Catalog No.S7898

GSK621 Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 489.91

GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.

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  • Human glioma U87MG cells (A-C) and U251MG cells (D), as well as HCN-1a neuronal cells (D) or primary human astrocytes (“Astrocytes”, D) were either left untreated (“C”) or treated with applied concentrations of GSK621 for indicated periods of time, cell survival was tested by MTT assay (A and D) and clonogenicity assay (B); Cell death was also tested by the trypan blue staining assay (C). Experiments in this figure were repeated four times, and similar results were obtained. Data were presented as mean ± SD. * p <0.05 vs. “C”.

    PLoS One, 2016, 11(8):e0161017.. GSK621 purchased from Selleck.

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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
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Biological Activity

Description GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.
AMPK [1]
In vitro

In AML cell lines and primary AML samples, GSK621 markedly increases phosphorylation at AMPKα T172, a marker of AMPK activation. In a set of 20 cell lines, GSK621 reduces the proliferation of all 20 lines with IC50 ranged from 13-30 μM, and increases apoptosis in 17 (85%) lines. In addition, GSK621 also triggers autophagy, which partially contributes to AML cell death. [1]

In vivo In nude mice bearing MOLM-14 xenografts, GSK621 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) reduces leukemia growth and significantly extends survival by enhancing AMPK activity and the induction of apoptosis. [1]


Kinase Assay:[1]
+ Expand

AMPK enzymatic assay:

HEPG2 cells are treated with increasing doses of A-769662 or GSK621, and ACC S79 phosphorylation is assessed as a surrogate marker for AMPK activation using a commercially available ELISA kit.
Cell Research:[1]
+ Expand
  • Cell lines: MV4-11, OCI-AML3, OCI-AML2, HL-60, Kasumi, HEL, UT7, NB4, TF-1, KG1A, Nomo p28, SKM-1, U937, YHP1, MOLM-14, Mo7e, K562, MOLM-13, EOL-1, SET-2 cell lines
  • Concentrations: ~30 μM
  • Incubation Time: ~4 d
  • Method: Twenty AML cell lines are treated with log10 dilutions of GSK621 and relative viability is determined by CellTiter-Glo?assay. IC50 of GSK621 among these 20 cell lines is calculated using the Prism software and are presented as log[C] with [C] in mol/l (M). Results are presented for 5 different cell lines per panel.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 97 mg/mL (197.99 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
Ethanol <1 mg/mL
In vivo 2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O 5mg/mL

* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 489.91


CAS No. 1346607-05-3
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms N/A

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AMPK Signaling Pathway Map

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID