Catalog No.S3777 Synonyms: Gentiopicrin
Molecular Weight(MW): 356.32
Gentiopicroside (GE), a naturally occurring iridoid glycoside, inhibits CYP2A6 and CYP2E1 with IC50 values of 21.8μg/ml and 594μg/ml, respectively in human liver microsomes, and dose not inhibit CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 activities.
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|Description||Gentiopicroside (GE), a naturally occurring iridoid glycoside, inhibits CYP2A6 and CYP2E1 with IC50 values of 21.8μg/ml and 594μg/ml, respectively in human liver microsomes, and dose not inhibit CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 activities.|
Gentiopicroside (GE) is a non-competitive inhibitor of CYP2A6 at lower concentrations and a competitive inhibitor at higher concentrations. Gentiopicroside does not produce inhibition of CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 activities. However, a significant increase of CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 activity is observed at high concentrations. In cultured human hepatocytes no significant induction of CYP1A2, CYP3A4 or CYP2B6 is observed.
|In vivo||Gentiopicroside (GE) has a low bioavailability (%F) after oral administration, which may be attributed to the first-pass metabolism in the gut wall or liver, metabolism or decomposition in the intestine by bacterial microflora, and/or poor absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. The Phase I clinical study shows that after intravenous infusion of 80, 240, and 400 mg GE, the mean Cmax are 3.501±0.566 μg/ml, 9.865±1.237 μg/ml, and 16.95±2.571 μg/ml, respectively. GPS can act as hepatoprotective, cholagogic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial agents.|
|In vitro||DMSO||71 mg/mL (199.25 mM)|
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