Hydroxyfasudil (HA-1100) HCl
Molecular Weight(MW): 343.83
Hydroxyfasudil (HA-1100), an active metabolite of fasudil hydrochloride, is a specific Rho-kinase(ROCK) inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.73 μM and 0.72 μM for ROCK1 and ROCK2, respectively.
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|Description||Hydroxyfasudil (HA-1100), an active metabolite of fasudil hydrochloride, is a specific Rho-kinase(ROCK) inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.73 μM and 0.72 μM for ROCK1 and ROCK2, respectively.|
Hydroxyfasudil prevents the downregulation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) under hypoxic conditions. In a concentration-dependent manner, hydroxyfasudil increases eNOS mRNA and protein expression, resulting in a 1.9- and 1.6-fold increase, respectively, at 10 μmol/L (P<0.05 for both). This correlates with a 1.5- and 2.3-fold increase in eNOS activity and NO production, respectively (P<0.05 for both). Hydroxyfasudil also inhibits various chemoattractant-induced migration of neutrophils. Hydroxyfasudil potently inhibits Rho-kinase (IC50, 0.9 ± 1.8 μM), while its inhibitory effect is markedly (at least 50 ± 100 times) less for myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) or protein kinase C (PKC).
|In vivo||Intracoronary administration of hydroxyfasudil(HF) causes a significant coronary vasodilation of both small arteries and arterioles in a dose-dependent manner under control conditions with a resultant increase in CBF(coronary blood flow). Intracoronary hydroxyfasudil does not significantly alter mean aortic pressure or heart rate. Pretreatment with hydroxyfasudil markedly reduces the I/R-induced myocardial infarct size, and this beneficial effect of hydroxyfasudil is significantly attenuated by L-NMMA. NO may be involved in those cardiovascular protective effects of hydroxyfasudil. Hydroxyfasudil may also be effective for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. HF protects the myocardium subjected to pacing-induced ischaemia through the increase in the regional myocardial blood flow.|
|In vitro||DMSO||68 mg/mL warmed (197.77 mM)|
|Water||60 mg/mL warmed (174.5 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|CAS No.||155558-32-0 (HCl salt)|
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