Catalog No.S1401 Synonyms: GS-1278

Tenofovir  Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 287.21

Tenofovir blocks reverse transcriptase and hepatitis B virus infections.

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In DMSO USD 110 In stock
USD 97 In stock
USD 270 In stock
USD 570 In stock
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  • The Nucleotide analog reverse-transcriptase inhibitor Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate was added to TZM-bl cells. Cells were inoculated with 0.05 ng mock-exposed and semen-exposed HIV, and 0.5 ng HIV as infectivity-matched control. Infection rates were measured 3 days post infection by measuring β-galactosidase or or 4 days post infection by measuring luciferase activities. The left panels show the mean enzyme activities ± standard deviation derived from triplicate infections. RLU/s: relative light units per second. Middle panels show normalized infection rates in which reporter enzyme activities obtained from infected cells in the absence of inhibitor were set at 100%. The right panels depict the calculated IC50 values. The number above the bar represents the fold-change in the IC50 derived from 0.05 ng semen-exposed relative to 0.05 or 0.5 ng mock-exposed virus infection. Ns, no statistically significant difference; **** p<0.0001; *** p<0.001 (unpaired t-test).

    Sci Transl Med, 2014, 6(262):262ra157.. Tenofovir purchased from Selleck.

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Biological Activity

Description Tenofovir blocks reverse transcriptase and hepatitis B virus infections.
Features Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is the prodrug form of tenofovir.
Reverse transcriptase [1]
In vitro

Tenofovir reduces the viral cytopathic effect of HIV-1(IIIB), HIV-2(ROD) and HIV(EHO) with EC50 of 1.15 μg/mL, 1.12 μg/mL and 1.05 μg/mL in MT-4 cells. Tenofovir also reduces the viral cytopathic effect of SIV(mac251) , SIV(B670) ,SHIV(89.6) and SHIV(RTSHIV). [1] Tenofovir is uniquely active against multinucleoside-resistant HIV expressing the Q151M mutation, but shows reduced susceptibility to the T69S insertion mutations. [2] Tenofovir inhibits hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity in HepG2 2.2.15, HepAD38 and HepAD79 cells. [3] Tenofovir (4 μM) completely inhibits the growth of HIVIIIB in MT-2 cells. Tenofovir inhibits synthesis of negative strand strong-stop DNA with IC50 of 9 µM for wild-type RT, 6 µM for M184V RT and 50 µM for K65R RT. [4]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human MT2 cells M4HCZWZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 M4XicFUh\GG7cx?= Mnj6RY51cX[rcnHsJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgTGlXOSB|QjDpcoZm[3SnZDDpckBpfW2jbjDNWFIh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhcW6qaXLpeIlwdiCxZjD2bZJ2ey2rbnT1Z4VlKGO7dH;wZZRpcWNiZX\m[YN1KGGodHXyJFUh\GG7czDifUBZXFRiYYPzZZktKEWFNUC9NE4xOTNizszN M2LuTVIxPDB7N{Kx
human H9 cells M2naXmZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MXPBcpRqfmm{YXygZYN1cX[rdImgZYdicW6|dDDITXYyKGOuYXTlJGYhcXOxbHH0[UAzOzN6IHnu[oVkfGWmIHnuJIh2dWGwIFi5JINmdGy|IHHzd4V{e2WmIHHzJIlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZidnnyZYwhemWybHnjZZRqd25uIFXDOVA:OC5yNDFOwG0> NETQTlQzOThyM{S2Ni=>
C3H/3T3 cells M1PV[WZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 NHfIcVI3KGSjeYO= MYrJcohq[mm2aX;uJI9nKG23cnnu[UB{[XKlb33hJJZqenW|LXnu[JVk\WRidILhcpNnd3KvYYTpc44hd2ZibX;1d4Uh\W2kconvJIZq[nKxYnzhd5QhSzOKL{PUN{Bk\WyuczDh[pRmeiB4IHThfZMtKEWFNUC9NE4zOyEQvF2= NFrnNHgyQDV3NkKwPS=>
CEM (human leukemia) cells NELxTm9HfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MnLGRY51cX[rcnHsJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgTGlXNTFiKFnJTWIqKGmwIFPFUUApcHWvYX6gcIV2c2WvaXGpJINmdGy|LDDFR|UxRTFwMjFOwG0> NHXhbGgyPDV6NEm1Oi=>
MT-4 cells NGm2OGpHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= NXS1RXJrUW5idnn0do8h[W62aY\pdoFtKGGldHn2bZR6KGGpYXnud5QhUEmYLUKgbY4hVVRvNDDj[YxteyxiRVO1NF0yNjRizszN MX[xNVMzPzV6Nx?=
human bone marrow cells M2fCUWN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> Ml7KNlQhcA>? M{XDcmN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJIJwdmVibXHydo94KGOnbHzzJIFnfGW{IEK0JIhzeyCkeTDCSnUuTSCjc4PhfUwhS0N3ME2zMlUh|ryP MVWyNFQ{QTZyOR?=
C8166 cells M4HYNWZ2dmO2aX;uJIF{e2G7 MkT2OEBl[Xm| NUPhXIkxSW62aY\pdoFtKGGldHn2bZR6KGGpYXnud5QhOTByIGTDTWQ2OCC5aXzkMZR6eGViSIXtZY4hcW2vdX7v[IVncWOrZX7jfUB3cXK3czD0fZBmKDJiUl;EJIlv\mWldHXkJIlvKEN6MU[2JINmdGy|IHHzd4V{e2WmIHHzJIlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2Zic4nuZ5l1cWFiZn;ycYF1cW:wIHHmeIVzKDRiZHH5d{BjgSCvaXPyc5Nkd3CrYzDhcoFtgXOrczygSWM2OD15LkGg{txO NVuzbFI1OjF6MEO0OlI>
mouse L1210 cells NHvVOWZEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MYW0PEBp NIKycGdEgXSxc4TheIlkKGGldHn2bZR6KGGpYXnud5QhdW:3c3WgUFEzOTBiY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgOFghcHK|IHL5JINwfWy2ZYKgZ492dnSrbnegZY5idHm|aYOsJGlEPTB;MUGg{txO MnnaNlQ3QDZyMUK=
human HepG2 cells NYH1fGdxTnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= MWG5JIRigXN? NW[1T|hESW62aY\pdoFtKGGldHn2bZR6KGGpYXnud5QhUGWyYYTpeIl{KEJidnnyeZMhcW6oZXP0[YQhcHWvYX6gTIVxTzJiY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgPUBl[Xm|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xNk4{KM7:TR?= M4DYbFE4QDh6Nk[y
human HeLa cells NWrBfIVoS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 MlzLO|IhcA>? NEeySHdEgXSxc4TheIlkKGGldHn2bZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTIVN[SClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC3NkBpenNiYomgZ492dHSncjDjc5VvfGmwZzDhcoFtgXOrczygTWM2OD1zNzFOwG0> Mo\2NlQ3QDZyMUK=
CHO cells MVjDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= M{fVbVEzOCCq M{frOmN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KEOKTzDj[YxteyCjZoTldkAyOjBiaILzJIJ6KEOnbHytWIl1\XJiR3zvJIF{e2G7LDDDR|UxRTJzIN88US=> M3fQXFE6ODBzMUC4
MDCK2 cells MmHJSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? MYexNEDPxE1? MkPRTY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iCqdX3hckBOWlB|IHX4dJJme3OnZDDpckBOTEONMjDj[YxteyCjc4Pld5Nm\CCjczDpcoNz\WG|ZTDpckBqdnS{YXPlcIx2dGG{IFPNSkBndHWxcnXzZ4Vv[2ViYYSgNVAhfU1iYomgR21HTEFiYYPzZZk> NU\5[5pWOTdzN{KzNVE>
human HepG2 cells NXW4PJJVS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 Mk\YNVQh\GG7cx?= MojRR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTIVxTzJiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiaX7obYJqfGmxbjDv[kBk\WyudXzhdkBFVkFicnXwcIlk[XSrb36gZYZ1\XJiMUSg[IF6ew>? NHTxfoIzODRyOUeyNS=>

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

In vivo Tenofovir (30 mg/kg) completely prevents SIV infection in all macaques without toxicity. Tenofovir treatment reduces plasma viral RNA levels to undetectable, with parallel decreases in the infectivity of plasma and infectious cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and stabilization of CD4+ T-cell numbers. Tenofovir (30 mg/kg, s.c.) completely abrogates HIV infection via intravaginal exposure in pig-tailed macaques. [5]


Animal Research:[1]
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  • Animal Models: Macaques
  • Formulation: Saline
  • Dosages: 30 mg/kg
  • Administration: Subcutaneously
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 4 mg/mL warmed (13.92 mM)
Water 2 mg/mL (6.96 mM)
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 287.21


CAS No. 147127-20-6
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms GS-1278

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT03032536 Recruiting Hepatitis B|Chronic Hepatitis B|Viral Hepatitis B Alios Biopharma Inc. January 31, 2017 Phase 1
NCT03048422 Not yet recruiting HIV Infections National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) April 30, 2017 Phase 3
NCT00524173 Recruiting Hepatitis B National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) August 29, 2007 Phase 2
NCT03043326 Recruiting HIV Prevention Asociación Civil Impacta Salud y Educación, Peru|Gilead Sciences January 23, 2017 --
NCT02454764 Not yet recruiting HBV Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, India May 2017 --
NCT02937779 Not yet recruiting Hepatitis B Chronic Infection|Pregnancy French National Institute for Health and Medical Research-French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (Inserm-ANRS) April 2017 Phase 4

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Reverse Transcriptase Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID