SKI II

Catalog No.S7176

SKI II is a highly selective and non ATP-competitive sphingosine kinase (SphK) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 μM, while exhibiting no inhibitory action on other kinases including PI3K, PKCα and ERK2.

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SKI II Chemical Structure

SKI II Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 302.78

Validation & Quality Control

Quality Control & MSDS

Product Information

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  • Research Area
  • Inhibition Profile

Product Description

Biological Activity

Description SKI II is a highly selective and non ATP-competitive sphingosine kinase (SphK) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 μM, while exhibiting no inhibitory action on other kinases including PI3K, PKCα and ERK2.
Targets S1P receptor [1]
IC50 0.5 μM
In vitro SKI II potently inhibits endogenous SK activities in the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. SKI II demonstrates significantly antiproliferative effects in human cancer cell lines including T-24, MCF-7, MCF-7/VP, NCI/ADR with IC50 of 4.6 μM , 1.2 μM, 0.9 μM and 1.3 μM, respectively. SKI II also induces apoptosis of T24 cells consistent with the hypothesized consequence of reducing S1P levels. [1] As demonstrated previously in MDA-MB-231 cells, SKI II decreases S1P formation in JC cells in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50 of 12 μM. [2] In addition, SKI-II can reverse drug resistance of SGC7901/DDP to cisplatin by down-regulating expression of P-gp and up-regulating apoptosis through down-regulation of SphK1. [3]
In vivo SKI II (50 mg/kg) after intraperitoneal or oral administration significantly decreases tumor growth a syngeneic Balb/c mouse solid tumor model that uses JC mammary adenocarcinoma cells relative to control groups with no overt toxicity or weight loss.[2] SKI-II (50 mg/kg ip) ameliorates antigen-induced bronchial smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness in mice by endogenously inhibiting generation of S1P. [4]
Features

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay: [1]

SK Assay A medium-throughput assay suitable for screening for inhibitors of recombinant human SK has been established. Briefly, 5 μg of purified GST-SK fusion protein are combined with 12 nM sphingosine, which contains a 100-fold dilution of [3-3H]sphingosine (20 Ci/mmol), 1 mM ATP, 1 mM magnesium chloride, and 200 μL of assay buffer [20 mM Tris HCl (pH 7.4), 20% glycerol, 1 mM beta-mercaptoethanol, 1 mM EDTA, 20 mM zinc chloride, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 15 mM sodium fluoride, and 0.5 mM 4-deoxypyridoxine]. Assays are run for 30 min at 25°C with shaking and contains either 1% DMSO or 5 g/mL test compound, which corresponds to concentrations of 10–25 μM. The reactions are terminated with 50 μL of concentrated ammonium hydroxide, followed by extraction of the assay mixture with chloroform:methanol (2:1). The aqueous portion is transferred to scintillation vials and radioactivity is quantified as a measure of [3H]]S1P formation using a Beckman LS 3801 Scintillation Counter. The intra-assay coefficient of variation is ~10%, whereas interassay variation is ~20%.

Cell Assay: [1]

Cell lines T-24, MCF-7, MCF-7/VP, NCI/ADR cell lines
Concentrations ~50 μM
Incubation Time 48 hours
Method T24, MCF-7, MCF-7/VP, and NCI/ADR cells are plated into 96-well tissue culture plates at ~15% confluency. After 24 hours, cells are treated with various concentrations of inhibitors. After an additional 48 hours, cell survival is assayed using the sulforhodamine B assay.

Animal Study: [2]

Animal Models JC xenografts are established in mice
Formulation DMSO (ip), polyethylene glycol 400 (oral)
Dosages ~100 mg/kg
Administration Intraperitoneal administration or oral administration

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)0.020.151.80.40.0810
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.150.050.020.5
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)
1

References

[1] French KJ, et al. Cancer Res, 2003, 63(18), 5962-5969.

[2] French KJ, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2006, 318(2), 596-603.

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Chemical Information

Download SKI II SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 302.78
Formula

C15H11ClN2OS

CAS No. 312636-16-1
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
6 months-80℃in solvent
Synonyms SphK-I2
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 61 mg/mL (201.46 mM)
Ethanol 61 mg/mL (201.46 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL (<1 mM)
In vivo 30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol 20 mg/mL
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name Phenol, 4-[[4-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-thiazolyl]amino]-

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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