ROS

Inhibitory Selectivity

ROS Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1547

Febuxostat

Febuxostat is a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor with Ki of 0.6 nM.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) suppresses TNF-induced NF-κB activation through inhibition of IκB kinases. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) induces apoptosis via the mitochondria-dependent pathway. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) inhibits ferroptosis and virus replication.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S1630

Allopurinol

Allopurinol is a purine analog inhibitor of the enzyme xanthine oxidase, used to treat gout or kidney stones, and to decrease levels of uric acid.

S3616

Asiaticoside

Asiaticoside, the major active principle of Centella asiatica, prevents ultraviolet A-dependent photoaging by suppressing ultraviolet A-induced reactive oxygen species production. It also decreases DNA binding by MITF.

S3631

(S)-Methylisothiourea sulfate

(S)-Methylisothiourea sulfate is a potent inhibitor of inducible NO synthase (iNOS).

S4017

Allylthiourea

Allylthiourea is a metabolic inhibitor that selective inhibits ammonia oxidation.

S4853

Ecabet sodium

Ecabet sodium is a widely employed mucoprotective agent for the treatment of gastric ulcers. Ecabet sodium inhibits the ability of Helicobacter pylori to induce neutrophil production of reactive oxygen species and interleukin-8, Ecabet sodium can also reduce apoptosis.

S3816

Dehydroevodiamine

Dehydroevodiamine, a constituent of Evodia rutaecarpa, has various biological effects such as hypotensive, negative chronotropic, ion channel depressant, inhibition of nitric oxide production and cerebral blood flow enhancing activities. Dehydroevodiamine inhibits LPS-induced iNOS, COX-2, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression in murine macrophage cells.

S3973

L-SelenoMethionine

L-SelenoMethionine (SeMet), a naturally occurring amino acid, is a major food-form of selenium. It has been used as a supplement, and exhibits some important functions like cancer prevention and antioxidative defense.

S4603

Gallic acid

Gallic acid, known as powerful antioxidants, is an organic acid found in a variety of foods and herbs.

S1631

Allopurinol Sodium

Allopurinol Sodium is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor with an IC50 of 7.82±0.12 μM.

S9107

Glycitein

Glycitein is an aglycone isoflavone found in soy and red clover and exhibits a wide variety of beneficial properties, including neuroprotective, antioxidative, anticancer, anti-osteoporotic, and anti-atherosclerotic activities.

S2369

Troxerutin

Troxerutin, a natural bioflavonoid isolated from Sophora japonica, has been reported to have many benefits and medicinal properties. Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation.

S7873

Disodium (R)-2-Hydroxyglutarate

Disodium (R)-2-Hydroxyglutarate is a competitive inhibitor of α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases with Ki of 10.87 ± 1.85 mM.

S5452

Sanguinarine chloride

Sanguinarine, a plant alkaloid, is a potent and specific protein phosphatase (PP) 2C inhibitor. Sanguinarine chloride can stimulate apoptosis via activating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sanguinarine-induced apoptosis is associated with the activation of JNK and NF-κB.

S5263

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Disodium Salt

Pyrroloquinoline quinone, an aromatic tricyclic o-quinone, is a redox cofactor for bacterial dehydrogenases. It is an efficient electron transfer catalyst from a number of organic substrates to molecular oxygen (O2), constructing quinoprotein model reactions.

S3607

Sarsasapogenin

Sarsasapogenin (SAR) is a steroidal sapogenin. It can provoke the generation of reactive oxygen species and activate unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathways. SAR potently inhibits NF-κB and MAPK activation, as well as IRAK1, TAK1, and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages.

S8661

CA3(CIL56)

CA3(CIL56) has potent inhibitory effects on YAP1/Tead transcriptional activity and primarily targets YAP1 high and therapy-resistant esophageal adenocarcinoma cells endowed with CSC properties. CA3(CIL56) induces ferroptosis and iron-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS).

S5804

N-Acetylcysteine amide

N-acetylcysteine amide is a membrane penetrating antioxidant with anti-inflamatory activity through regulation of activation of NF-κB and HIF-1α as well as modulation of ROS.

S2399

Dihydromyricetin

Dihydromyricetin (Ampelopsin, Ampeloptin) is a natural antioxidant flavonoid from Ampelopsis grossedentata.

S4263

Efaproxiral Sodium

Efaproxiral Sodium is a synthetic allosteric modifier of hemoglobin, decreases Hb-oxygen (O2) binding affinity and enhances oxygenation of hypoxic tumours during radiation therapy. Efaproxiral Sodium is used for brain metastases originating from breast cancer.

S2605

Idebenone

Idebenone is a synthetic analog of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and a brain stimulant.

S2062

Tiopronin

Tiopronin is an antioxidant agent, used for the treatment of cystinuria by controlling the rate of cystine precipitation and excretion.

S4580

Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is a Melanin Synthesis Inhibitor. The physiologic effect of hydroquinone is by means of Depigmenting Activity. It also posesses antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney.

S4970

Nerol

Nerol is a monoterpene found in many essential oils such as lemongrass and hops. Nerol has antifungal activity, Nerol can trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and disruption via elevation of Ca2+ and ROS leading to apoptosis.

S5314

HTHQ(1-O-Hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone)

HTHQ, which is a hydroquinone monoalkylether, is a potent anti-oxidative and anti-lipid-peroxidative agent. HTHQ(1-O-Hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone) has considerable anti-oxidative activity by directly reacting with reactive oxygen species (ROS), including peroxyl radicals, and scavenging them to form more stable free radicals.

S3838

Carnosic acid

Carnosic acid is a phenolic diterpene, endowed with antioxidative and antimicrobial properties. It is increasingly used within food, nutritional health and cosmetics industries.

S3840

Baohuoside I

Baohuoside I (also known as Icariside II) is a flavonoid isolated from Epimedium koreanum Nakai with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. It may exert cytotoxic effect via the ROS/MAPK pathway.

S9021

(20R)Ginsenoside Rg3

(20R)Ginsenoside Rg3 is extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, red ginseng. It has a role as an antioxidant and a plant metabolite.

S9034

Isochlorogenic acid C

Isochlorogenic acid C, which is a di-O-caffeoyl derivative of chlorogenic acid, is a well-known antioxidant from herbal plants and shows anti-viral effects against EV71.

S2332

Neohesperidin

Neohesperidin, a flavanone glycoside found in citrus fruits, is an antioxidant agent.

S3885

Pyrogallol

Pyrogallol, an organic compound belonging to the phenol family, used as a photographic film developer and in the preparation of other chemicals. It is known to be a superoxide anion generator and ROS inducer.

S4511

6-Benzylaminopurine

6-Benzylaminopurine is a first-generation synthetic cytokinin which could regulate the activities of the antioxidant defense system of plants.Its treatment elicits plant growth and development.

S7551

Piperlongumine

Piperlongumine, a natural alkaloid from Piper longum L., increases the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selectively kills cancer cells. It is a direct TrxR1 inhibitor with suppressive activity against gastric cancer and a novel inhibitor of CRM1; also an inhibitor of PI3K/Akt/mTOR in human breast cancer cells.

S7867

Oleuropein

Oleuropein is an antioxidant polyphenol isolated from olive leaf. Phase 2.

S2363

Tangeretin

Tangeretin, a natural polymethoxylated flavone concentrated in the peel of citrus fruits, is known to have antiproliferative, antiinvasive, antimetastatic and antioxidant activities.

S4722

(+)-Catechin

Cianidanol is an antioxidant flavonoid, occurring especially in woody plants as both (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin (cis) forms.

S4723

(-)Epicatechin

(−)Epicatechin is a flavonoid present in cocoa, green tea and red wine. It is a strong antioxidant, has insulin mimic action and improves heart health.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1547

Febuxostat

Febuxostat is a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor with Ki of 0.6 nM.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) suppresses TNF-induced NF-κB activation through inhibition of IκB kinases. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) induces apoptosis via the mitochondria-dependent pathway. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) inhibits ferroptosis and virus replication.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S1630

Allopurinol

Allopurinol is a purine analog inhibitor of the enzyme xanthine oxidase, used to treat gout or kidney stones, and to decrease levels of uric acid.

S3616

Asiaticoside

Asiaticoside, the major active principle of Centella asiatica, prevents ultraviolet A-dependent photoaging by suppressing ultraviolet A-induced reactive oxygen species production. It also decreases DNA binding by MITF.

S3631

(S)-Methylisothiourea sulfate

(S)-Methylisothiourea sulfate is a potent inhibitor of inducible NO synthase (iNOS).

S4017

Allylthiourea

Allylthiourea is a metabolic inhibitor that selective inhibits ammonia oxidation.

S4853

Ecabet sodium

Ecabet sodium is a widely employed mucoprotective agent for the treatment of gastric ulcers. Ecabet sodium inhibits the ability of Helicobacter pylori to induce neutrophil production of reactive oxygen species and interleukin-8, Ecabet sodium can also reduce apoptosis.

S3816

Dehydroevodiamine

Dehydroevodiamine, a constituent of Evodia rutaecarpa, has various biological effects such as hypotensive, negative chronotropic, ion channel depressant, inhibition of nitric oxide production and cerebral blood flow enhancing activities. Dehydroevodiamine inhibits LPS-induced iNOS, COX-2, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expression in murine macrophage cells.

S3973

L-SelenoMethionine

L-SelenoMethionine (SeMet), a naturally occurring amino acid, is a major food-form of selenium. It has been used as a supplement, and exhibits some important functions like cancer prevention and antioxidative defense.

S4603

Gallic acid

Gallic acid, known as powerful antioxidants, is an organic acid found in a variety of foods and herbs.

S1631

Allopurinol Sodium

Allopurinol Sodium is a xanthine oxidase inhibitor with an IC50 of 7.82±0.12 μM.

S9107

Glycitein

Glycitein is an aglycone isoflavone found in soy and red clover and exhibits a wide variety of beneficial properties, including neuroprotective, antioxidative, anticancer, anti-osteoporotic, and anti-atherosclerotic activities.

S2369

Troxerutin

Troxerutin, a natural bioflavonoid isolated from Sophora japonica, has been reported to have many benefits and medicinal properties. Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation.

S7873

Disodium (R)-2-Hydroxyglutarate

Disodium (R)-2-Hydroxyglutarate is a competitive inhibitor of α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases with Ki of 10.87 ± 1.85 mM.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S5452

Sanguinarine chloride

Sanguinarine, a plant alkaloid, is a potent and specific protein phosphatase (PP) 2C inhibitor. Sanguinarine chloride can stimulate apoptosis via activating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sanguinarine-induced apoptosis is associated with the activation of JNK and NF-κB.

S5263

Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Disodium Salt

Pyrroloquinoline quinone, an aromatic tricyclic o-quinone, is a redox cofactor for bacterial dehydrogenases. It is an efficient electron transfer catalyst from a number of organic substrates to molecular oxygen (O2), constructing quinoprotein model reactions.

S3607

Sarsasapogenin

Sarsasapogenin (SAR) is a steroidal sapogenin. It can provoke the generation of reactive oxygen species and activate unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathways. SAR potently inhibits NF-κB and MAPK activation, as well as IRAK1, TAK1, and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages.

S8661

CA3(CIL56)

CA3(CIL56) has potent inhibitory effects on YAP1/Tead transcriptional activity and primarily targets YAP1 high and therapy-resistant esophageal adenocarcinoma cells endowed with CSC properties. CA3(CIL56) induces ferroptosis and iron-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS).

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S5804

N-Acetylcysteine amide

N-acetylcysteine amide is a membrane penetrating antioxidant with anti-inflamatory activity through regulation of activation of NF-κB and HIF-1α as well as modulation of ROS.

S2399

Dihydromyricetin

Dihydromyricetin (Ampelopsin, Ampeloptin) is a natural antioxidant flavonoid from Ampelopsis grossedentata.

S4263

Efaproxiral Sodium

Efaproxiral Sodium is a synthetic allosteric modifier of hemoglobin, decreases Hb-oxygen (O2) binding affinity and enhances oxygenation of hypoxic tumours during radiation therapy. Efaproxiral Sodium is used for brain metastases originating from breast cancer.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S2605

Idebenone

Idebenone is a synthetic analog of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and a brain stimulant.

S2062

Tiopronin

Tiopronin is an antioxidant agent, used for the treatment of cystinuria by controlling the rate of cystine precipitation and excretion.

S4580

Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is a Melanin Synthesis Inhibitor. The physiologic effect of hydroquinone is by means of Depigmenting Activity. It also posesses antioxidant properties that can cause toxicity in several organs, notably the kidney.

S4970

Nerol

Nerol is a monoterpene found in many essential oils such as lemongrass and hops. Nerol has antifungal activity, Nerol can trigger mitochondrial dysfunction and disruption via elevation of Ca2+ and ROS leading to apoptosis.

S5314

HTHQ(1-O-Hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone)

HTHQ, which is a hydroquinone monoalkylether, is a potent anti-oxidative and anti-lipid-peroxidative agent. HTHQ(1-O-Hexyl-2,3,5-trimethylhydroquinone) has considerable anti-oxidative activity by directly reacting with reactive oxygen species (ROS), including peroxyl radicals, and scavenging them to form more stable free radicals.

S3838

Carnosic acid

Carnosic acid is a phenolic diterpene, endowed with antioxidative and antimicrobial properties. It is increasingly used within food, nutritional health and cosmetics industries.

S3840

Baohuoside I

Baohuoside I (also known as Icariside II) is a flavonoid isolated from Epimedium koreanum Nakai with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. It may exert cytotoxic effect via the ROS/MAPK pathway.

S9021

(20R)Ginsenoside Rg3

(20R)Ginsenoside Rg3 is extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, red ginseng. It has a role as an antioxidant and a plant metabolite.

S9034

Isochlorogenic acid C

Isochlorogenic acid C, which is a di-O-caffeoyl derivative of chlorogenic acid, is a well-known antioxidant from herbal plants and shows anti-viral effects against EV71.

S2332

Neohesperidin

Neohesperidin, a flavanone glycoside found in citrus fruits, is an antioxidant agent.

S3885

Pyrogallol

Pyrogallol, an organic compound belonging to the phenol family, used as a photographic film developer and in the preparation of other chemicals. It is known to be a superoxide anion generator and ROS inducer.

S4511

6-Benzylaminopurine

6-Benzylaminopurine is a first-generation synthetic cytokinin which could regulate the activities of the antioxidant defense system of plants.Its treatment elicits plant growth and development.

S7551

Piperlongumine

Piperlongumine, a natural alkaloid from Piper longum L., increases the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selectively kills cancer cells. It is a direct TrxR1 inhibitor with suppressive activity against gastric cancer and a novel inhibitor of CRM1; also an inhibitor of PI3K/Akt/mTOR in human breast cancer cells.

S7867

Oleuropein

Oleuropein is an antioxidant polyphenol isolated from olive leaf. Phase 2.

S2363

Tangeretin

Tangeretin, a natural polymethoxylated flavone concentrated in the peel of citrus fruits, is known to have antiproliferative, antiinvasive, antimetastatic and antioxidant activities.

S4722

(+)-Catechin

Cianidanol is an antioxidant flavonoid, occurring especially in woody plants as both (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin (cis) forms.

S4723

(-)Epicatechin

(−)Epicatechin is a flavonoid present in cocoa, green tea and red wine. It is a strong antioxidant, has insulin mimic action and improves heart health.