Molecular Weight(MW): 719.91
Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities.
Cited by 18 Publications
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Validation of activity and specificity of chemical inhibitors of; ATM, ATR, and DNAPK. H460 cells were treated with 1 uM camptothecin (CPT) or 20 ug/ml bleomycin for 1 h in the presence of the indicated inhibitors: DNAPK-i1—NU7026, DNAPK-i2—NU7441. MSH6,
Sci Transl Med 2014 6(250), 250ra112. Carfilzomib (PR-171) purchased from Selleck.
MM.1S cells were treated with or without carfilzomib (10 nM) in the presence or absence of TAS-117 (0.5 uM) for 24 h. Whole cell lysates were subjected to western blotting using CHOP, PARP, and GAPDH Abs.The graph represents fold changes of CHOP density relative to GAPDH.
Cancer Res 2014 74(16), 4458-69. Carfilzomib (PR-171) purchased from Selleck.
Transduction at 24 h is indicated as normalized luciferase activity. HeLa cells were cotreated with 1 uM Carfilzomib and 500 vg/cell rAAV2-EGFP, and transduction was analyzed by ﬂow cytometry at 24 h. Bright-ﬁeld and EGPF ﬂuorescence images at 24 h postransduction of cells visually indicating transduction.
J Virol 2013 87(23), 13035-41. Carfilzomib (PR-171) purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Proteasome Inhibitors
|Description||Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities.|
Carfilzomib inhibits proliferation in a variety of cell lines and patient-derived neoplastic cells, including multiple myeloma, and induced intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways and activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). Carfilzomib reveals enhanced anti-MM activity compared with bortezomib, overcome resistance to bortezomib and other agents, and acts synergistically with dexamethasone (Dex). Carfilzomib shoes preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, with over 80% inhibition at doses of 10 nM. Short exposure to low-dose Carfilzomib leads to preferential binding specificity for the β5 constitutive 20S proteasome and the β5i immunoproteasome subunits. Measurement of caspase activity in ANBL-6 cells pulsed with Carfilzomib reveals substantial increases in caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 activity after 8 hours, giving a 3.2-, 3.9- and 6.9-fold increase, respectively, over control cells after 8 hours. In carfilzomib pulse-treated cells, the mitochondrial membrane integrity is decreased to 41% (Q1 + Q2), compared with 75% in vehicle-treated control cells.  In another study, Carfilzomib has also shown preclinical effectiveness against hematological and solid malignancies.  Carfilzomib directly inhibits osteoclasts formation and bone resorption. 
|In vivo||Carfilzomib moderately reduces tumor growth in an in vivo xenograft model. Carfilzomib effectively decreases multiple myeloma cell viability following continual or transient treatment mimicking. Carfilzomib increases trabecular bone volume, decreases bone resorption and enhances bone formation in non-tumor bearing mice. |
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for subunit profiling of carfilzomib:ANBL-6 cells (2 × 106/well) are plated in 96-well plates and treated with Carfilzomib doses from 0.001 to 10 μM for 1 hour. Cells are then lysed (20 mM Tris-HCl, 0.5 mM EDTA), and cleared lysates are transferred to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) plates. A standard curve is generated using untreated ANBL-6 cell lysates starting at a concentration of 6 μg protein/μL. The active site probe [biotin-(CH2)4-Leu-Leu-Leu-epoxyketone; 20 μM] is added and incubated at room temperature for 1 hour. Cell lysates are then denatured by adding 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and heating to 100°C, followed by mixing with 20 μL per well streptavidin-sepharose high-performance beads in a 96-well multiscreen DV plate and incubated for 1 hour. These beads are then washed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) buffer (PBS, 1% bovine serum albumin, and 0.1% Tween-20), and incubated overnight at 4°C on a plate shaker with antibodies to proteasome subunits. Antibodies used included mouse monoclonal anti-β1, anti-β2, anti-β1i, and anti-β5i, goat polyclonal anti-β2i, and rabbit polyclonal anti-β5 (affinity-purified antiserum against KLH-CWIRVSSDNVADLHDKYS peptide). The beads are washed and incubated for 2 hours with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated secondary goat antirabbit, goat antimouse or rabbit antigoat antibodies. After washing, the beads are developed using the supersignal ELISA picochemiluminescence substrate. Luminescent detection is performed. Raw luminescence is converted to μg/mL by comparison with the standard curve and expressed as the % inhibition relative to vehicle control. Curve fits are generated using the following nonsigmoidal dose-response equation: Y = Bottom + (Top-Bottom)/(1 + 10̂((LogEC50 − X) × HillSlope)), where X is the logarithm of concentration, Y is the % inhibition, and EC50 is the dose showing 50% effect.
|In vitro||DMSO||50 mg/mL (69.45 mM)|
|In vivo||2% DMSO+castor oil||10mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02802163||Not yet recruiting||Multiple Myeloma||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|Novartis|Amgen||April 30, 2017||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01402284||Active, not recruiting||Multiple Myeloma||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Celgene|Onyx Therapeutics, Inc.|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)||July 21, 2011||Phase 2|
|NCT03031730||Not yet recruiting||Hypercalcemia|Plasmacytoma|Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma|Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma||National Cancer Institute (NCI)||October 2017||Phase 1|
|NCT03029234||Not yet recruiting||Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma||Amgen|Onyx Therapeutics, Inc.||February 2017||Phase 3|
|NCT02891811||Not yet recruiting||Multiple Myeloma||Arbeitsgemeinschaft medikamentoese Tumortherapie|Amgen||January 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT03004287||Not yet recruiting||Multiple Myeloma||University of Arkansas|Janssen, LP||January 2017||Phase 2|
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