VX-745

Catalog No.S1458

VX-745 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 436.26

VX-745 is a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α with IC50 of 10 nM, 22-fold greater selectivity versus p38β and no inhibition to p38γ.

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Biological Activity

Description VX-745 is a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α with IC50 of 10 nM, 22-fold greater selectivity versus p38β and no inhibition to p38γ.
Features A potent and selective inhibitor to p38α and p38β MAPK.
Targets
p38α [1] p38β [1]
10 nM 220 nM
In vitro

VX-745 selectively inhibits p38α and p38β MAPK with IC50 of 10 nM and 220 nM, respectively, but not p38γ MAPK and a large panel of other kinases, with IC50 larger than 20 µM. In a human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) assay, VX-745 provides IC50 of 56 and 52 nM for IL-1β and TNFα, respectively. VX-745 blocks IL-6 and IL-8 production induced by IL-1 and TNFα, and COX-2 synthesis mediated by LPS and IL-1β. [1-3] VX-745 (60 nM-20 µM) inhibits IL-6 and VEGF secretion in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), without affecting their viability. VX-745 also inhibits TNF-α-induced IL-6 secretion in BMSCs. VX-745 inhibits both multiple myeloma (MM) cell proliferation and IL-6 secretion in BMSCs triggered by adherence of MM cells to BMSCs, suggesting that VX-745 can inhibit paracrine multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth in the BM milieu and overcome cell adhesion-related drug resistance. [4]

In vivo VX-745 is effective against adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in the rat with ED50 of 5 mg/kg. Histological scores for VX-745 in AA rats are 93% inhibition of bone resorption and 56% inhibition of inflammation. In the classical cartilage-induced arthritis model, VX-745 exhibits a dose-responsive decrease in severity score. [1-3] In a type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice model, VX-745 (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg) has 27%, 31%, and 44% improvement in the inflammatory scores, respectively, when compared to vehicle-treated mice. In addition, histological scores show a 32-39% protection of bone and cartilage erosion by VX-745. [5]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[5]
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Spectrophotometric coupled-enzyme assay:

The IC50 for the inhibition of p38α and p38β homologs are obtained by a spectrophotometric coupled-enzyme assay. A fixed concentration of enzyme (15 nM of p38α or p38β) is incubated with VX-745 in DMSO for 10 min. at 30 °C in 0.1 M HEPES buffer, pH 7.5, containing 10% glycerol, 10 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM phosphoenolpyruvate, 200 µM NADH, 150 µg/mL pyruvate kinase, 50 µg/mL lactate dehydrogenase, and 200 µM EGF receptor peptide (KRELVEPLTPSGEAPNQALLR). The reaction is initiated with 100 µM and 70 µM ATP for p38α and p38β assays, respectively. The decrease of absorbance at 340 nm is monitored to follow the rate of the reaction. IC50 is evaluated from the rate data as a function of the inhibitor concentration.
Cell Research:[4]
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  • Cell lines: Human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and multiple myeloma (MM) cells
  • Concentrations: 60 nM - 20 μM, dissolved in DMSO.
  • Incubation Time: 48 hours
  • Method: BMSCs (5 × 104 cells/well) or MM cells (3 × 104 cells/well) are incubated in 96-well culture plates in the presence or absence of VX-745 for 48 hours at 37 °C. DNA synthesis is measured by [3H]-thymidine ([3H]TdR) uptake. Cells are pulsed with [3H]TdR (0.5 μCi/well [.0185 MBq]) during the last 8 hours of 48-hour cultures. Growth inhibition of both MM cells and BMSCs by VX-745 is also assessed by measuring 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) dye absorbance.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[5]
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  • Animal Models: Type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice model (DBA/1J)
  • Formulation: Dissolved in 100% polyethylene glycol
  • Dosages: 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg
  • Administration: Oral gavage twice daily
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 15 mg/mL (34.38 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents individually and in order:
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 436.26
Formula

C19H9Cl2F2N3OS

CAS No. 209410-46-8
Storage powder
Synonyms N/A

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT02423200 Active, not recruiting Alzheimers Disease EIP Pharma, LLC April 2015 Phase 2
NCT02423122 Active, not recruiting Alzheimers Disease|Mild Cognitive Impairment EIP Pharma, LLC April 2015 Phase 2

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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID