Metformin HCl

Catalog No.S1950

Metformin HCl  Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 165.62

Metformin HCl decreases hyperglycemia in hepatocytes primarily by suppressing glucose production by the liver (hepatic gluconeogenesis).

Size Price Stock Quantity  
USD 97 In stock
USD 970 In stock
Bulk Discount

Free Overnight Delivery on orders over $ 500
Next day delivery by 10:00 a.m. Order now.

2 Customer Reviews

  • Cropped immunoblot analyses for downstream effector proteins of the MAPK and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways for NRASQ61 mutant lung carcinoma and neuroblastoma cell lines. Dual pathway inhibition can be achieved by combining metformin and trametinib, as evidenced by the abolishment of p-ERK and p-S6.

    Oncotarget, 2015, 6(2): 969-78 . Metformin HCl purchased from Selleck.

    Metformin added to atorvastatin therapy has no additional lipid-lowering effect. At the beginning of the experiment, rabbits were fed a high-cholesterol diet. After 2 weeks, rabbits were randomly stratified into the normal sodium (Ctrl group), atorvastatin (AT group), metformin (MT group), or atorvastatin/metformin combination therapy (AT + MT group) for a period of 10 weeks. Lipid levels were measured at −2, 0, 2, 6, 10 weeks after drug administration. Time-dependent changes and their AUC values of serum TC levels (A,B) are presented. Data are mean ± SD, n = 7 for each group. *P < 0.05, compared with Ctrl group. AUC, area under the curve; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC, total cholesterol.

    Sci Rep, 2017, 7(1):2169. Metformin HCl purchased from Selleck.

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Autophagy Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Metformin HCl decreases hyperglycemia in hepatocytes primarily by suppressing glucose production by the liver (hepatic gluconeogenesis).
Targets
AMPK [1]
(Hepatocytes)
In vitro

Metformin (500 μM) activates AMPK in hepatocytes, as a result, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) activity is reduced, fatty acid oxidation is induced, and expression of lipogenic enzymes is suppressed. Metformin (2 mM) activates muscle AMPK and promotes glucose uptake. Metformin (500 μM) or AICAR strongly suppresses SREBP-1 mRNA expression in rat hepatocytes. Metformin ameliorates hyperglycemia without stimulating insulin secretion, promoting weight gain, or causing hypoglycemia. Metformin has beneficial effects on circulating lipids linked to increased cardiovascular risk. Metformin decreases hepatic glucose production and increases skeletal myocyte glucose uptake. [1] Metformin requires LKB1 in the liver to lower blood glucose levels. [2] Metformin (2 mM) leads to a significant increase in the activity of both α1- and α2-containing complexes in muscle cells. Metformin (2 mM) also increases threonine 172 phosphorylation in muscle cells. [3]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human HepG2 cells NIPXUYVHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MlfBNlQhcA>? NGL5fldKdmO{ZXHz[UBqdiCpbIXjc5NmKGOxboP1cZB1cW:wIHnuJIlve3WuaX6tdoV{cXO2YX70JIh2dWGwIFjldGczKGOnbHzzJIFnfGW{IEK0JIhzeyxiRVO1NF0xNjJ5IN88UU4> M1HrUlIyQDV4MES4
human MDA-MB-231 cells NFHVWYZHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MVOxJJRwKDJyIH3N NUHiUHRtOjRiaB?= MYrBcpRqeHKxbHnm[ZJifGm4ZTDhZ5Rqfmm2eTDh[4FqdnO2IHj1cYFvKE2GQT3NRk0zOzFiY3XscJMh[XRiMTD0c{AzOCCvTTDh[pRmeiB{NDDodpMh[nliTWTUJIF{e2G7Lh?= NFLXWJAzOjR3OUKwPC=>
human HepG2 cells NHe3OmNHfW6ldHnvckBie3OjeR?= MmDNNUBuVQ>? M2nsflI1KGh? MlP1VoVlfWO2aX;uJI9nKGeudXPvd4Uh[2:wc4XtdJRqd25iaX6gbY5{fWyrbj3y[ZNqe3SjboSgbJVu[W5iSHXwS|Ih[2WubIOgZZQhOSCvTTDh[pRmeiB{NDDodpMh[nliZ3z1Z49{\SCxeHnkZZNmKG2ndHjv[EBqdiCycnXz[Y5k\SCxZjCyNk4zKG2PIH;mJIdtfWOxc3W= NFvoWY8zOzB{NUK0OC=>
mouse 3T3L1 cells MYnGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MlLxNUBuVQ>? MkDTTY5lfWO2aX;uJI9nKEGPUFugdIhwe3Cqb4L5cIF1cW:wIHnuJI1wfXOnIEPUN2wyKGOnbHzzJIF1KDFibV2gZpkhX2W|dHXyckBjdG:2IHHuZYx6e2m| M3:0dFI2OjF4M{e5
human HepG2 cells MUfGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? M4XtcVEhdU1? NVnJOmVbOjRiaB?= MlzHRYN1cX[jdHnvckBw\iCDTWDLJIlvKGi3bXHuJGhmeEd{IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IILl[JVkfGmxbjDv[kBodHWlb37lc4dmdmW|aYOgZZQhOSCvTTDh[pRmeiB{NDDodpMh[nliZX76fY1ifGmlIHPvcI9zcW2ndILpZ{Bie3OjeR?= M2fu[lI3PDdzMEmw

... Click to View More Cell Line Experimental Data

In vivo Metformin (100 mg/ml, po) treatment produces significant decreases in hepatic expression of mRNAs for SREBP-1, FAS, and S14 in SD rats that are consistent with effects documented in cells. Metformin also decreases hepatic lipids in obese mice. [1] Metformin (250 mg/kg, i.p.) increases AMPK phosphorylation in livers of wild-type mice. Metformin (250 mg/kg, i.p.) treatment reduces blood glucose by more than 50% in the wild-type mice on a high-fat diet. Metformin (250 mg/kg, i.p.) treatment also loweres blood glucose in the ob/ob mice by 40%. [2]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 33 mg/mL warmed (199.25 mM)
Water 33 mg/mL warmed (199.25 mM)
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 165.62
Formula

C4H11N5.HCl

CAS No. 1115-70-4
Storage powder
Synonyms N/A

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
    Concentration
    Volume
    Molecular Weight

*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

  • C1
    V1
    C2
    V2

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
    C6=C5/X C6: LOG(C6):
    C7=C6/X C7: LOG(C7):
    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT02960659 Not yet recruiting Type 2 Diabetes National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) November 7, 2016 Phase 1
NCT03054519 Not yet recruiting Peripheral Artery Disease Northwestern University March 31, 2017 --
NCT02495103 Recruiting Renal Cell Carcinoma|Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer|Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma, Sporadic National Cancer Institute (NCI)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) June 30, 2015 Phase 1|Phase 2
NCT02946996 Recruiting Prostate Cancer Medical University of South Carolina December 28, 2016 Phase 2
NCT02477969 Active, not recruiting Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. February 27, 2014 Phase 3
NCT01981525 Active, not recruiting Li-Fraumeni Syndrome National Cancer Institute (NCI)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) October 22, 2013 Phase 1

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3

If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

  • * Indicates a Required Field

Autophagy Signaling Pathway Map

Tags: buy Metformin HCl | Metformin HCl ic50 | Metformin HCl price | Metformin HCl cost | Metformin HCl solubility dmso | Metformin HCl purchase | Metformin HCl manufacturer | Metformin HCl research buy | Metformin HCl order | Metformin HCl mouse | Metformin HCl chemical structure | Metformin HCl mw | Metformin HCl molecular weight | Metformin HCl datasheet | Metformin HCl supplier | Metformin HCl in vitro | Metformin HCl cell line | Metformin HCl concentration | Metformin HCl nmr
×
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID