Rofecoxib

Catalog No.S3043 Synonyms: MK-0966

Rofecoxib  Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 314.36

Rofecoxib is a COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM.

Size Price Stock Quantity  
In DMSO USD 130 In stock
USD 97 In stock
Bulk Discount

Free Overnight Delivery on orders over $ 500
Next day delivery by 10:00 a.m. Order now.

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective COX Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Rofecoxib is a COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM.
Targets
COX-2 [1]
18 nM
In vitro

Rofecoxib inhibits the COX-2-dependent production of PGE2 in human osteosarcoma cells with an IC50 of 26 nM. Rofecoxib is a time-dependent inhibitor of purified human recombinant COX-2 with an IC50 of 0.34 μM. Rofecoxib causes inhibition of purified human COX-1 in a non-time-dependent manner. In a human whole blood assay, Rofecoxib selectively inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced, COX-2-derived PGE2 synthesis with an IC50 value of 0.53 μM compared with an IC50 value of 18.8 μM for the inhibition of COX-1-derived thromboxane B2 synthesis after blood coagulation. [1] Rofecoxib moderately inhibits phenacetin O-deethylation with an IC50 of 23 μM. And a 30-minute preincubation with microsomes and NADPH considerably increases the inhibitory effect of Rofecoxib with an IC50 of 4.2 μM. Inactivation of CYP1A2 by rofecoxib requires NADPH, and is characterized by a K i of 4.8 μM. [2]

In vivo Rofecoxib potently inhibits carrageenan-induced paw edema, carrageenan-induced paw hyperalgesia, lipopolysaccharide-induced pyresis with IC50 of 1.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg and 0.24 mg/kg, respectively. Rofecoxib also blocks adjuvant-induced arthritis with an IC50 of 0.74 mg/kg/day. Rofecoxib also has a protective effect on adjuvant-induced destruction of cartilage and bone structures in rats. [1] Oral administration of rofecoxib decreases portal pressure in rats that are treated with CCl4 for 8 weeks. In addition, rofecoxib administration reduces the number of activated HSCs and to downregulate hepatic protein levels of three detected types of collagen, laminin, VEGF and CTGF in CCl4-treated rats. [3]

Protocol

Kinase Assay:[1]
+ Expand

In vitro biochemical and pharmacological assaysinhibition studies with recombinant human COX-1 and COX-2:

Microsomal preparations of recombinant human COX-1 and COX-2 are prepared from a vaccinia virus-COS-7 cell expression system. Recombinant human COX-1 and COX-2 are expressed in baculovirus-Sf9 cells, and enzymes are purified. Enzymatic activity is monitored continuously by either a fluorescence assay measuring the appearance of the oxidized form of the reducing agent cosubstrate homovanillic acid or by oxygen consumption. The HPLC assay for the assessment of inhibition of purified COX-1 by Rofecoxib with 0.1 μM arachidonic acid substrate concentration, the determination of the stoichiometry of the complex between COX-2 and Rofecoxib, the dissociation rate constant of the enzyme-inhibitor complex by recovery of enzymatic activity, and the recovery of intact Rofecoxib from that complex are all performed as described previously. The solvent system for the HPLC analysis of Rofecoxib is 15:85 MeOH/aqueous potassium phosphate (1 g/liter), with elution by a linear gradient of 15 to 75% MeOH over 25 minutes with detection at 275 nm on a Novapak C18 column.
Cell Research:[1]
+ Expand
  • Cell lines: Human osteosarcoma cell line and human lymphoma U937 cells
  • Concentrations: 0.5 μM, 8 μM
  • Incubation Time: 15 minutes
  • Method: The human osteosarcoma cell line has been shown to selectively express COX-2 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunoblot analysis, whereas undifferentiated human lymphoma U937 cells selectively express COX-1. The production of PGE2 by these cells after arachidonic acid challenge is used as an index of cellular COX-2 and COX-1 activity, respectively. Rofecoxib is preincubated for 5 to 15 minutes with the cells under serum-free conditions [Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS)] before a 10-minutes stimulation with 10 μM arachidonic acid and measurement of PGE2 production. COX activity in each cell line is defined as the difference in PGE2 concentrations in samples incubated in the presence or absence of arachidonic acid.
    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[1]
+ Expand
  • Animal Models: Rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model
  • Formulation: 80% PEG 200 in distilled water
  • Dosages: 0.1 mg/kg/day, 0.3 mg/kg/day, 1.0 mg/kg/day, and 3.0 mg/kg/day
  • Administration: p.o.
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 63 mg/mL (200.4 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble
In vivo Add solvents individually and in order:
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
30 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 314.36
Formula

C17H14O4S

CAS No. 162011-90-7
Storage powder
Synonyms MK-0966

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
    Concentration
    Volume
    Molecular Weight

*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

  • C1
    V1
    C2
    V2

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
    C6=C5/X C6: LOG(C6):
    C7=C6/X C7: LOG(C7):
    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT00165048 Unknown status Cancer of Stomach Chinese University of Hong Kong October 2004 Phase 3
NCT00164892 Unknown status Cancer of Stomach Chinese University of Hong Kong October 2004 Phase 3
NCT00263094 Completed Headache Sheba Medical Center September 2004 --
NCT00140920 Terminated Pain Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. May 2004 Phase 4
NCT00157872 Completed Rheumatoid Arthritis Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. January 2004 Phase 4
NCT00092378 Completed Postoperative Pain Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. September 2003 Phase 3

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3

If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

  • * Indicates a Required Field

COX Signaling Pathway Map

Related COX Products

Tags: buy Rofecoxib | Rofecoxib supplier | purchase Rofecoxib | Rofecoxib cost | Rofecoxib manufacturer | order Rofecoxib | Rofecoxib distributor
×
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID