Catalog No.S7177

PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform.

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PF-543 Chemical Structure

PF-543 Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight: 465.6

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Product Information

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Product Description

Biological Activity

Description PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform.
Targets SphK1 [1] SphK1 [1]
IC50 2.0 nM 3.6 nM(Ki)
In vitro PF543 is a cell-permeable hydroxyl methylpyrrolidine compound that inhibits SphK-1/SphK1-catalyzed sphingosine phosphorylation in a reversible and sphingosine-competitive manner, exhibiting no affinity toward S1P receptors and much reduced inhibitory activity against Sphk2 (6.8% inhibition at 10 μM) or 46 other lipid and portein kinases (IC50 >10 μM). In the SphK1-overexpression 1483 head and neck carcinoma cells, PF-543 decreases the level of endogenous S1P 10-fold with a proportional increase in the level of sphingosine. PF-543 binds SphK1 reversibly (k off t1/2=8.5 min) and with high affinity and the binding constant (Kd) is 5 nM. PF543 had no effect on the proliferation and survival of 1483, A549, LN229, Jurkat, U937 and MCF-7 cells, despite a dramatic change in the cellular S1P/sphingosine ratio. PF-543 is effective as a potent inhibitor of S1P formation in whole blood, indicating that the SphK1 isoform of sphingosine kinase is the major source of S1P in human blood. [1]
In vivo
Features The most potent inhibitor of SphK1 described to date.

Protocol(Only for Reference)

Kinase Assay:


FITC-S1P quantification/Caliper assay A 384-well format of the SphK enzyme assay based on separation of FITC-S1P from unreacted FITC-sphingosine substrate using a microfluidic capillary electrophoresis mobility-shift system is developed. Briefly, 3 nM SphK1–His6 is incubated with 1 μM FITC-sphingosine, 20 μM ATP and 10 μM compound (a final concentration of DMSO of 2 %) in a buffer containing 100 mM Hepes (pH 7.4), 1 mM MgCl2,0.01% Triton X-100, 10% glycerol, 100 μM sodium orthovanadate and 1 mM DTT for 1 h in a 384-well Matrical MP-101-1-PP plate. Reaction mixtures (10 μL) are quenched by the addition of 20 μL of 30 mM EDTA and 0.15% Coating Reagent-3 in 100 mM Hepes, and a small aliquot of each reaction (a few nanolitres) is analysed in the Caliper LabChip 3000 instrument under -1.5 psi (psi=6.9 kPa) pressure, a downstream voltage of -1900 V and a sip time of 0.2 s. Phosphorylated fluorescent product and unphosphorylated fluorescent substrate appeared as distinctive peaks and are quantified using the Caliper data.

Cell Assay:


Cell lines 1483, A549, LN229, Jurkat, U937, MCF-7
Concentrations ~1 μM
Incubation Time 7 days

CellTiter-Glo Assay

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)

SpeciesMouseRatRabbitGuinea pigHamsterDog
Weight (kg)
Body Surface Area (m2)0.0070.0250.
Km factor36128520
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Rat dose (mg/kg) = mouse dose (22.4 mg/kg) ×  mouse Km(3)  = 11.2 mg/kg
rat Km(6)


[1] Schnute ME, et al. Biochem J, 2012, 444(1), 79-88.

Chemical Information

Download PF-543 SDF
Molecular Weight (MW) 465.6


CAS No. 1415562-82-1
Storage 3 years -20℃powder
2 years -80℃in solvent
Synonyms N/A
Solubility (25°C) * In vitro DMSO 93 mg/mL (199.74 mM)
Ethanol 93 mg/mL (199.74 mM)
Water <1 mg/mL
In vivo
* <1 mg/ml means slightly soluble or insoluble.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Chemical Name 2-Pyrrolidinemethanol, 1-[[4-[[3-methyl-5-[(phenylsulfonyl)methyl]phenoxy]methyl]phenyl]methyl]-, (2R)-

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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