PDGF and Bradykinin stimulation. RKI-1447 inhibits migration, invasion and anchorage-independent tumor growth of breast cancer cells. [1]
In vivo RKI-1447 is highly effective at inhibiting the outgrowth of mammary tumors in a transgenic mouse model. Tumors from mice treated with the RKI-1447 increases in size with an average percent change in tumor volume of only 8.8%. Thus, RKI-1447 inhibited mammary tumor growth by 87%, and on average the mammary tumors from Compared with those tumors from mice treated with the vehicle control, RKI-1447 treated mice are 7.7-fold smaller. RKI-1447 treatments does not result in mouse weight loss. [1]
Features

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay: [2]

Z-Lyte FRET kinase assay Kinase inhibition is measured using the Invitrogen Z-Lyte® FRET kinase assay with Ser/Thr 13 peptide substrate based on the myosin light chain sequence KKRPQRRYSNVF. Compounds are tested on three separate days with 8 point dilutions performed in duplicate to determine average IC50 values. The assay conditions are optimized to 15 μL of kinase reaction volume with 5 ng of enzyme in 50 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM EGTA, and 0.01% Brij-35. The reaction is incubated for 1 h at room temperature in the presence of 1.5 μM of peptide substrate with 12.5 μM of ATP (for ROCK1) or 2 μM of substrate with 50 μM of ATP (for ROCK2). The reaction is then stopped and the ratio of phosphorylated to unphosphorylated peptides is determined by selective cleavage of only the unphosphorylated peptide as described by the manufacturer. This is followed by excitation of coumarin at 400 nm resulting in emission at 445 nm and energy transfer to fluorescein and final emission at 520 nm. The substrate contains both coumarin and fluorescein and only uncleaved phosphorylated substrate will undergo FRET. The ratio of the signals at 445 nm and 520 nm is measured using a Wallac EnVision Plate Reader, model 2102 plate-reader.

Cell Assay: [1]

Cell lines MDA-MB-231
Concentrations ~600 μM
Incubation Time 72 h
Method Cells are plated in a 96 well tissue culture plate (1200 cells per well) and incubated for 24 hours. After incubation the cells are treated with vehicle or increasing concentrations of RKI-1447 for 72 hours. After incubation, freshly prepared MTT (2mg/ml) is added to each well and incubated for 3 hours. After incubation the plates are read at 540 nm.

Animal Study: [1]

Animal Models MMTV/neu transgenic mice [FVB/N-Tg (MMTVneu) 202 Mul/J]
Formulation 20%-2-hydroxypropyl-betacyclodextrin(HPCD)
Dosages 200 mpk/day
Administration i.p.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)0.020.151.80.40.0810
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.150.050.020.5
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] Patel RA, et al. Cancer Res, 2012, 72(19), 5025-5034.

[2] Pireddu R, et al. Medchemcomm, 2012, 3(6), 699-709.

Chemical Information

Download RKI-1447 SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 326.37
Formula

C16H14N4O2S

CAS No. 1342278-01-6
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
6 months-80℃in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 65 mg/mL (199.16 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
Ethanol <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 15% Captisol 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name Urea, N-[(3-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-N'-[4-(4-pyridinyl)-2-thiazolyl]-

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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