Nilotinib (AMN-107)

Nilotinib (AMN-107) is a Bcr-Abl inhibitor with IC50 less than 30 nM.

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Nilotinib (AMN-107) Chemical Structure

Nilotinib (AMN-107) Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 529.52

Validation & Quality Control

Customer Reviews(2)

Quality Control & MSDS

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Product Information

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  • Research Area
  • Combination Therapy
    Combination Therapy

Product Description

Biological Activity

Description Nilotinib (AMN-107) is a Bcr-Abl inhibitor with IC50 less than 30 nM.
Targets Bcr-Abl [1]
IC50 <30 nM
In vitro Nilotinib inhibits proliferation, migration, and actin filament formation, as well as the expression of α-SMA and collagen in activated HSCs. Nilotinib induces apoptosis of HSCs, which is correlated with reduced bcl-2 expression, increases p53 expression, cleavage of PARP, as well as increases expression of PPARγ and TRAIL-R. Nilotinib also induces cell cycle arrest, accompanied by increased expression of p27 and downregulation of cyclin D1. Interestingly, Nilotinib not only inhibits activation of PDGFR, but also TGFRII through Src. Nilotinib significantly inhibits PDGF and TGFβ-simulated phosphorylation of ERK and Akt. Furthermore, PDGF- and TGFβ-activated phosphorylated form(s) of Abl in human HSCs are inhibited by Nilotinib. [2] Nilotinib inhibits most imatinib-resistant Bcr-Abl mutations, except for T315I. [3] Nilotinib inhibits PDGF-DD-mediated ERK1/2 activation, basal and PDGF-DD-mediated activation of PDGFRβ and Akt, and schwannoma proliferation. Nilotinib is more potent than imatinib, exerting its maximal inhibitory effect at concentrations lower than steady-state trough plasma levels. [4] Nilotinib also significantly reduces the expression levels of the genes for TGF-β1 and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Nilotinib treatment also significantly inhibits the PDGF-induced proliferation of lung fibroblasts. [5] Nilotinib inhibits the proliferation of Ba/F3 cells expressing p210- and p190-Bcr-Abl, or K562 and Ku-812F cells with IC50 values ≤12 nM. [6]
In vivo Nilotinib reduces collagen deposition and α-SMA expression in CCl4 and BDL-induced fibrosis. Nilotinib could induce HSC undergoing apoptosis, which is correlated with downregulation of bcl-2. [2] Nilotinib attenuates the extent of lung injury and fibrosis. Nilotinib therapy significantly reduces the levels of hydroxyproline on days 14 and 21, which is accompanied by decreased expression levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and PDGFRβ. [5] AMN107 prolongs survival of mice injected with Bcr-Abl-transformed hematopoietic cell lines or primary marrow cells, and prolongs survival in imatinib-resistant CML mouse models. [6]
Features A selective inhibitor of native and mutant Bcr-Abl.

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Cell Assay: [4]

Cell lines Human primary Schwann and schwannoma cells
Concentrations 1-10 μM
Incubation Time 72 hours
Method Human primary Schwann and schwannoma cells are seeded on precoated 96-well plates. Nilotinib is added 40 minutes before stimulation with 100 ng/mL PDGF-DD, and cells are cultured for 72 hours (3 days). Because the half-life of Nilotinib is 18 hours, one-half of the originally added concentrations are added freshly every day. In addition to DAPI staining and determination of the total cell number, the more sensitive and accurate BrdU incorporation method is used to detect proliferating cells. Total cell amount (DAPI) and number of dividing cells (BrdU-positive) are blindly counted using an inverted fluorescent microscope and 200 × magnification. All cells in every well are counted. The total cell number per well differed between various cell batches and is 100–300 cells/well.

Animal Study: [6]

Animal Models Systemic 32D Bcr-Abl leukemia model in Female BALB/c mice, Bioluminescent Bcr-Abl model of CML in Female NOD-SCID mice and Bone marrow transplant Bcr-Abl model of CML in syngeneic Balb/c recipient mice
Formulation 10% NMP-90% PEG300, PEG300
Dosages 75 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg
Administration Oral administration
Solubility 0.5% methylcellulose/0.2% Tween 80, 30 mg/mL
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesBaboonDogMonkeyRabbitGuinea pigRatHamsterMouse
Weight (kg)121031.80.40.150.080.02
Body Surface Area (m2)0.60.50.240.150.050.0250.020.007
Km factor202012128653
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] Weisberg E, et al. Blood. 2007, 109(5), 2112-2120.

[2] Liu Y, et al. J Hepatol. 2011, 55(3), 612-625.

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Clinical Trial Information( data from http://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2014-09-20)

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor
/Collaborators
Start Date Phases
NCT02225574 Not yet recruiting Leukemia M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|Novartis Pharmaceuticals December 2014 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT02115386 Not yet recruiting Philadelphia Positive (Ph+) Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Novartis Pharmaceuticals|Novartis September 2014 Phase 3
NCT02201459 Recruiting Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Hospices Civils de Lyon|Novartis August 2014 Phase 3
NCT02108951 Recruiting Philidelphia Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia Novartis Pharmaceuticals|Novartis July 2014 Phase 3
NCT01871311 Recruiting Colorectal Cancer|Head and Neck Cancer Georgetown University|Novartis May 2014 Phase 1

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Chemical Information

Download Nilotinib (AMN-107) SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 529.52
Formula

C28H22F3N7O

CAS No. 641571-10-0
Storage 3 years -20℃Powder
6 months-80℃in DMSO
Synonyms
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 27 mg/mL (50 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
Ethanol <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 0.5% methylcellulose/0.2% Tween 80 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name 4-methyl-N-(3-(4-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-(4-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-ylamino)benzamide

Research Area

Customer Reviews (2)


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Rating
Source FASEB J 2011 25, 3661-3673. Nilotinib (AMN-107) purchased from Selleck
Method Analyzing cell apoptosis
Cell Lines Ba/F3-p210T315I cells
Concentrations 0-5 μM
Incubation Time 24 h
Results In a parallel study using imatinib/PDMP or nilotinib/PDMP combinations, to our surprise, similar significant synergy in Ba/F3-p210T315I cells was observed.

Click to enlarge
Rating
Source Leukemia Res 2012 36, 1311-1314. Nilotinib (AMN-107) purchased from Selleck
Method Thymidine uptake Uptake assay
Cell Lines K562, MEG-01 cells
Concentrations 0.1-10uM
Incubation Time 20 min
Results Nilotinib was much more potent than imatinib to inhibit nucleoside transport. It prevented the uptake of thymidine in K562 cells by 97% at 10 uM, a level that was similar to the one obtained with the vasodilatator molecule dipyridamole. Nilotinib was also very efficient at 1 and 0.1 uM; it blocked the entry of thymidine by 90 and 74%, respectively (Fig. 2a). With the MEG-01 cell line, nilotinib was also extremely potent and blocked the entry of thymidine by 96, 92 and 60% with 10, 1 and 0.1 uM nilotinib, respectively (Fig. 2b).

Product Citations (11)

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