Molecular Weight(MW): 479.48
LY411575 is a potent γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.078 nM/0.082 nM (membrane/cell-based), also inhibits Notch cleavage with IC50 of 0.39 nM in APP or NΔE expressing HEK293 cells.
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|Description||LY411575 is a potent γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.078 nM/0.082 nM (membrane/cell-based), also inhibits Notch cleavage with IC50 of 0.39 nM in APP or NΔE expressing HEK293 cells.|
LY-411575 inhibits γ-secretase which can be assessed by the substrates like amyloid precursor protein (APP) and Notch S3 cleavage.  LY-411575, which blocks Notch activation, results in apoptosis in primary and immortalized KS cells. 
|In vivo||10 mg/kg oral dose of LY-411575 decreases brain and plasma Aβ40 and -42 dose-dependently.  LY-411575 reduces cortical Aβ40 in young (preplaque) transgenic CRND8 mice (ED50 ≈ 0.6 mg/kg) and produces significant thymus atrophy and intestinal goblet cell hyperplasia at higher doses (>3 mg/kg). The therapeutic window is similar after oral and subcutaneous administration and in young and aged CRND8 mice. Both the thymus and intestinal side effects are reversible after a 2-week washout period. Three-week treatment with 1 mg/kg LY411575 reduces cortical Aβ40 by 69% without inducing intestinal effects, although a previously unreported change in coat color is observed. |
Assays for Aβ and NICD:Procedures for measuring γ-secretase activity in membranes prepared from HEK293 cells expressing APP have been described previously (Zhang L et al Biochemistry 40, 5049-5055). Intact HEK293 cells expressing either APP or NΔE are treated with various concentrations of LY- 411,575 for 4 hours at 37 °C. In the case of cells expressing NΔE, cells are lysed, the cell lysates are separated on a 4-12% NuPAGE gel, and the processed NICD fragment is detected via Western blot with a cleavage site-specific antibody. The inhibition of NICD production is quantified by spot densitometric analysis using FluorChem. In the case of cells expressing APP, the conditioned medium is collected, centrifuged at 10,000 × g for 5 minutes to remove cell debris, and stored at -20 °C prior to the determination of Aβ levels. Aβ40 and -42 produced in HEK293 membrane- and cell-based assays, as well as plasma Aβ40 and cortex Aβ40 from TgCRND8 mice, are analyzed without pretreatment using an electrochemiluminescence detection-based immunoassay. Plasma Aβ42 is measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit is used to measure cortex Aβ42 according to the manufacturer''s instructions.
|In vitro||DMSO||95 mg/mL (198.13 mM)|
|Ethanol||13 mg/mL (27.11 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents individually and in order:
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
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Frequently Asked Questions
Does this inhibitor act on beta-secretase?.
LY411575 has been reported to inhibit gamma-secretase, currently, there is no publication reporting its inhibition on beta-secreatse.