Molecular Weight(MW): 425.48
GSK690693 is a pan-Akt inhibitor targeting Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 2 nM/13 nM/9 nM in cell-free assays, also sensitive to the AGC kinase family: PKA, PrkX and PKC isozymes. Phase 1.
Cited by 18 Publications
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UPN cells were treated with GSK690693 or MK2206 (1 uM) for 1h followed by LPA (10 uM), EGF or IGF-1 (10 ng/ml) for another 1h and Western blot was performed. Band intensities of phospho-AKT (p-AKTS473), phospho-S6 (p-S6S240/S244), phospho-YB-1 (p-YB-1S102) and YB-1 were quantified and normalized to the intensity of ERK2. It directly determined the role of AKT using two potent, AKT inhibitors with distinct actions—a catalytic domain inhibitor, GSK690693, and an allosteric inhibitor, MK2206 -in UPN and SKOV3 cells, which showed appreciable AKT and YB-1 phosphorylation upon growth factor stimulation. GSK690693 increased basal and growth factor-induced AKT phosphorylation due to blocking a negative feedback loop downstream of AKT, whereas MK2206 abolished both basal and growth-factor-induced AKT phosphorylation.
Oncogene 2014 33(22), 2846-56. GSK690693 purchased from Selleck.
IKBKE-transfected or insulin-simulated H1299 cells were treated with indicated Akt inhibitors (e.g. perifosine 5 uM, MK2206 10 uM, and GSK690693 10 uM), following transfection of PDK1-null and parental HCT116 cells with HA-Akt, wild-type and constitutively active IKBKE, Western blot analysis was performed.
J Biol Chem 2011 286(43), 37389-98. GSK690693 purchased from Selleck.
Cell growth of sensitive (DLD1 and U87) and multi-drug resistant (DLD1-TxR and U87-TxR) cells assessed after 72 h of GSK690693 treatment. GSK690693 efficacy decreased in DLD1-TxR in comparison to its sensitive counterpart - DLD1. Colorectal carcinoma cell line (DLD1) possesses mutated p53, while its resistant counterpart (DLD1-TxR) additionally acquired the LOH in PTEN gene during the course of resistance induction. However, concentration-dependent cell growth inhibition induced by GSK690693 does not differ between sensitive (U87) and resistant (U87-TxR) glioblastoma cell lines. Both, U87 and U87-TxR have wt-p53 and PTEN-null. The results were obtained by the Sulforhodamine B assay. All values represent average ±SD obtained from two independent experiments, n = 5.
Dr. Milica Pesic of Institute for Biological Research. GSK690693 purchased from Selleck.
The effects of SelleckChem inhibitors on sea urchin embryo development evaluated 24 h after fertilization. All compounds were added to embryos suspension 20 min after fertilization. The relative presence of late gastrula, swimming blastula, undeveloped embryos and dead embryos was compared next to untreated control embryos (A). Fertilized egg, swimming blastula and late gastrula are illustrated (B). The embryonic development was relatively synchronized in untreated control samples after 24 h (A, E). GSK690693 treatment sustained the development of embryos. Swimming blastulas kept normal motility regardless the deformities in their shape. Tipifarnib treatment induced significant toxicity due to occurrence of dead fragmented embryos. Some abnormal blastulas kept the motility. AZD2014 treatment sustained the development of embryos. Some developed gastrulas and blastulas were less motile in comparison with control (A, C). WZ811 was the least toxic compound. Significant number of gastrulas and blastulas was developed. However, their motility was considerably suppressed (A, D). In contrast to SelleckChem inhibitors, classic anticancer agent-cisplatin was extremely toxic to sea urchin embryos (A). Cisplatin killed many embryos, while a small amount of survived embryos was stopped at early phases of development: immediately after fertilization or after first and second division (A, F).
Dr. Milica Pesic from Institute for Biological Research. GSK690693 purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||GSK690693 is a pan-Akt inhibitor targeting Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 2 nM/13 nM/9 nM in cell-free assays, also sensitive to the AGC kinase family: PKA, PrkX and PKC isozymes. Phase 1.|
GSK690693 is very selective for the Akt isoforms versus the majority of kinases in other families. However, GSK690693 is less selective for members of the AGC kinase family including PKA, PrkX, and PKC isozymes with IC50 of 24 nM, 5 nM, and 2-21 nM, respectively. GSK690693 also potently inhibits AMPK and DAPK3 from the CAMK family with IC50 of 50 nM and 81 nM, respectively, and PAK4, 5, and 6 from the STE family with IC50 of 10 nM, 52 nM, and 6 nM, respectively. GSK690693 inhibits the phosphorylation of GSK3β in tumor cells with IC50 ranging from 43 nM to 150 nM. GSK690693 treatment leads to a dose-dependent increase in the nuclear accumulation of the transcription factor FOXO3A. GSK690693 potently inhibits the proliferation of T47D, ZR-75-1, BT474, HCC1954, MDA-MB-453, and LNCaP cells with IC50 of 72 nM, 79 nM, 86 nM, 119 nM, 975 nM, and 147 nM, respectively. GSK690693 treatment induces apoptosis at concentrations >100 nM in both LNCaP and BT474 cells.  Consistent with the role of AKT in cell survival, GSK690693 induces apoptosis in sensitive ALL cell lines. 
|In vivo||A single administration of GSK690693 inhibits GSK3β phosphorylation in human breast carcinoma (BT474) xenografts in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Similarly, GSK690693 induces a reduction in phosphorylation of the Akt substrates, PRAS40, and FKHR/FKHRL1. GSK690693 also results in an acute increase in blood glucose, returning to baseline 8 to 10 hours after drug administration. Administration of GSK690693 induces reductions in phosphorylated Akt substrates in vivo, and potently inhibits the growth of human SKOV-3 ovarian, LNCaP prostate, and BT474 and HCC-1954 breast carcinoma xenografts, with maximal inhibition of 58% to 75% at the dose of 30 mg/kg/day.  GSK690693 exhibits efficacy irrespective of the mechanism of Akt activation involved. GSK690693 is most effective in delaying tumor progression in Lck-MyrAkt2 mice expressing a membrane-bound, constitutively active form of Akt. |
In vitro kinase assays:His-tagged full-length Akt1, 2, or 3 are expressed and purified from baculovirus. Activation is carried out with purified PDK1 to phosphorylate Thr308 and purified MK2 to phosphorylate Ser473. To more accurately measure time-dependent inhibition of Akt, activated Akt enzymes are incubated with GSK690693 at various concentrations at room temperature for 30 minutes before the reaction is initiated with the addition of substrate. Final reaction contains 5 nM to 15 nM Akt1, 2, and 3 enzymes; 2 μM ATP; 0.15 μCi/μL[γ-33P]ATP; 1 μM Peptide (Biotin-aminohexanoicacid-ARKR-ERAYSFGHHA-amide); 10 mM MgCl2; 25 mM MOPS (pH 7.5); 1 mM DTT; 1 mM CHAPS; and 50 mM KCl. The reactions are incubated at room temperature for 45 minutes, followed by termination with Leadseeker beads in PBS containing EDTA (final concentration, 2 mg/mL beads and 75 mM EDTA). The plates are then sealed, the beads are allowed to settle for at least 5 hours, and product formation is quantitated using a Viewlux Imager.
|In vitro||DMSO||39 mg/mL (91.66 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
5% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
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Frequently Asked Questions
Why pAKT increased after treatment of the inhibitor ?
GSK690693 actually inhibits AKT, but not necessarily decrease p-Akt level. Treatment with GSK690693 caused AKT hyper phosphorylation which has already been reported in some papers. (For example, http://www.bloodjournal.org/content/113/8/1723.short?sso-checked=true). To test the inhibition of AKT activity, you might have to look at the level of AKT substrates.