Catalog No.S4181 Synonyms: RS-69216
Molecular Weight(MW): 515.99
Nicardipine is a dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocking agent used for the treatment of vascular disorders.
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|Description||Nicardipine is a dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocking agent used for the treatment of vascular disorders.|
|In vivo||Nicardipine (100 mg/kg) produces a significant transient decrease in retinal blood flow in cats. Nicardipine (100 mg/kg) produces a significant increase in ONH blood flow despite a significant decrease of the mean arterial blood pressure in cats, which suggests that nicardipine could have a beneficial effect on ONH tissue.  Nicardipine significantly reduces systolic pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Nicardipine significantly reduces the thickness of the tunica media, the media: lumen ratio and increases the luminal area, primarily at the level of small pial arteries and of intracerebral arteries in the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Nicardipine increases the number of neurones in the frontal cortex and in the occipital cortex of SHR and counters hyperplasia and hypertrophy of GFAP-immunoreactive astrocytes. Nicardipine increases the number of neurones in the CA1 field of the hippocampus and decreases the number and the size of astrocytes of the white matter and grey matter, respectively.  Nicardipine (40 mg/kg twice daily for 8 weeks) reduces plaque area by 49.2% in cholesterol-fed rabbits. Nicardipine (40 mg/kg) reduces cholesterol accumulation in the aortic arch by 74.5% in cholesterol-fed rabbits.  Nicardipine (5 mg/kg) combined with Nimodipine (80 mg/kg) and Flunarizine(80 mg/kg) results in a significant enhancement of the protective potency of either ethosuximide (50 mg/kg) or valproate (100 mg/kg) against clonic seizures in mice. |
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (193.8 mM)|
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