Urethane

Catalog No.S4544 Synonyms: Carbamic acid ethyl ester, Ethyl carbamate, Ethylurethane

For research use only.

Urethane (Carbamic acid ethyl ester, Ethyl carbamate, Ethylurethane) is a kind of antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It is a intermediate in organic synthesis.

Urethane Chemical Structure

CAS No. 51-79-6

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Urethane (Carbamic acid ethyl ester, Ethyl carbamate, Ethylurethane) is a kind of antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It is a intermediate in organic synthesis.
Targets
AMPA receptor [3] glycine receptors [3] GABAA receptors [3] NMDA receptors [3] α4β2 nACh receptor [3]
34 mM(EC50) 46 mM(EC50) 64 mM(EC50) 70 mM(EC50) 114 mM(EC50)
In vitro

urethane has a spectrum of action on ion channels, which is distinct from other anesthetics. It significantly potentiates the current responses of both GABAA and glycine receptors in a reversible and concentration-dependent manner. Conversely, urethane (10–300 mM) inhibits the responses of NMDA and AMPA receptors. Also, urethane potentiates the function of an nACh receptor and neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine, γ-aminobutyric acid A, and glycine receptors[3].

In vivo Urethane, a carcinogenic substance, is favored for acute in vivo electrophysiological experiments because it induces long-lasting steady level of anesthesia with muscle relaxation and minimally affects the autonomic and cardiovascular systems[2]. Urethane affects both inhibitory and excitatory systems but the magnitude of the alterations is less than that produced by other more selective anesthetics[3]. But also, Urethane anesthesia is usually restricted to terminal (acute) experiments due to its potential long-term toxicity[1].

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 17 mg/mL
(190.81 mM)
Water 17 mg/mL
(190.81 mM)
Ethanol '17 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 89.09
Formula

C3H7NO2

CAS No. 51-79-6
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CCOC(=O)N

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

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Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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