Delanzomib (CEP-18770)

Catalog No.S1157

Delanzomib (CEP-18770) Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 413.28

Delanzomib (CEP-18770) is an orally active inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of proteasome with IC50 of 3.8 nM, with only marginal inhibition of the tryptic and peptidylglutamyl activities of the proteosome. Phase 1/2.

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  • Effect of CoCl2, CEP-18770 and ONX-0914 on the expression and activity of HIF-1α. As depicted in one representative of the three performed western blots, the evaluated compounds have a profound effect on HIF-1α expression, as well on its function as it is assessed by the expression of its transcriptional target LDH-A (a).

    Int Urol Nephrol, 2016, 48(6):907-15. . Delanzomib (CEP-18770) purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description Delanzomib (CEP-18770) is an orally active inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of proteasome with IC50 of 3.8 nM, with only marginal inhibition of the tryptic and peptidylglutamyl activities of the proteosome. Phase 1/2.
Targets
Chymotrypsin-like proteasome [1]
3.8 nM
In vitro

CEP-18770 demonstrates marginal prevention of the tryptic and peptidyl gultamyl activities of the protesome. The IC50 values of CEP-18770 are similar to those of bortezomib, with the chymotryptic and caspase-like activities being inhibited at low-nanomolar concentrations.[1] CEP-18770 inhibits A2780 ovarian cancer cells, PC3 prostate cancer, H460, LoVo colon cancer, RPMI8226 multiple myeloma cancer and HS-Sultan anaplastic non-Hodgkin lymphoma with IC50 values of 13.7, 22.2, 34.2 11.3, 5.6 and 8.2 nM, respectively.[1] CEP-18770 blocks the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in several MM and in the chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line, K562. CEP-18770 causes an accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins over 4 to 8 hours with a profile similar to that observed after bortezomib treatment.[1] IκBα degradation is completely blocked by pretreatment with CEP-18770. CEP-18770 significantly inhibits high levels of NF-κB activity in both RPMI-8226 and U266 cells. The time- and concentration-dependent suppression of NF-kB DNA-binding activity in MM cell lines by CEP-18770 leads to a decrease of expression of several NF-κB-modulated genes mediating the growth and survival of tumor cells including IkBα itself, the X-chromosome-linked inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein (XIAP), the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM1), and the pro-angiogeneic factor vascular endothelial growth factor. [1] The expression of these NF-κB–mediated genes and their modulation by bortezomib are associated with more favorable clinical responsiveness to this agent, highlighting their potential prognostic value in response to CEP-18770 exposure. [1] The proapoptotic activity of CEP-18770 against MM is not limited solely to tumor-derived MM cell lines, but extends to primary MM explants from relapsed or refractory patients including those previously treated with bortezomib. [1] In addition, the combination of CEP-18770 with melphalan or bortezomib produces synergistic inhibition of MM cell viability in vitro.[2]

In vivo CEP-18770 reveals sustained dose-related relative tumor weight inhibition. CEP-18770 leads to dose-related complete tumor regressions, as compared to bortezomib treatment, which results in a 50% incidence of CR at its maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of 1.2 mg/kg intravenously. [1] In contrast to bortezomib, CEP-18770 reveals dose-related increase in the incidence of tumor-free mice by the completion of these studies (120 days after tumor transplantation). Oral administration of CEP-18770 produces a marked decrease in tumor weight and notable dose-related incidence of complete tumor regression with minimal changes in animal body weight over the course of the 120 day studies. [1]When compared to bortezomib, equiactive doses of CEP-18770 reveal a greater and more sustained dose-related inhibition of tumor proteasome activity, corresponding temporarily with maximum induction of caspase-3 and 7 activity.[1] The maximum apoptotic signal is 2.5 fold greater for CEP-18770 versus bortezomib. In contrast, proteasome inhibition profiles of CEP-18870 and bortezomib are comparable in the normal peripheral mouse tissues examined (liver, lungs, whole blood, and brain [no activity]) in both their magnitude and their duration.[1] No proteasome inhibition is detected in brain tissue at any time point for either CEP-18770 or bortezomib. In MM xenograft models, the addition of CEP-18770 to melphalan completely preventes the growth of both melphalan-sensitive or melphalan-resistant tumours. [1] The combination of CEP-18770 and bortezomib leads to complete regression of bortezomib-sensitive tumours and markedly delays progression of bortezomib-resistant tumours compared to treatment with either agent alone. Single agent CEP-18770 PO also shows marked anti-MM effects in these xenograft models[1]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[3]
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Probing proteasome activity in cell extracts:

Human multiple myeloma cells are washed twice with cold phosphate-buffered saline, pelleted and lysed with one volume of glass beads (<106 microns, acid-washed) and an equal volume of homogenization buffer (50 mM Tris (pH 7.4), 1 mM dithiothreitol, 5 mM MgCl2, 2 mM ATP and 250 mM sucrose) by vortexing at high speed for 15-30 min at 4 °C. Beads, membrane fractions, nuclei and cell debris are then removed from the supernatant by centrifugation at 16,000g for 5 min. The protein content of extracts is quantitated using the Bradford assay. Proteasome activity is assayed as described below. Equal amounts (typically 60 g) of protein are denatured by boiling in reducing sample buffer, separated by 12.5% SDS-PAGE and electrotransferred onto polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes. Immunoblotting is performed using a dansyl-sulfonamidohexanoyl polyclonal antibody (1:7,500, rabbit) and horseradish peroxidase–coupled goat or swine anti-rabbit secondary antibody followed by enhanced chemiluminescence.
Cell Research:[1]
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  • Cell lines: HMEC and TEC cells
  • Concentrations: 0-100 nM
  • Incubation Time: 6 hours
  • Method: HMEC and TEC cells are seeded into 24-well plates at a density of 104 cells/well in DMEM supplemented with 5% FCS. After incubation with proteasome inhibitors (48 hours), cells are washed, air dried, and stained with crystal violet as described. Cell number is determined, in duplicate samples, on the basis of a standard curve obtained with known cell numbers. All experiments are performed in triplicate. In vitro formation of capillary-like structures is studied on cells (4 × 104 cells/well in DMEM supplemented with 5% FCS. After incubation with proteasome inhibitors (48 hours), cells are washed (cells/well in 24-well plates) and seeded onto Matrigel-coated wells in DMEM containing 0.25% BSA. HMEC and TEC cells (5 × 103 per well), suspended in 200 μL DMEM with 5% FCS (positive control), serum-free medium (negative control), are layered onto the Matrigel surface in the presence or absence of proteasome inhibitor CEP-18770. Cells are observed with a inverted microscope and experimental results are then recorded after a 6-hour incubation at 37 °C. Data is analyzed, as the mean (× 1 SD) of total length of capillary-like structures, by the Micro-Image system and is expressed as mm/field by the computer analysis system in 5 different fields at 100 × magnification in duplicated wells for 4 different experiments.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
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  • Animal Models: Human MM RPMI 8226 subcutaneous xenograft model in SCID mice
  • Formulation: In a solution of 3% DMSO
  • Dosages: From 1.5 to 4 mg/kg, twice for 7 days to 4 weeks.
  • Administration: Intravenously
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 83 mg/mL (200.83 mM)
Ethanol 83 mg/mL (200.83 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 413.28
Formula

C21H28BN3O5

CAS No. 847499-27-8
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01348919 Terminated Multiple Myeloma Cephalon|Teva Pharmaceutical Industries August 2011 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT01023880 Terminated Multiple Myeloma Cephalon|Teva Pharmaceutical Industries January 2010 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT00572637 Completed Solid Tumors|Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Ethical Oncology Science November 2007 Phase 1

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID