Catalog No.S7397 Synonyms: BAY 43-9006
Molecular Weight(MW): 464.82
Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1, B-Raf and VEGFR-2 with IC50 of 6 nM, 22 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.
Cited by 60 Publications
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Inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway results in downregulation of Plk-1 protein expression. (a) WB analysis for Plk-1 protein after treatment of human melanoma cell lines M14 and WM-115 with MEK 1/2 inhibitor PD98059 (10 μM), JNK inhibitor (16 μM), p38 inhibitor SB203580 (20 μM), and multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (10 μM) for 48 h showing significant reduction in the expression of Plk-1 protein after 48 hours. (b) Annexin V/PI staining of cells treated with MAPK inhibitors and induction of apoptosis. JNK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase; MAPK, mitogen-activated protein kinase; MEK 1/2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2; Plk-1, polo-like kinase 1; WB, western blot.
J Invest Dermatol 2011 131, 1886–1895. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
(A) were exposed to 200 uM gentamicin for various time periods. Immunoreactivity for phosphorylated JNK (green) and c-Jun (blue) in hair cells increased in a time-dependent manner. B. Hair cells from explants pre-treated with 500 nM sorafenib displayed a near complete inhibition of JNK activation at all time points analyzed.
J Neurosci 2013 33(7), 3079-93. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
Sorafenib in combination with metformin or the AMPK activator salicylate enhances AMPK activation. a, b, AMPK activation with the combination of sorafenib and metformin in LKB1 mutant KRAS mutant (A549 and H460) NSCLC cells (a), LKB1 wild-type KRAS mutant (H358) (b, left panel) or LKB1 mutant KRAS wild-type (H838) NSCLC cells (b, right panel). Cells were treated for 48 hr with sorafenib (1-3 uM), metformin (1–1.5 mM) or the combination of sorafenib and metformin with the same concentrations as were used for the individual treatments. c, AMPK activation with the combination of sorafenib and salicylate in LKB1 mutant KRAS mutant (A549 and H460) or LKB1 mutant KRAS wild-type (H838) NSCLC cells. Cells were treated for 48 hr with sorafenib (1–3 uM), salicylate (1–1.5 mM) or the combination of sorafenib and salicylate with the same concentrations as were used for the individual treatments. Cell lysates were harvested for western blot analysis and probed with the indicated antibodies.
Int J Cancer 2012 10.1002/ijc.29113.. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
Involvement of EV linc-VLDLR in tumor cell responses to chemotherapy. Cells were incubated with sorafenib, camptothecin, or doxorubicin. EVs were obtained after 24 hours, and qRT-PCR was performed for linc-VLDLR. The bars represent the mean ?SEM of the increase in cell viability from 3 independent studies. *, P < 0.05.
Mol Cancer Res 2014 12(10), 1377-87. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
Sorafenib and PX-866 interact to suppress tumor growth in vivo. Mice were PO administered vehicle diluent, sorafenib (25 mg/kg), PX-866 (2 mg/kg), or the drug combination QD for 3 days. Animals were monitored daily and tumor volume determined every fifth day. Tumors from animals were isolated at day 15 and fixed, sectioned (10-um), and stained against proliferation (Ki67 staining), phospho-ERK1/2 and phospho-AKT staining, the levels of tumor cell apoptosis/cleaved caspase 3, as well as with H&E and 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI).
Mol Pharmacol 2013 84(4), 562-71. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
Effects of sorafenib or sunitinib on LicA-induced cell death, ER stress responses, PLCc1, Ca2+, and ROS in HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells were pretreated with sorafenib or sunitinib for 1 h, then treated with LicA or TG for 1 h (for P-eIF2a and P-PLCc1) or 24 h (for CHOP, ATF6a(p90), and caspase-4). The cell lysates were subjected to Western blot analyses using antibodies against CHOP, ATF6a(p90), caspase-4(C), P-eIF2a, and b-actin.
Apoptosis 2014 19(4), 682-97. Sorafenib purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1, B-Raf and VEGFR-2 with IC50 of 6 nM, 22 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.|
Sorafenib inhibits both wild-type and V599E mutant B-Raf activity with IC50 of 22 nM and 38 nM, respectively. Sorafenib also potently inhibits mVEGFR2 (Flk-1), mVEGFR3, mPDGFRβ, Flt3, and c-Kit with IC50 of 15 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 58 nM, and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib weakly inhibits FGFR-1 with IC50 of 580 nM. Sorafenib tosylate is not active against ERK-1, MEK-1, EGFR, HER-2, IGFR-1, c-Met, PKB, PKA, cdk1/cyclinB, PKCα, PKCγ, and pim-1. Sorafenib markedly inhibits VEGFR2 phosphorylation in NIH 3T3 cells with IC50 of 30 nM, and Flt-3 phosphorylation in HEK-293 cells with IC50 of 20 nM. Sorafenib potently blocks MEK 1/2 and ERK 1/2 phosphorylation in most cell lines but not in A549 or H460 cells, while having no effect on inhibition of the PKB pathway. Sorafenib inhibits the proliferation of HAoSMC and MDA-MB-231 cells with IC50 of 0.28 μM and 2.6 μM, respectively.  In addition to inhibition of the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, Sorafenib significantly inhibits the phosphorylation of eIF4E and down-regulates Mcl-1 levels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in a MEK/ERK-independent manner. Sorafenib inhibits the proliferation of PLC/PRF/5 and HepG2 cells with IC50 of 6.3 μM and 4.5 μM, respectively, and leads to the significant induction of apoptosis. 
|In vivo||Oral administration of Sorafenib (~60 mg/kg) demonstrates broad spectrum, dose-dependent anti-tumor activity against a variety of human tumor xenograft models including MDA-MB-231, Colo-205, HT-29, DLD-1, NCI-H460, and A549, with no evidence of toxicity. In association with the anti-tumor efficacy, Sorafenib treatment potently inhibits MEK 1/2 phosphorylation and pERK 1/2 levels in HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 xenografts but not in Colo-205 xenografts, and significantly suppresses tumor microvessel area (MVA) and microvessel density (MVD) in MDA MB-231, HT-29 and Colo-205 tumor xenografts.  Sorafenib treatment produces dose-dependent growth inhibition of PLC/PRF/5 tumor xenografts in SCID mice with TGIs of 49% and 78% at 10 mg/kg and 30 mg/kg, respectively, consistent with the inhibition of ERK and eIF4E phosphorylation, reduction of the microvessel area, and induction of tumor cell apoptosis.  Sorafenib sensitizes bax-/- cells to TRAIL in a dose-dependent manner, through a mechanism involving down-regulating NF-κB mediated Mcl-1 and cIAP2 expression. Combining Sorafenib (30-60 mg/kg) with TRAIL (5 mg/kg) show dramatic efficacy in TRAIL-resistant HCT116 bax-/- and HT29 tumor xenografts. |
Biochemical assays:Recombinant baculoviruses expressing Raf-1 (residues 305–648) and B-Raf (residues 409–765) are purified as fusion proteins. Full-length human MEK-1 is generated by PCR and purified as a fusion protein from Escherichia coli lysates. Sorafenib tosylate is added to a mixture of Raf-1 (80 ng), or B-Raf (80 ng) with MEK-1 (1 μg) in assay buffer [20 mM Tris (pH 8.2), 100 mM NaCl, 5 mM MgCl2, and 0.15% β-mercaptoethanol] at a final concentration of 1% DMSO. The Raf kinase assay (final volume of 50 μL) is initiated by adding 25 μL of 10 μM γ[33P]ATP (400 Ci/mol) and incubated at 32 °C for 25 minutes. Phosphorylated MEK-1 is harvested by filtration onto a phosphocellulose mat, and 1% phosphoric acid is used to wash away unbound radioactivity. After drying by microwave heating, a β-plate counter is used to quantify filter-bound radioactivity. Human VEGFR2 (KDR) kinase domain is expressed and purified from Sf9 lysates. Time-resolved fluorescence energy transfer assays for VEGFR2 are performed in 96-well opaque plates in the time-resolved fluorescence energy transfer format. Final reaction conditions are as follows: 1 to 10 μM ATP, 25 nM poly GT-biotin, 2 nM Europium-labeled phospho (p)-Tyr antibody (PY20), 10 nM APC, 1 to 7 nM cytoplasmic kinase domain in final concentrations of 1% DMSO, 50 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.015% Brij-35, 0.1 mg/mL BSA, and 0.1% β-mercaptoethanol. Reaction volumes are 100 μL and are initiated by addition of enzyme. Plates are read at both 615 and 665 nM on a Perkin-Elmer VictorV Multilabel counter at ~1.5 to 2.0 hours after reaction initiation. Signal is calculated as a ratio: (665 nm/615 nM) × 10,000 for each well. For IC50 generation, Sorafenib tosylate is added before the enzyme initiation. A 50-fold stock plate is made with Sorafenib tosylate serially diluted 1:3 in a 50% DMSO/50% distilled water solution. Final Sorafenib tosylate concentrations range from 10 μM to 4.56 nM in 1% DMSO.
|In vitro||DMSO||63 mg/mL (135.53 mM) warming|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02834546||Not yet recruiting||Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)||University Hospital, Bordeaux||September 2016||--|
|NCT02836847||Recruiting||Cholangiocarcinoma of the Extrahepatic Bile Duct|Gallbladder Cancer||Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine|Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine|Ruijin Hospital|RenJi Hospital|Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital|Huashan Hospital||July 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02575339||Recruiting||Hepatocellular Carcinoma|Liver Cancer|HCC||Bert ONeil, MD|Hoosier Cancer Research Network|Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.|Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium||July 2016||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02747537||Not yet recruiting||Pediatric Solid Tumors||Washington University School of Medicine||July 2016||Phase 2|
|NCT02774187||Recruiting||Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Sun Yat-sen University||May 2016||Phase 3|
|NCT02616692||Recruiting||Hepatocellular Cancer||Bayer||May 2016||--|
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