Catalog No.S7176 Synonyms: SphK-I2
Molecular Weight(MW): 302.78
SKI II is a highly selective and non ATP-competitive sphingosine kinase (SphK) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 μM, while exhibiting no inhibitory action on other kinases including PI3K, PKCα and ERK2.
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3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||SKI II is a highly selective and non ATP-competitive sphingosine kinase (SphK) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 μM, while exhibiting no inhibitory action on other kinases including PI3K, PKCα and ERK2.|
SKI II potently inhibits endogenous SK activities in the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. SKI II demonstrates significantly antiproliferative effects in human cancer cell lines including T-24, MCF-7, MCF-7/VP, NCI/ADR with IC50 of 4.6 μM , 1.2 μM, 0.9 μM and 1.3 μM, respectively. SKI II also induces apoptosis of T24 cells consistent with the hypothesized consequence of reducing S1P levels.  As demonstrated previously in MDA-MB-231 cells, SKI II decreases S1P formation in JC cells in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50 of 12 μM.  In addition, SKI-II can reverse drug resistance of SGC7901/DDP to cisplatin by down-regulating expression of P-gp and up-regulating apoptosis through down-regulation of SphK1. 
|In vivo||SKI II (50 mg/kg) after intraperitoneal or oral administration significantly decreases tumor growth a syngeneic Balb/c mouse solid tumor model that uses JC mammary adenocarcinoma cells relative to control groups with no overt toxicity or weight loss. SKI-II (50 mg/kg ip) ameliorates antigen-induced bronchial smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness in mice by endogenously inhibiting generation of S1P. |
SK Assay:A medium-throughput assay suitable for screening for inhibitors of recombinant human SK has been established. Briefly, 5 μg of purified GST-SK fusion protein are combined with 12 nM sphingosine, which contains a 100-fold dilution of [3-3H]sphingosine (20 Ci/mmol), 1 mM ATP, 1 mM magnesium chloride, and 200 μL of assay buffer [20 mM Tris HCl (pH 7.4), 20% glycerol, 1 mM beta-mercaptoethanol, 1 mM EDTA, 20 mM zinc chloride, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 15 mM sodium fluoride, and 0.5 mM 4-deoxypyridoxine]. Assays are run for 30 min at 25°C with shaking and contains either 1% DMSO or 5 g/mL test compound, which corresponds to concentrations of 10–25 μM. The reactions are terminated with 50 μL of concentrated ammonium hydroxide, followed by extraction of the assay mixture with chloroform:methanol (2:1). The aqueous portion is transferred to scintillation vials and radioactivity is quantified as a measure of [3H]]S1P formation using a Beckman LS 3801 Scintillation Counter. The intra-assay coefficient of variation is ~10%, whereas interassay variation is ~20%.
|In vitro||DMSO||61 mg/mL (201.46 mM)|
|Ethanol||61 mg/mL (201.46 mM)|
|In vivo||30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol||20 mg/mL|
* 1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
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