Molecular Weight(MW): 347.41
GW9508 is a potent and selective agonist for FFA1 (GPR40) with pEC50 of 7.32, 100-fold selective against GPR120, stimulates insulin secretion in a glucose-sensitive manner.
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|Description||GW9508 is a potent and selective agonist for FFA1 (GPR40) with pEC50 of 7.32, 100-fold selective against GPR120, stimulates insulin secretion in a glucose-sensitive manner.|
|Features||The effects of GW9508 on insulin secretion are reversed by GW1100, while linoleic acid-stimulated insulin secretion is partially attenuated by GW1100.|
GW9508 is shown to be at least 100-fold selective against 220 other GPCRs, 60 kinases, 63 proteases, seven integrins and 20 nuclear receptors including PPARα, δ and γ (pEC50 4.0, 4 and 4.9, respectively). GW9508 produces a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentrations via GPR40 receptor activation and the GPR120 receptor. GW9508 is active as an agonist at both GPR40 and GPR120, it is approximately 100-fold selective for GPR40 with respect to GPR120. GW9508 produces a concentration-dependent increase (pEC50=6.14) in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion at high glucose levels (25 mM). GW9508 dose dependently stimulated insulin secretion in a glucose-sensitive manner in MIN6 cells. Furthermore, GW9508 is able to potentiate the KCl-mediated increase in insulin secretion in MIN6 cells.  GW9508 induced hyperpolarization and opening of KATP channels in rat β-cells.  GW9508 inhibits CCL17 and CCL5 expression in a pertussis toxin-sensitive manner. GW9508 further suppresses expression of IL-11, IL-24, and IL-33 induced in HaCaT cells by TNF-α and IFN-γ. GW9508 also inhibits CCL5 and CXCL10 production by normal human epidermal keratinocytes. 
|In vitro||DMSO||69 mg/mL (198.61 mM)|
|Ethanol||69 mg/mL (198.61 mM)|
|Water||slightly soluble or insoluble|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
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