Molecular Weight(MW): 413.28
CEP-18770 (Delanzomib) is an orally active inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of proteasome with IC50 of 3.8 nM, with only marginal inhibition of the tryptic and peptidylglutamyl activities of the proteosome. Phase 1/2.
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|Description||CEP-18770 (Delanzomib) is an orally active inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of proteasome with IC50 of 3.8 nM, with only marginal inhibition of the tryptic and peptidylglutamyl activities of the proteosome. Phase 1/2.|
CEP-18770 demonstrates marginal prevention of the tryptic and peptidyl gultamyl activities of the protesome. The IC50 values of CEP-18770 are similar to those of bortezomib, with the chymotryptic and caspase-like activities being inhibited at low-nanomolar concentrations. CEP-18770 inhibits A2780 ovarian cancer cells, PC3 prostate cancer, H460, LoVo colon cancer, RPMI8226 multiple myeloma cancer and HS-Sultan anaplastic non-Hodgkin lymphoma with IC50 values of 13.7, 22.2, 34.2 11.3, 5.6 and 8.2 nM, respectively. CEP-18770 blocks the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in several MM and in the chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line, K562. CEP-18770 causes an accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins over 4 to 8 hours with a profile similar to that observed after bortezomib treatment. IκBα degradation is completely blocked by pretreatment with CEP-18770. CEP-18770 significantly inhibits high levels of NF-κB activity in both RPMI-8226 and U266 cells. The time- and concentration-dependent suppression of NF-kB DNA-binding activity in MM cell lines by CEP-18770 leads to a decrease of expression of several NF-κB-modulated genes mediating the growth and survival of tumor cells including IkBα itself, the X-chromosome-linked inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein (XIAP), the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM1), and the pro-angiogeneic factor vascular endothelial growth factor.  The expression of these NF-κB–mediated genes and their modulation by bortezomib are associated with more favorable clinical responsiveness to this agent, highlighting their potential prognostic value in response to CEP-18770 exposure.  The proapoptotic activity of CEP-18770 against MM is not limited solely to tumor-derived MM cell lines, but extends to primary MM explants from relapsed or refractory patients including those previously treated with bortezomib.  In addition, the combination of CEP-18770 with melphalan or bortezomib produces synergistic inhibition of MM cell viability in vitro.
|In vivo||CEP-18770 reveals sustained dose-related relative tumor weight inhibition. CEP-18770 leads to dose-related complete tumor regressions, as compared to bortezomib treatment, which results in a 50% incidence of CR at its maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of 1.2 mg/kg intravenously.  In contrast to bortezomib, CEP-18770 reveals dose-related increase in the incidence of tumor-free mice by the completion of these studies (120 days after tumor transplantation). Oral administration of CEP-18770 produces a marked decrease in tumor weight and notable dose-related incidence of complete tumor regression with minimal changes in animal body weight over the course of the 120 day studies. When compared to bortezomib, equiactive doses of CEP-18770 reveal a greater and more sustained dose-related inhibition of tumor proteasome activity, corresponding temporarily with maximum induction of caspase-3 and 7 activity. The maximum apoptotic signal is 2.5 fold greater for CEP-18770 versus bortezomib. In contrast, proteasome inhibition profiles of CEP-18870 and bortezomib are comparable in the normal peripheral mouse tissues examined (liver, lungs, whole blood, and brain [no activity]) in both their magnitude and their duration. No proteasome inhibition is detected in brain tissue at any time point for either CEP-18770 or bortezomib. In MM xenograft models, the addition of CEP-18770 to melphalan completely preventes the growth of both melphalan-sensitive or melphalan-resistant tumours.  The combination of CEP-18770 and bortezomib leads to complete regression of bortezomib-sensitive tumours and markedly delays progression of bortezomib-resistant tumours compared to treatment with either agent alone. Single agent CEP-18770 PO also shows marked anti-MM effects in these xenograft models|
Probing proteasome activity in cell extracts:Human multiple myeloma cells are washed twice with cold phosphate-buffered saline, pelleted and lysed with one volume of glass beads (<106 microns, acid-washed) and an equal volume of homogenization buffer (50 mM Tris (pH 7.4), 1 mM dithiothreitol, 5 mM MgCl2, 2 mM ATP and 250 mM sucrose) by vortexing at high speed for 15-30 min at 4 °C. Beads, membrane fractions, nuclei and cell debris are then removed from the supernatant by centrifugation at 16,000g for 5 min. The protein content of extracts is quantitated using the Bradford assay. Proteasome activity is assayed as described below. Equal amounts (typically 60 g) of protein are denatured by boiling in reducing sample buffer, separated by 12.5% SDS-PAGE and electrotransferred onto polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes. Immunoblotting is performed using a dansyl-sulfonamidohexanoyl polyclonal antibody (1:7,500, rabbit) and horseradish peroxidase–coupled goat or swine anti-rabbit secondary antibody followed by enhanced chemiluminescence.
|In vitro||DMSO||83 mg/mL (200.83 mM)|
|Ethanol||83 mg/mL (200.83 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01348919||Terminated||Multiple Myeloma||Cephalon|Teva Pharmaceutical Industries||August 2011||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT01023880||Terminated||Multiple Myeloma||Cephalon|Teva Pharmaceutical Industries||January 2010||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT00572637||Completed||Solid Tumors|Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin||Ethical Oncology Science||November 2007||Phase 1|
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