VR23 is a potent proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of 1 nM, 50-100 nM, and 3 μM for trypsin-like proteasomes, chymotrypsin-like proteasomes, and caspase-like proteasomes, respectively.
Calpeptin is a potent, cell-permeable calpain inhibitor with ID50 of 52 nM, 34 nM, 138 nM, and 40 nM for Calpain I (porcine erythrocytes), Calpain II (porcine kidney), Papainb, and Calpain I (human platelets), respectively.
Marimastat (BB-2516) is a broad spectrum matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitor for MMP-9, MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-14 and MMP-7 with IC50 of 3 nM, 5 nM, 6 nM, 9 nM and 13 nM, respectively. Phase 3.
MG-132 is an inhibitor of proteasome with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay, and also inhibits calpain with IC50 of 1.2 μM.
Bortezomib (PS-341) is a potent 20S proteasome inhibitor with Ki of 0.6 nM in a cell-free assay.
Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities.
MLN2238 inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50 and Ki of 3.4 nM and 0.93 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, also inhibits the caspase-like (β1) and trypsin-like (β2) proteolytic sites, with IC50 of 31 and 3500 nM. Phase 3.
Features:A first-in-class proteasome inhibitor that has improved pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics(PD), and antitumor activity in preclinical studies.
ONX-0914 (PR-957) is a potent and selective immunoproteasome inhibitor with minimal cross-reactivity for the constitutive proteasome in a cell-free assay.
Features:The first highly selective, small molecule inhibitor of the immunoproteasome. Potential use in cancer and autoimmune diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and lupus).
MLN9708 immediately hydrolyzed to MLN2238, the biologically active form, on exposure to aqueous solutions or plasma. MLN2238 inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50/Ki of 3.4 nM/0.93 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to β1 and little activity to β2. Phase 3.
Features:The 1st oral proteasome inhibitor in early stage clinical trials for Multiple Myeloma.
Celastrol is a potent proteasome inhibitor for the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM.
Features:A potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory drug.