Pifithrin-α (PFTα)

Catalog No.S2929

Pifithrin-α is an inhibitor of p53, inhibiting p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes.

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Pifithrin-α (PFTα) Chemical Structure

Pifithrin-α (PFTα) Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 367.3

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Product Description

Biological Activity

Description Pifithrin-α is an inhibitor of p53, inhibiting p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes.
Targets p53 [1]
In vitro Pifithrin-α inhibits p53-dependent transactivation of p53-responsive genes in ConA cells. Pifithrin-α (10 μM) inhibits apoptotic death of C8 cells induced by Dox, etoposide, Taxol, cytosine arabinoside. Pifithrin-α inhibits p53-dependent growth arrest of human diploid fibroblasts in response to DNA damage but has no effect on p53-deficient fibroblasts. Pifithrin-α may modulate the nuclear import or export (or both) of p53 or may decrease the stability of nuclear p53. [1] Pifithrin-α (100-200 nM) completely suppresses the camptothecin-induced increase in the level of p53 DNA binding as well as the p53-responsive gene Bax in hippocampal cell. Pifithrin-α also decreases the basal level of p53 DNA-binding activity. Pifithrin-α (200 nM) protects cultured hippocampal neurons against death induced by DNA-damaging agents. Pifithrin-α (200 μM) stabilizes mitochondrial function, suppresses caspase activation and protects cultured hippocampal neurons against death induced by glutamate and amyloid β-peptide. [2] Pifithrin α, in addition to p53, can suppress heat shock and glucocorticoid receptor signaling but has no effect on nuclear factor-kappaB signaling. Pifithrin α (10 μM) reduces activation of heat shock transcription factor (HSF1) and increases cell sensitivity to heat. Pifithrin α (10 μM) reduces activation of glucocorticoid receptor and rescues mouse thymocytes from apoptotic death after dexamethasone treatment in HeLa cells. [3] PFTalpha blocks p53-mediated induction of p21/Waf-1 in human embryonic kidney cells. PFTalpha does, however, cause a left shift in the dexamethasone dose response curve by increasing intracellular dexamethasone concentration. [4]
In vivo Pifithrin-α (2.2 mg/kg i.p.) treatment completely rescues mice (C57BL and Balb/c) of both strains from 60% killing doses of gamma irradiation (8 Gy for C57BL and 6 Gy for Balb/c). Pifithrin-α-injected mice lost less weight than irradiated mice that are not pretreated with the Pifithrin-α. Pifithrin-α (2.2 mg/kg) abrogates p53-dependent regulation of DNA replication after whole-body gamma irradiation in mice. [1] Pifithrin-α (2 mg/kg i.p.) 30 min prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion treatment of mice reduces ischemic brain injury and protects hippocampal neurons against excitotoxic injury. [2] Pifithrin α (3.6 μg/kg i.p.) inhibits Dex-induced degeneration of the thymus in mice. [3] Pifithrin α (2 mg/kg) results in a significantly lower degree of motor disability in rats receiving transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery as compared with controls. Pifithrin α-treated animals has less motor disability and smaller infarcts when the drug is administered up to an hour after stroke onset. Pifithrin α results in significantly lower motor disability scores in rats than in the vehicle-treated animals at 7 days post-op. Pifithrin α results in significant reduction of apoptosis in rats as indicated by Tunel and caspase 3 staining. [5]

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Cell Assay: [3]

Cell lines HCT116 and Hela cells
Concentrations ~10 μM
Incubation Time 48 hours
Method At the end of cell treatments, the number of attached cells is estimated by staining with 0.25% crystal violet in 50% methanol, followed by elution of the dye with 1% SDS. Optical density (530 nm) reflecting the number of stained cells is determined with a Bio-Tek EL311 microplate reader. Cell viability in suspension of short term culture of primary thymocytes is determined by their staining with 0.1% of methyl blue and microscopic counting of blue (dead) cells.

Animal Study: [1]

Animal Models C57BL and Balb/c mice
Formulation Saline
Dosages 2.2 mg/kg
Administration Intraperitoneal injection

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)


[1] Komarov PG, et al. Science, 1999, 285(5434), 1733-1737.

[2] Culmsee C, et al. J Neurochem, 2001, 77(1), 220-228.

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Chemical Information

Download Pifithrin-α (PFTα) SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 367.3


CAS No. 63208-82-2
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
2 years -80℃in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 67 mg/mL (182.41 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
Ethanol <1 mg/mL
In vivo 30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W 30 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name Ethanone, 1-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2-imino-3(2H)-benzothiazolyl)-, hydrobromide (1:1)

Tech Support

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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