Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335)
Catalog No.S2694 Synonyms: Fxr 450
Molecular Weight(MW): 438.47
Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335) is a potent, selective FXR agonist with EC50 of 4 nM, highly selective versus other nuclear receptors, such as LXR, PPAR, ER and etc. Phase 1.
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|Description||Turofexorate Isopropyl (XL335) is a potent, selective FXR agonist with EC50 of 4 nM, highly selective versus other nuclear receptors, such as LXR, PPAR, ER and etc. Phase 1.|
WAY-362450 binds to the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of human FXR. WAY-362450 resides in a predominately hydrophobic pocket with only a few polar atoms making contact with WAY-362450. WAY-362450 promotes transcription of the human BSEP, human SHP, and mouse IBABP genes utilizing reporter constructs with EC50 of 17, 230, and 33 nM, respectively in promoter assays. WAY-362450 at concentration of 1 μM significantly induces mRNAs encoding for BSEP, SHP, and IBABP in human cell cultures to 13-, 2-, and 20-fold, respectively.  WAY-362450 at concentration of 1 μM suppresses interleukin-6-induced CRP expression in human Hep3B hepatoma cells, and the inhibitory effect is attenuated when knockdown of FXR by short interfering RNA.
|In vivo||WAY-362450 administrated intravenously or orally at does of 3 mg/kg in rats with a protracted half-life of 25 h, modest volume of distribution, and low clearance of 3.3 L/kg. WAY-362450 administered orally at dose of 10 mg/kg in normal C57bl/6 mice for a period of 7 days significantly lowers triglycerides to 62.0 ± 6.4 mg/dL and total cholesterol to 78.1 ± 5.0 mg/dL. WAY-362450 administered orally at dose of 1 and 3 mg/kg daily for 6 weeks in LDLR−/− mice, triglycerides is lowered by 19% and 39%, respectively, total cholesterol is lowered by 23% and 50%, respectively and lesion formation by 18% and 36%, respectively.  WAY-362450 intraperitoneally administrated at dose of 30 mg/kg daily for 4 days in wild type C57BL/6 mice attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced serum amyloid P component and serum amyloid A3 mRNA levels in the liver.  WAY-362450 orally administered at dose of 30 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks in adult male C57BL/6 mice reduces inﬂammatory cell inﬁltration and hepatic ﬁbrosis, the reduction in inﬂammatory cell inﬁltration correlates with deceased serum levels of keratinocyte derived chemokine (mKC) and MCP 1 and decreased hepatic gene expression of MCP-1 and VCAM-1, and the reduction of hepatic ﬁbrosis by WAY-362450 treatment corresponded to a reduction in hepatic gene expression of ﬁbrosis markers.  WAY-362450 administrated orally at dose of 30mg/kg in LDLR−/− and apoE−/− mice blocks diet-induced hypertriglyceridemia and elevations of non-HDL cholesterol and produced a near complete inhibition of aortic lesion formation, WAY-362450 also induced small heterodimer partner (SHP) expression and repressed cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) and sterol 12 α-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) expression. |
|In vitro||DMSO||33 mg/mL (75.26 mM) warming|
|Ethanol||2 mg/mL (4.56 mM)|
|In vivo||NMP+polyethylene glycol 300 (10+90, v+v)||30 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT00509756||Terminated||Healthy||Wyeth is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer||November 2007||Phase 1|
|NCT00499629||Completed||Healthy||Wyeth is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer||October 2007||Phase 1|
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