Molecular Weight(MW): 361.44
Semagacestat (LY450139) is a γ-secretase blocker for Aβ42, Aβ40 and Aβ38 with IC50 of 10.9 nM, 12.1 nM and 12.0 nM, also inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM in H4 human glioma cell. Phase 3.
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HEK/APPswe cells were either left non-treated (-) or exposed to the γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) semagacestat (+) for 19 h prior to cell harvesting and membrane preparation (Substrate accumulation). Exposure of cells with GSI prior to membrane preparation results in higher Aβ1-42 and Aβx-42 signals as compared to membranes derived from non-GSI treated cells. Direct addition of semagacestat to the membranes in the novo Aβ production assay inhibited Aβ production (Semagacestat (1 µM)). The amount of Aβx-42 is higher than Aβ1-42 suggesting that C83 is the major substrate for the Aβ42 signal detected.
J Biol Chem 2014 289(3), 1540-50. Semagacestat (LY450139) purchased from Selleck.
None of the AZ GSMs (square, triangle, and ×) or E2012 (O) affect Notch processing, whereas the GSIs L685458, DBZ, MRK-560, and Semagacestat do, as measured by quantifying the amount of nuclearly trans- located NICD in HEK293 cells stably transfected with △ENotch using immunocytochemistry. % NICD translocation is set relative to 0.5% DMSO (100%) and 0.5 μM L685458(0%)controls(mean±S.E., n＝2).
J Biol Chem 2012 287(15), 11810-9. Semagacestat (LY450139) purchased from Selleck.
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2. For more details, such as half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) and working concentrations of each inhibitor, please click on the link of the inhibitor of interest.
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|Description||Semagacestat (LY450139) is a γ-secretase blocker for Aβ42, Aβ40 and Aβ38 with IC50 of 10.9 nM, 12.1 nM and 12.0 nM, also inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM in H4 human glioma cell. Phase 3.|
|Features||The best characterized γ-secretase inhibitor that has reached the clinic.|
Semagacestat reduces the secretion of Aβ42, Aβ40 and Aβ38 from H4 human glioma cells stably overexpressing human wild-type APP into the culture medium, with IC50 of 10.9 nM, 12.1 nM and 12.0 nM, respectively, without affecting cell viability. Semagacestat also increases β-CTF in cell lysates with ECmax of 16.0 nM, and the increase can be unexpectedly attenuated at high concentrations. Semagacestat inhibits Notch signaling with IC50 of 14.1 nM, and shows minimal Notch-sparing selectivity with Notch IC50/Aβ42 IC50 only 1.3.  Semagacestat causes a concentration-dependent decrease in Aβ40 secreted into the medium with IC50 of 111 nM from murine CTX expressing endogenous murine APP, but murine Aβ42 formation in CTX is roughly 12-fold less than Aβ40 in accordance with data for neurons from wild type mice. 
|In vivo||Oral administration of Semagacestat (1 mg/kg) to 5.5-month old APP-transgenic Tg2576 mice significantly ameliorates memory deficits on spatial working memory using the Y-maze task, which disappears after 8 days subchronic dosing. LY450139 decreases hippocampal levels of both Aβ42 and Aβ40 at 10 mg/kg (22-23% reduction) and 30 mg/kg (36-41% reduction) and increases β-CTF at 0.3-10 mg/kg in a dose dependent manner with no inhibition on the processing of other γ-secretase substrates, such as Notch, N-cadherin or EphA4, in the brain, but impairs normal cognition in wild-type mice and 3-month-old Tg2576 mice failing to restore cognitive deficits in the Y-maze test. |
Cellular APP processing assay and Notch signaling assay:H4 human glioma cells stably overexpressing human wild-type APP695 are treated with Semagacestat at various concentrations for 24 hours. Levels of Aβ42, Aβ40, and Aβ38 in the media are measured using separate ELISA kits. The expression vector of the constitutively active form of Notch (NotchΔE), encoding bases 1-60 and 5193-6657 of the human Notch1 coding region (NM_017617), is constructed into a pcDNA3.1 vector with a sequence modification from mouse to human. Notch signaling activity is evaluated using Cignal RBP-Jk Reporter Assay kit. RBP-Jk protein [CSL/CBF1/Su(H)/Lag1] is a transcription factor activated with Notch intracellular domain produced by γ-secretase. H4 cells are transiently transfected with the human NotchΔE expression vector and the RBP-Jk-responsive luciferase construct using Lipofectamine 2000, and then exposed to various concentrations of Semagacestat for 16 hours. Notch signaling is measured based on luciferase activity in the cell lysate using the Dual-Glo Luciferase Assay System.
|In vitro||DMSO||72 mg/mL (199.2 mM)|
|Ethanol||41 mg/mL (113.43 mM)|
|In vivo||0.5% methylcellulose||30 mg/mL|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01035138||Completed||Alzheimers Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||December 2009||Phase 3|
|NCT00762411||Completed||Alzheimers Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||September 2008||Phase 3|
|NCT00594568||Completed||Alzheimers Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||March 2008||Phase 3|
|NCT00765115||Completed||Alzheimer Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||July 2006||Phase 1|
|NCT00244322||Completed||Alzheimers Disease||Eli Lilly and Company||October 2005||Phase 2|
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