Molecular Weight(MW): 465.6
PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform.
1 Customer Review
PF-543 is anti-proliferative and cytotoxic to CRC cells. Human CRC cell lines, including HCT-116 (a-d), DLD-1 and HT-29 (e), as well as patient-derived primary colon cancer cells (P1, P2 and P3, f), were incubated with regular or PF-543-containg medium for indicated time, cell proliferation was tested by viable cell counting assay (a) and colony formation assay (b); Cell survival was examined by MTT assay (c-f). Expression of SphK1 and Tubulin (the equal loading) was examined by Western blots (e and f, upper panels). Relative SphK1 expression (verse Tubulin) was quantified. “C” stands for untreated control cells (For all Figs). Values represented the mean ± SEM (n = 5). Experiments in this figure were repeated three times, with similar results achieved. *P < 0.05 versus “C” group.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2016, 470(3):728-34.. PF-543 purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
3. "+" indicates inhibitory effect. Increased inhibition is marked by a higher "+" designation.
4. Orange "√" refers to compounds which do inhibitory effects on the related isoform, but without specific value.
|Description||PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform.|
|Features||The most potent inhibitor of SphK1 described to date.|
PF543 is a cell-permeable hydroxyl methylpyrrolidine compound that inhibits SphK-1/SphK1-catalyzed sphingosine phosphorylation in a reversible and sphingosine-competitive manner, exhibiting no affinity toward S1P receptors and much reduced inhibitory activity against Sphk2 (6.8% inhibition at 10 μM) or 46 other lipid and portein kinases (IC50 >10 μM). In the SphK1-overexpression 1483 head and neck carcinoma cells, PF-543 decreases the level of endogenous S1P 10-fold with a proportional increase in the level of sphingosine. PF-543 binds SphK1 reversibly (k off t1/2=8.5 min) and with high affinity and the binding constant (Kd) is 5 nM. PF543 had no effect on the proliferation and survival of 1483, A549, LN229, Jurkat, U937 and MCF-7 cells, despite a dramatic change in the cellular S1P/sphingosine ratio. PF-543 is effective as a potent inhibitor of S1P formation in whole blood, indicating that the SphK1 isoform of sphingosine kinase is the major source of S1P in human blood. 
FITC-S1P quantification/Caliper assay:A 384-well format of the SphK enzyme assay based on separation of FITC-S1P from unreacted FITC-sphingosine substrate using a microfluidic capillary electrophoresis mobility-shift system is developed. Briefly, 3 nM SphK1–His6 is incubated with 1 μM FITC-sphingosine, 20 μM ATP and 10 μM compound (a final concentration of DMSO of 2 %) in a buffer containing 100 mM Hepes (pH 7.4), 1 mM MgCl2,0.01% Triton X-100, 10% glycerol, 100 μM sodium orthovanadate and 1 mM DTT for 1 h in a 384-well Matrical MP-101-1-PP plate. Reaction mixtures (10 μL) are quenched by the addition of 20 μL of 30 mM EDTA and 0.15% Coating Reagent-3 in 100 mM Hepes, and a small aliquot of each reaction (a few nanolitres) is analysed in the Caliper LabChip 3000 instrument under -1.5 psi (psi=6.9 kPa) pressure, a downstream voltage of -1900 V and a sip time of 0.2 s. Phosphorylated fluorescent product and unphosphorylated fluorescent substrate appeared as distinctive peaks and are quantified using the Caliper data.
|In vitro||DMSO||93 mg/mL (199.74 mM)|
|Ethanol||93 mg/mL (199.74 mM)|
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