Catalog No.S5151

For research use only.

Gypenoside (GP) is the predominant effective component of Gynostemma pentaphyllum and possesses capacities against inflammation and oxidation.


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Biological Activity

Description Gypenoside (GP) is the predominant effective component of Gynostemma pentaphyllum and possesses capacities against inflammation and oxidation.
In vitro

Gypenoside(Gyp) has an activity of anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic, antioxidative and anti-cancer actions. Gypenoside inhibited SW-480 cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Gyp is capable of exerting different alternative cytotoxicity in cancer cells and normal cells, which might be potentially useful as a cancer preventive or treatment agent. Gyp could cause cell membrane integrity damage, decrease the Δψm level, induce DNA fragmentation and initiate apoptotic response in SW-480 cells. ROS generated in SW-480 cells play an important role in Gyp induced cell death. Gyp induces microfilament network collapse and injures the cell shape and migration ability[1]. It is reported that Gypenoside can induce neuroprotection against Aβ in vitro. Gypenoside attenuates Aβ-induced microglial activation, decreases the levels of microglial M1 state (classic activated state) markers, including iNOS protein expression, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 releases, and increases the levels of M2 markers, such as Arg-1 protein expression, IL-10, BDNF, and GDNF secretions from the cells. Gypenoside reduces the Aβ-induced microglial activation by shifting microglial M1 to M2 (alternative activated state) state, and the SOCS1 protein may mediate the process[2].

In vivo Gypenoside has been known for its wide beneficial effects for treating hepatitis, hyperlipoproteinemia and cardiovascular disease[1].

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:


  • Cell lines: SW-480 cells
  • Concentrations: 0, 70, 100 and 130 µg/ml
  • Incubation Time: 24 and 48 h
  • Method:

    To investigate the effect of Gypenoside on SW-480 cell proliferation, cells are seeded in 96-well plates. Various concentrations (0, 70, 100 and 130 µg/ml; 80% ethanol is used as the solvent control) of Gypenoside are added and the cells are incubated for various periods of time, at a density of 1×105 cells/ml, respectively. The cell viability is determined by using MTT assay. The absorbance at 570 nm is recorded using a microplate reader.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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