Molecular Weight(MW): 628.63
R406 is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in cell-free assays, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. Phase 1.
Cited by 15 Publications
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The patient's CLL cells were exposed to dabrafenib, vemurafenib, R406, or DMSO as control at the indicated concentrations, and the resulting Western blot and the RAS-GTP/tRAS ratios are shown. One of 3 independent experiments with similar results is shown.
J Clin Invest 2014 124(11), 5074-84. R406 purchased from Selleck.
Platelets (3 x 108/mL) were preincubated with Y27632 (10 uM), R406 (1 uM), or a combination of Y27632 and R406 for 20 minutes followed by stimulation with oxLDL (50 ug/mL) for 15 seconds and lysis. Samples were then separated by SDS-PAGE and were immunoblotted for phospho-MLCSer19, followed by reprobing for β-tubulin. (Fi) Representative blots. (Fii) Densitometric analysis of 3 independent experiments. *P < .05. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. Experiments were carried out in the presence of apyrase (2 U/mL), indomethacin (10 uM), and EGTA (1 mM).
Blood 2014 122(4), 580-9. R406 purchased from Selleck.
(C) Z-138 and JEKO-1 cells were simultaneously exposed to sorafenib and R406 at the indicated doses, and cell viability was determined at 48 hours by annexin V/PI staining. Bars represent the mean ± SD of 3 independent experiments. CI value is indicated for each combination. (D) Primary MCL cells from 7 patients were simultaneously exposed to sorafenib and R406 at the indicated doses for 48 hours, and cell viability was determined as above. Bars represent the mean ± SEM of all the samples analyzed. CI value is indicated for each combination.
Clin Cancer Res 2013 19, 586-597. R406 purchased from Selleck.
Neutrophils were pretreated or untreated with the indicated concentrations of R406 for 1 hr. The cells were stimulated with SAA (5 ug/ml) for 4 hr. The cells were harvested and analyzed for NLRP3 mRNA by RT-PCR. Three experiments were performed using different neutrophils and a representative result is shown.
PLoS One 2014 9(5), e96703. R406 purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||R406 is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in cell-free assays, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. Phase 1.|
|Features||Lead drug candidate for rheumatoid arthritis.|
R406 is a potent inhibitor of immunoglobulin E (IgE)- and IgG-mediated activation of Fc receptor signaling. R406 inhibits the anti-IgE-induced production and release of LTC4 and cytokines and chemokines, including TNFα, IL-8, and GM-CSF. R406 inhibits phosphorylation of Syk substrate linker for activation of T cells in mast cells and B-cell linker protein/SLP65 in B cells. R406 binds to the ATP binding pocket of Syk and inhibits its kinase activity as an ATP-competitive inhibitor with Ki of 30 nM. R406 blocks Syk-dependent FcR-mediated activation of monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils and Bcr-mediated activation of B lymphocytes.  R406 significantly induces chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cell apoptosis in nurselike cells cocultures and blocks CCL3 and CCL4 secretion by CLL cells in response to B-cell antigen receptor (Bcr) triggering.  R406 is a potent inhibitor of platelet signaling and functions initiated by FcγRIIA cross-linking by specific antibodies or by sera from HIT patients. 
|In vivo||R406 reduces cutaneous reverse passive Arthus reaction by approximately 86% at 5 mg/kg in prophylactic treated mice. R406 also shows efficacy in inhibiting paw inflammation in antibody-induced arthritis mouse models.  R406 does not adversely affect macrophage or neutrophil function in innate immune responses and has minimal functional immunotoxicity notwithstanding its lymphocytopenic effect. |
|In vitro||DMSO||126 mg/mL (200.43 mM)|
|Ethanol||8 mg/mL (12.72 mM)|
|In vivo||30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% Propylene glycol||30mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What’s the difference between S1533 and S2194?
S1533 and S2194 are two different forms of R406. S1533 is the free base form, containing only R406 molecule without a acid added to it. S2194 has an additional C6H6O3S acid on it which makes the molecule a salt form. The free base and salt forms have same biology activities. Free base has a lower molecular weight and salt form has a better solubility in DMSO.