Molecular Weight(MW): 489.91
GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.
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Human glioma U87MG cells (A-C) and U251MG cells (D), as well as HCN-1a neuronal cells (D) or primary human astrocytes (“Astrocytes”, D) were either left untreated (“C”) or treated with applied concentrations of GSK621 for indicated periods of time, cell survival was tested by MTT assay (A and D) and clonogenicity assay (B); Cell death was also tested by the trypan blue staining assay (C). Experiments in this figure were repeated four times, and similar results were obtained. Data were presented as mean ± SD. * p <0.05 vs. “C”.
PLoS One, 2016, 11(8):e0161017.. GSK621 purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||GSK621 is a specific and potent AMPK activator.|
In AML cell lines and primary AML samples, GSK621 markedly increases phosphorylation at AMPKα T172, a marker of AMPK activation. In a set of 20 cell lines, GSK621 reduces the proliferation of all 20 lines with IC50 ranged from 13-30 μM, and increases apoptosis in 17 (85%) lines. In addition, GSK621 also triggers autophagy, which partially contributes to AML cell death. 
|In vivo||In nude mice bearing MOLM-14 xenografts, GSK621 (30 mg/kg, i.p.) reduces leukemia growth and significantly extends survival by enhancing AMPK activity and the induction of apoptosis. |
AMPK enzymatic assay:HEPG2 cells are treated with increasing doses of A-769662 or GSK621, and ACC S79 phosphorylation is assessed as a surrogate marker for AMPK activation using a commercially available ELISA kit.
|In vitro||DMSO||97 mg/mL (197.99 mM)|
|In vivo||2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O||5mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
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* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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