Molecular Weight(MW): 186.18
Sodium phenylbutyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor, used to treat urea cycle disorders.
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Representative images and quantitative analysis results of the transwell experiment. Notes: (A) Results of migration assay for DU145. (B) Results of invasion assay for DU145. (C) Results of migration assay for PC3. (D) Results of invasion assay for PC3. “*” Means significantly different from control group, P<0.05. Abbreviation: SPB, sodium phenylbutyrate.
OncoTargets and Therapy, 2016, 9:2825-2833.. Sodium Phenylbutyrate purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective HDAC Inhibitors
|Description||Sodium phenylbutyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor, used to treat urea cycle disorders.|
Phenylbutyrate is a well-known HDAC inhibitor, which increases gene transcription of a number of genes, and also exerts neuroprotective effects. Phenylbutyrate significantly attenuates MPTP-induced depletion of striatal dopamine and loss of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons in the substantia nigra.  Phenylbutyrate attenuates the expression of the apoptosis antagonist Bcl-X(L), the double-strand break repair protein DNA-dependent protein kinase, the prostate progression marker caveolin-1, and the pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor in prostate cancer cells. Phenylbutyrate is found to act in synergy with ionizing radiation to induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. 
|In vivo||Phenylbutyrate significantly extends survival and improved both the clinical and neuropathological phenotypes in G93A transgenic ALS mice. Phenylbutyrate administration ameliorates histone hypoacetylation observed in G93A mice and induced expression of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) p50, the phosphorylated inhibitory subunit of NF-kappaB (pIkappaB) and beta cell lymphoma 2 (bcl-2), but reduced cytochrome c and caspase expression. Phenylbutyrate acts to phosphorylate IkappaB, translocating NF-kappaB p50 to the nucleus, or to directly acetylate NF-kappaB p50.  Phenylbutyrate increases brain histone acetylation and decreased histone methylation levels as assessed by both immunocytochemistry and Western blots in a transgenic mousemodel of Huntington's disease (HD). Phenylbutyrate increases mRNA for components of the ubiquitin-proteosomal pathway and down-regulated caspases implicated in apoptotic cell death, and active caspase 3 immunoreactivity in the striatum. |
|In vitro||Water||30 mg/mL (161.13 mM)|
|DMSO||8 mg/mL (42.96 mM)|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02111200||Completed||UCDs (The Data May be Helpful in the Treatment of UCDs.)||Baylor College of Medicine||September 2014||--|
|NCT02046434||Active, not recruiting||Parkinsons Disease||University of Colorado, Denver||January 2014||Phase 1|
|NCT01529060||Active, not recruiting||Maple Syrup Urine Disease||Brendan Lee|Baylor College of Medicine||February 2013||Phase 2|Phase 3|
|NCT01698476||Completed||Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB)||Karolinska Institutet|Addis Ababa University|Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Ethiopia||September 2012||Phase 2|
|NCT01702974||Completed||HIV Infection||Karolinska Institutet|Addis Ababa University|Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Ethiopia||September 2012||Phase 2|
|NCT01580007||Completed||Pulmonary Tuberculosis||International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh|Karolinska Institutet|National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute of Diseases of Chest and Hospital (NIDCH), Dhaka, Bangladesh|University of Iceland||December 2010||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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